Child Mortality in Eritrea: An Overview of History and Progress


Research Analyst, Eritrean Center for Strategic Studies, Asmara, Eritrea

Series: African Studies
BISAC: SOC042000; SOC057000

“What an author…what a subject. A must-read book on the future of Eritrea!” – E. Arefaine Berhe, Minister of Agriculture, State of Eritrea 

“This well-written, fact-filled book offers a glimpse into Eritrea’s child health care system – which places the responsibility for the welfare of the child on the entire community.” – Sophia Tesfamariam, Permanent Representative of Eritrea to the United Nations 

“An exhaustive and comprehensive analysis of Eritrea’s laudable success in reducing child mortality by Dr. Fikresus Amahazion – a polymath and product of Awet n’hafash.” – Ruby Sandhu, FRSA Lawyer, London

 “Dr. Fikresus makes sense of a complex subject. He describes an important aspect of the story of Eritrea using one of the most valuable gauges, children. How a country treats and cares for its children tells us a whole lot about it.” –  Amanuel Biedemariam, entrepreneur, community activist, and author of The History of the USA in Eritrea (2020)

Across the world, today child mortality is far less common than it once was. Yet, huge disparities remain and improving child survival is still a matter of urgent global concern. However, an emerging success story is that of Eritrea, located in Northeast Africa. Despite limited resources, an extremely difficult regional geopolitical context, and an array of daunting challenges, the young country has achieved remarkable progress on reducing child deaths. Eritrea’s child mortality story has largely gone unrecognized; this book helps to fill the gap. It traces the history of child mortality in the country and unpacks the multifaceted factors that have helped to drive its success. Guided by high-quality research conducted on the ground, presenting a comprehensive review of a wide range of historical and current materials, and full of the latest, up-to-date data, this book contributes greatly to deepening understanding of child mortality and Eritrea.

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Table of Contents

List of Figures

List of Tables



List of Acronyms

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 2. Child Mortality: An Overview

Chapter 3. Eritrea: General Background

Chapter 4. Child Mortality in Eritrea

Chapter 5. Factors Driving Child Mortality Reduction in Eritrea

Chapter 6. Conclusion: Final Points and Looking Ahead

About the Author



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