Competitive Foods in Schools: Revenue Issues and Nutrition Standards for Snacks


Jared N. Denham (Editor)

Series: Nutrition and Diet Research Progress
BISAC: HEA048000

Across America, meals provided through USDA’s National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and School Breakfast Program (SBP) supply most of the foods and beverages obtained by children at school. Most schools also sell competitive foods, or “à la carte” items, alongside USDA school meals, in vending machines or in school stores and snack bars, with proceeds going to the school foodservice or fundraising school groups. These foods have been widely criticized as being of low nutritional value, undercutting public efforts to improve children’s diets and prevent obesity.

The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 requires schools that offer USDA school meals to limit competitive foods to those that meet updated nutrition standards, under development by USDA’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). Limiting the types of competitive foods available for sale may result in lost revenue for school foodservices, which depend to varying degrees on this revenue stream. Because USDA school meal programs are a part of the Nation’s nutrition safety net, the contribution that competitive food revenues make to foodservices serving economically vulnerable student populations is of particular interest. This book examines how updated nutrition standards for competitive foods might affect competitive food availability and the implications for foodservice revenues. (Imprint: Nova)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Nutrition Standards for Competitive Foods in Schools: Implications for Foodservice Revenues
(Joanne F. Guthrie, Constance Newman, Katherine Ralston, Mark Prell, Michael Ollinger, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service)

School Meal Programs: Competitive Foods Are Widely Available and Generate Substantial Revenues for Schools

Competitive Foods and Beverages in U.S. Schools: A State Policy Analysis
(National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion)

Smart Snacks in School: USDA’s “All Foods Sold in Schools” Standards
(U.S. Department of Agriculture)

“Smart Snacks in Schools” Nutrition Standards Interim Final Rule Questions and Answers
(U.S. Department of Agriculture)

Nutrition Standards for All Foods Sold in School
(U.S. Department of Agriculture)


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