Clays and Clay Minerals: Geological Origin, Mechanical Properties and Industrial Applications

Liam R. Wesley (Editor)

Series: Earth Sciences in the 21st Century
BISAC: TEC021000

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The peculiar characteristics of clays provide it with very interesting adsorption qualities, especially for polar or ionizable molecules. Some of these characteristics include the silicates’ sheet structure that makes a large surface area accessible for adsorption; the usually significant surface charge that can be responsible for strong electrostatic interactions; and clays’ swelling properties and presence of exchangeable surface cations that facilitate ion-exchange mechanisms.

Added to their wide availability and associated low cost, these characteristics have motivated in recent years an increasing interest in utilizing natural, processed or chemically-modified clays for the removal of organic contaminants from aqueous solutions. This book discusses the application of clay materials for the removal of organic compounds from contaminated waters. It also discusses several other topics that include time and temperature related behavior of clays; mechanical treatment of clay minerals; the workability of natural clays and clays in the ceramics industry; recent advances in hydraulic performance of clay liners; and the genesis, properties and industrial applications of bauxitic lithomargic clay. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1 - The Time- and Temperature-Related Behavior of Clays: Microscopic Considerations and Macroscopic Modeling (pp. 1-44)
Victor N. Kaliakin, Meysam Mashayekhi and Andrés Nieto-Leal (University of Delaware, Newark, DE, U.S.A. and others)

Chapter 2 - Estimation of Diffusion Coefficients for Organic Solutes of Environmental Concern in Saturated Clay-Silt Mixtures (pp. 45-66)
Derya Ayral and Avery Demond (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, MI, U.S.A.)

Chapter 3 - Mechanochemical Treatment of Clay Minerals by Dry Grinding: Nanostructured Materials with Enhanced Surface Properties and Reactivity (pp. 67-114)
L. Pérez-Villarejo, S. Martínez-Martínez, D. Eliche-Quesada, B. Carrasco-Hurtado and P.J. Sánchez-Soto (Department of Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering, Higher Polytechnic School of Linares, University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain and others)

Chapter 4 - Applications of Clay Materials for the Removal of Organic Xenobiotics from Contaminated Waters (pp. 115-144)
A. Dordio and A. J. P. Carvalho (Chemistry Department, University of Évora, Évora, Portugal and others)

Chapter 5 - Using Solid Wastes As Raw Materials in Clay Bricks (pp. 145-182)
Lázaro V. Cremades, Joan A. Cusidó, Cecilia Soriano and Martí Devant (Departament de Projectes d’Enginyeria, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain and others)

Chapter 6 - The Workability of Natural Clays and Clays in the Ceramics Industry (pp. 183-202)
Graham Barnes (Graham Barnes Consultancy)

Chapter 7 - Influence of Temperature, pH and Ionic Strength in the Ability to Remove the Dye Reactive Navy Blue Using Bentonite Clay/Charcoal Composite by Factorial Design (pp. 203-212)
Neucineia Vieira Chagas, Jeferson Meira Santos, Maria Lurdes Felsner, Marcos Roberto da Rosa and Karin Cristiane Justi (Department of Chemistry, Campus Cedeteg, Universidade Estadual do Centro-Oeste, Guarapuava, Brazil)

Chapter 8 - Using Simplex Lattice Experimental Design to Optimize Clay Brick Formulation (pp. 213-224)
A. Z. Destefani and J. N. F. Holanda (Fluminense Federal Institute, Campos dos Goytacazes-RJ, Brazil and others)

Chapter 9 - Recent Advances in Hydraulic Performance of Clay Liners (pp. 225-242)
M. T. Rayhani and A. A. Aldaeef (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada)

Chapter 10 - Production of Specialized Mineral Products from Modified Kaolins (pp. 243-272)
Bernard A. Goodman and Niramon Worasith (State Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-Bioresources, Guangxi University, Nanning, Guangxi, China, and others)

Chapter 11 - DNA Adsorption Characteristics of Clay and Composite Hydrogel Formation (pp. 273-296)
Yoko Matsuura, Shuichi Arakawa and Masami Okamoto (Advanced Polymeric Nanostructured Materials Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Toyota Technological Institute, Hisakata, Tempaku, Nagoya, Japan)

Chapter 12 - Characteristics of Clay Minerals in the Principal Slip Zone of an Active Fault: A Case Study from the Taiwan Chelungpu Fault Drilling Project (pp. 297-334)
Li-Wei Kuo and Sheng-Rong Song (National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan)

Chapter 13 - Characterization of Paramagnetic Centres in Clay Minerals and Free Radical Surface Reactions by EPR Spectroscopy (pp. 335-360)
Niramon Worasith, Sumalee Ninlaphurk, Harinate Mungpayaban, Deng Wen and Bernard A. Goodman (Department of Chemistry, Rajamangala University of Technology Krungthep, Soi Suan Plu, Sathorn, Bangkok, Thailand, and others)

Chapter 14 - Free Radical Reactions Associated with Aluminosilicate Clay Minerals and Nanoparticles: Implications for the Health Effects of Dust Inhalation (pp. 361-378)
Niramon Worasith, Deng Wen and Bernard A. Goodman (Department of Chemistry, Rajamangala University of Technology Krungthep, Soi Suan Plu, Sathorn, Bangkok, Thailand, and others)

Chapter 15 - Industrial Application of Clays and Clay Minerals (pp. 379-402)
Ivana Savic, Stanisa Stojiljkovic, Ivan Savic and Dragoljub Gajic (Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Nis, Serbia and others)

Chapter 16 - Some Applications of Clays in Radioactive Waste Management (pp. 403-416)
Hosam El-Din M. Saleh (Radioisotope Department, Nuclear Research Center, Atomic Energy Authority, Dokki, Giza, Egypt)

Chapter 17 - Genesis, Properties and Industrial Applications of Bauxitic Lithomargic Clay (pp. 417-434)
A. Andrews, S. K. Y. Gawu, Zs. Momade and F. W. Y. Momade (Department of Materials Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana and others)

Chapter 18 - Confusion in the Literature of Vermiculite (pp. 435-446)
Ernest M. M. Marwa (Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania)

Index

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