Complementary Medicine and Culture: The Changing Cultural Territory of Local and Global Healing Practices

Tass Holmes (Editor)
School of Social and Political Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Australia

Evan Paul Cherniack, M.D. (Editor)
Department of Medicine – Division of Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine

Series: Alternative Medicine, Health and Wellness
BISAC: MED004000

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Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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This book engages topical and problematic issues regarding the impacts of cultural change on traditional healing beliefs and practices in both developing and developed nations. It describes issues ranging from the attrition of cultural heritage knowledge, or traditional knowledge (TK), to the implications of unconventional modern and traditional healing in various guises encountered during projects that entailed research fieldwork in communities of Australia, Africa and within institutions of mainstream healthcare in the United States. Furthermore, it explores philosophical aspects of contemporary complementary medicine practices.

This book has pertinence for many practitioners and consumers of traditional “non-medical” forms of health practices, and relevance for the theoretical body of understanding related to these diverse fields. In particular, the individual chapters describe topics important to indigenous persons, people living in rural areas, those with mental illnesses, practitioners of Chinese medicine and massage therapy, practitioners and consumers of traditional Western herbal medicine, social theorists interested in unconventional health domains, and US veterans seeking adjunctive wellbeing care and advice alongside medical treatment, It also provides a chapter with information dedicated to their medical and complementary wellbeing providers.

In the contemporary context, for Western countries such as US, UK and Australia, non-biomedical treatments are generally grouped together under the common term Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM), or more recently Complementary and Integrative Healthcare (CIH). In developing countries such as Africa, and in relation to indigenous healing (for instance, in many communities in remote Australia where there is a concentrated population of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people), heritage healing practices and unconventional approaches to healthcare, including spiritually-focused and specific cultural approaches to managing diseases, may instead be termed “traditional healing”.

Much health research today is geared towards securing quantitative outcomes that fortify the significant gains advanced by biomedicine in treating disease. However, the global spread of biomedical practices and ways of conceptualising health unfortunately follows in the footsteps of centuries of Western social and economic global colonisation, and thereby represents a current ongoing process of “deep colonisation”. The cultural shift brought about by this process has wrought deep and lasting changes in the body of heritage practices and beliefs that belong to culturally-situated healing traditions, and in the retention of TK associated with such healing.

This book presents several chapters of anthropological and qualitative research, which contribute to literature describing this process of cultural change and its impacts. It offers suggestions and commentary regarding the value of CAM and traditional healing to: 1) Promote wellbeing; 2) preserve traditional knowledge and medicinal plant species; 3) address specific health problems and the needs of population groups; and 4) extend a willingness to accept and incorporate “essential” CAM healthcare services, holistic beliefs and new understandings of well-being, alongside Western biomedicine. (Imprint: Nova)

Introduction

List of Contributor Biographies

PART I. Encountering Cultural Change in the Field

Chapter 1. Questions of Cultural Genocide and the Intellectual Property of Western Herbal Medicine
Tass Holmes, PhD (University of Melbourne, School of Social and Political Sciences – Anthropology, Melbourne, Australia)

Chapter 2. Outback Healing: Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicine across Shifting Socio-Cultural Landscapes
Aqua Y. Hastings (University of Newcastle, Australia)

Chapter 3. Fear of Witchery and the Mental Illness Scapegoat: A Discourse of an Intersection between Mental Health and Spirituality in Ghana
Matthew Gmalifo Mabefam (School of Social and Political Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia)

Chapter 4. A Step Backwards: Unravelling the Exploitation and Commercialisation of Herbal Medicines, Contributing to Endangerment of Species against Common Herb Usage
Tass Holmes, PhD (University of Melbourne, School of Social and Political Sciences – Anthropology, Melbourne, Australia)

PART II. Cultural Change in CAM Practice Arenas

Chapter 5. Case Study: An Analysis of the Implementation of a Therapeutic Massage Therapy Program at a Veterans Administration Medical Center Using Roger’s Diffusion of Innovations Theory
Carol E. Fletcher PhD, Allison R. Mitchinson and Daniel B Hinshaw, MD

PART III. Culture Change and Shifting Theoretical and Political Perspectives in CAM

Chapter 6. Constructing a Symmetrical Translating Knowledge Space between Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Scientific Medicine in Australia
Dr. Rey Tiquia, PhD (Honorary Fellow, School of Historical and Philosophical Studies (SHAPS), University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia)

Chapter 7. CAM in the Anthropocene: Posthuman Possibilities => pp. 191-222
Jeff Flatt, PhD (Lecturer - Complementary Medicine, School of Health, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia)

PART IV. Changed Approaches to CAM Therapeutic Materials

Chapter 8. Fermented Foods: From Traditional Diets to Clinical Trials => pp. 225-240
E. Paul Cherniack, MD (University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Division of Geriatrics and Palliative Medicine, Miami, USA)

Index

The book is for academics interested in health, particularly complementary and alternative medicine, or ‘traditional medicine’ (that is ‘traditional’ or ‘indigenous’ medicine, or ‘traditional knowledge’ (TK)), and the sociology and anthropology of health and healing.

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