Circadian Rhythms and Their Importance

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Series: Biochemistry Research Trends
BISAC: TEC059000; SCI007000
DOI: https://doi.org/10.52305/GXME8274

Circadian rhythm is the mechanism for measuring time by organisms in units of around 24 hours. Almost every organism has the ability to predict daily events such as sunrise and sunset, which is essential for their optimal survival strategies. Circadian rhythms persist even in the absence of time cues and ensure that behavioral, physiological and metabolic processes align with changing environmental conditions. Most organisms, irrespective of whether they are prokaryotic or eukaryotic, have evolved certain mechanisms to sense their external environment in order to prepare a biological response. Often, these biological responses result in changes in physiology and biochemistry of organisms for the optimization of their survival. There is no unified mechanism among organisms by which sensory environment can be applied to control their lifespan. In humans, disruptions of the circadian rhythm may have an increased risk of age-related neurodegenerative diseases such as cancer, diabetes, etc.

This book encompasses the most recent knowledge and modern trends in the field of circadian rhythms research. It is also expected to provide a must-read guide for beginners as well as advanced researchers in this field of study. Undergraduate, post-graduate and research scholars of several disciplines such as chemistry, botany, microbiology, biochemistry, biotechnology, bioinformatics, life sciences and bionanotechnology will benefit from this book.

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Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1. Circadian Rhythms: An Introduction
(Rajeshwar P. Sinha and Sonal Mishra – Laboratory of photobiology and Molecular Microbiology, Centre of Advanced Study in Botany, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India)

Chapter 2. Molecular Mechanisms and Importance of Circadian Rhythms in Microorganisms
(Sonal Mishra, Neha Kumari, Jyoti Jaiswal, Prashant R. Singh, Amit Gupta, Niharika Sahu and Rajeshwar P. Sinha – Laboratory of photobiology and Molecular Microbiology, Centre of Advanced Study in Botany, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India)

Chapter 3. Cyanobacterial Endogenous Clock: Molecular Mechanisms and Ecological Adaptations
(Vinod K. Kannaujiya, Saumi Pandey, Nasreen Amin and Rajeshwar P. Sinha – Department of Botany, MMV, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India, et al.)

Chapter 4. Plant Circadian Rhythm: A Biological Clock as Developmental and Metabolic Regulator
(Nidhi Rai, Sabitri Kumari, Pajeb Saha, Apoorva, Sanjay Kumar Rai, Ram Prasad Meena and Shashi Pandey-Rai – Centre of Advanced Study in Botany, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India, et al.)

Chapter 5. Circadian Clock: Photic Regulation and Its Disruption on Health
(Vivek Verma, Ruchika Kumari and Muniyandi Singaravel – Chronobiology Lab, Department of Zoology, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India)

Chapter 6. Circadian Phase Shifting of Wheel Running and Modulation of Spike Activity in the Rat Suprachiasmatic Nucleus by Neuropeptide Y
(Alexey N. Inyushkin and Albina A. Petrova – Department of Human and Animal Physiology, Samara National Research University, Samara, Russian Federation)

Chapter 7. The Role of Circadian Rhythms Disturbances in the Pathophysiology and Clinical Expression of Affective Disorders
(Patrizia Moretti, Giulia Menculini, Sara Bianchi, Lucia Gonfia, Luigi Maria Pandolfi, Filippo De Giorgi, Alfonso Tortorella – Department of Psychiatry, University of Perugia, Italy)

Chapter 8. Insights Into Circadian Modulation of Innate Immunity: The Role of Melatonin and Proenkephalin-derived Opioid Peptides
(Héctor Solís-Chagoyán, Edgar Flores-Soto, Luis M. Montaño, Bettina Sommer, Germán O. López-Riquelme, Zuly A. Sánchez-Florentino, Jesús Argueta, Ramón Alvarado-Álvarez, Marcela Valdés-Tovar – Laboratorio de Neurofarmacología, Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz, CDMX, México, et al.)

Chapter 9. Features of Circadian Rhythms of Heart Rate Variability, Arterial Stiffness and Outpatient Monitoring of Blood Pressure in Diabetes Mellitus: Data, Mechanisms and Consequences
(Victoria A. Serhiyenko, Ludmila M. Serhiyenko, Alexandr A. Serhiyenko – Department of Endocrinology, Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University, Lviv, Ukraine)

About the Editor

Index


Editor’s Orchid ID

Rajeshwar P. Sinha – https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0112-6161

Additional information

Binding

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