Coastal Ecosystems: Experiences and Recommendations for Environmental Monitoring Programs

María Teresa Sebastiá (Editor)
Instituto de Investigación para la Gestión Integral de Zonas Costeras, Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain

Series: Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: NAT045050

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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The aim of this book is to assist environmental authorities and technicians in the design of effective environmental monitoring programs.Consensus exists that any good management program must be able to distinguish between natural variability and changes induced by anthropogenic activities. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to implement continuous monitoring programs. Sampling design is critical for the success of these programs due to the high spatio-temporal variability of coastal ecosystems.

No potential sources of pollution should be neglected in sampling design, such as submarine groundwater discharge (SGD), which has been recognized as an important link between the continent and the ocean. Additionally, sampling design should avoid Type II decision errors (false negatives), which means a problem is not found when in fact it does exist. Being able to detect undesired effects is indispensable to adopt preventive and corrective measures. It is essential that these programs change their primarily anthropocentric focus to an ecocentric focus. The need to cover large spatial regions periodically makes necessary the development and application of new technologies such as remote sensing data into monitoring programs. The development of environmental “diagnostic” tools to allow early warning detection of pollution exposure, such as biomarker measurements in bioindicator organisms, are also valuable tools for environmental monitoring, which are examined in this book. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Anthropocentric Bias in Management Policies. Are we Efficiently Monitoring our Ecosystems?
(Eduardo Santamaria-del-Angel, María-Teresa Sebastiá-Frasquet, Roberto Millán-Nuñez, Adriana González-Silvera, Ramón Cajal-Medrano, Facultad de Ciencias Marinas Universidad Autónoma de Baja California (FCM-UABC), Ensenada Baja California, México, and others)

Environmental Marine Monitoring Strategies and Coastal Ecosystem Management: Matching Science with Policy
(Michael Karydis, Department of Marine Sciences, University of Aegean, Mytilini, Greece)

Strategies to Increase the Impact and Effectiveness of Long-term Marine Monitoring Programs
(Christopher Krembs and Brandon Sackmann, Marine Monitoring Program, Washington State Department of Ecology, Olympia WA, USA, and others)

Phytoplankton Blooms: New Initiative using Marine Optics as a Basis for Monitoring Programs
(Eduardo Santamaría-del-Angel, Inia Soto, Roberto Millán-Nuñez, Adriana González-Silvera, Jennifer Wolny, Sergio Cerdeira-Estrada, Ramón Cajal-Medrano, Frank Muller-Karger, Jennifer Cannizzaro, Yolo Xochitl Sarita Padilla-Rosas, Alfredo Mercado-Santana, Maria Fernanda Gracia-Escobar, Porfirio Alvarez-Torres, Mary Carmen Ruiz-de-la-Torre, Facultad de Ciencias Marinas Universidad Autónoma de Baja California (FCM-UABC), Ensenada Baja California, México, and others)

Monitoring Heterogeneous and Quick-Changing Environments: Coping with Spatial and Temporal Scales of Variability in Coastal Lagoons and Transitional Waters
(Angel Pérez-Ruzafa, Concepción Marcos, Department of Ecology and Hydrology, Regional Campus of International Excellence Mare Nostrum, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain)

Monitoring Submarine Groundwater Discharge in Coastal Ecosystems
(Karina Kammer Attisano, Carlos Francisco Ferreira de Andrade, Kayla Corrêa de Lima, Luis Felipe Hax Niencheski, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Campus São Lourenço do Sul, Rua Marechal Floriano Peixoto, Centro, and others)

Evaluation of Pollution Effects in Marine Organisms: “Old” and “New Generation” Biomarkers
(Francesco Dondero, Antonio Calisi, Department of Science and Technological Innovation, University of Oriental Piedmont, Alessandria, Italy, and others)

Inappropriate Urban Waste Water Discharges: Unnoticed in Monitoring Programs?
(María-Teresa Sebastiá-Frasquet, Silvia Falco and Miguel Rodilla, Institut d’Investigació per a la Gestió Integrada de Zones Costaneres (IGIC), Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV), Grau de Gandia, Spain)

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