Chemistry Research Summaries. Volume 5

Lucille Monaco Cacioppo (Editor)

Series: Chemistry Research Summaries
BISAC: SCI013000




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This book is a compilation of research summaries from a number of different focuses in the field of chemistry research. (Imprint: Nova)


Chapter 1 - Metallic Nanoparticles Nanocomposites: Their Catalytic Applications (pp. 1-2)
Rocío Redón, N. G. García-Peña and F. Ramírez-Crescencio

Chapter 2 - Recent Evolution of Oxidation Catalysis by Mo Complexes (pp. 3-4)
Carla D. Nunes and Pedro D. Vaz

Chapter 3 - Homogeneous Catalysts Based on Bis(imino)pyridine Complexes of Iron, Cobalt, Vanadium and Chromium: The Kinetic Peculiarities of Ethylene Polymerization (pp. 5-6)
N. V. Semikolenova, A. A. Barabanov, L. G. Echevskaya, M. A. Matsko and V. A. Zakharov

Chapter 4 - Rational Design of Chiral Ruthenium Complexes for Asymmetric Hydrogenations (pp. 7-8)
Jiří Václavík, Petr Kačer and Libor Červený

Chapter 5 - Supramolecular Gel Catalyst: Bridging Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysis (pp. 9-10)
Jianyong Zhang and Stuart L. James

Chapter 6 - Glycerol as a Sustainable Solvent for Homogeneous Catalysis (pp. 11-12)
Adi Wolfson, Christina Dlugy and Dorith Tavor

Chapter 7 - Homogeneous Catalysis in Carbonylative Coupling Reactions (pp. 13-14)
Pawan J. Tambade, Yogesh P. Patil and Bhalchandra M. Bhanage

Chapter 8 - Synthesis, Characterization and Catalytic Stud of Oxovanadium (IV) Complexes with Tetradentate Schiff Bases (pp. 15-16)
A. P. A. Marques, E. R. Dockal, Ieda Lucia Viana Rosa and F. C. Skrobot

Chapter 9 - Unique Design Tools for the Synthesis and Design of Dendrimers as Supports for Recoverable Catalysts and Reagents and Their Applications in Asymmetric Synthesis (pp. 17-18)
Ashraf A. El-Shehawy

Chapter 10 - Recent Strategies in Phase Transfer Catalysis and Its Application in Organic Reactions (pp. 19-20)
P. A. Vivekanand and Maw-Ling Wang

Chapter 11 - Hexenoic Acids and Their Derivatives – Preparation Using Selective Homogeneous Catalysts (pp. 21-22)
Libor Červený and Eliška Leitmannová

Chapter 12 - Homogeneous Catalyzed Succinoylation of Cellulose in Ionic Liquids (pp. 23-24)
C. F. Liu, A. P. Zhang, W. Y. Li, W. Lan and R. C. Sun

Chapter 13 - Polymeric Membranes for Sustainable Gas Separation (pp. 25-26)
Angelo Basile and Annarosa Gugliuzza

Chapter 14 - Membrane Contactor Technology: Fundamentals, Interfaces and Prospects (pp. 27-28)
Annarosa Gugliuzza and Angelo Basile

Chapter 15 - Pervaporation as Sustainable Process (pp. 29-30)
Alberto Figoli, Pieter Vandezande, Francesco Galiano and Sina Zereshki

Chapter 16 - Membranes for Sustainable Food Packaging (pp. 31-32)
Alberto Figoli and Silvia Simone

Chapter 17 - Membrane and Membrane Reactors for Sustainable Growth (pp. 33-34)
Angelo Basile, Sudip Chakraborty and Adolfo Iulianelli

Chapter 18 - Pressure-Driven Membrane Applications: Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration (pp. 35-36)
Alfredo Cassano and Carmela Conidi

Chapter 19 - Application of Membrane Technology for the Development of Sustainable Biotechnology Processes (pp. 37-38)
Faisal I. Hai and Oskar Modin

Chapter 20 - Pressure-Driven Membrane Applications: Nanofiltration (pp. 39-40)
Bart Van der Bruggen and Yang Zhang

Chapter 21 - High Temperature Performance Polymer Electrolyte Membranes (pp. 41-42)
Suwabun Chirachanchai, Autchara Pangon and Chatchai Jarumaneeroj

Chapter 22 - Conceptual Density Functional Theory: From Inhomogeneous Electronic Gas to Bose-Einstein Condensates (pp. 43-44)
Mihai V. Putz

Chapter 23 - Information Tools for Probing Chemical Bonds (pp. 45-46)
Roman F. Nalewajski

Chapter 24 - Structural Classification of Complex Molecules by Information Entropy and Equipartition Conjecture (pp. 47-48)
Francisco Torrens and Gloria Castellano

Chapter 25 - Computation of Quantum Mechanical Hybridization and Dipole Correlation of Electronic Structures of Molecules in Terms of the Localized Molecular Orbitals (pp. 49-50)
Dulal C. Ghosh

Chapter 26 - Two-Level Dipolar System in a Thermal Bath Interacting with a Dynamic Perturbation (pp. 51-52)
J. L. Paz, A. Mastrodoménico and A. Mendoza-García

Chapter 27 - Data Location in a Four-Dimensional Periodic System of Diatomic Molecules (pp. 53-54)
Gary W. Burdick and Ray Hefferlin

Chapter 28 - United Atom Model Approach for the Description of Intermolecular Potential Energy in Computational Chemistry (pp. 55-56)
Teik-Cheng Lim and Rajendra Acharya

Chapter 29 - Stereoisograms: A Remedy Against Oversimplified Dichotomy between Enantiomers and Diastereomers in Stereochemistry (pp. 57-58)
Shinsaku Fujita

Chapter 30 - Orthogonal Regression Methods in Chemical Modeling (pp. 59-60)
Emili Besalú, Jesus V. de Julián-Ortiz and Lionello Pogliani

Chapter 31 - Zagreb Indices (pp. 61-62)
Bono Lučić, Sonja Nikolić and Nenad Trinajstić

Chapter 32 - Towards Accurate Virtual Screening Technologies: Sampling of Chemical Space and Applicability Domain Estimation (pp. 63-64)
Alan Talevi, Eduardo A. Castro and Luis E. Bruno-Blanch

Chapter 33 - How Well is Conformational Space Covered? (pp. 65-66)
Lydia Benkaidali, Kamel Mansouri, Pierre Tuffery, François André and Michel Petitjean

Chapter 34 - Porphyrins at the Interface with Nanomaterials (pp. 67-68)
Eugenia Fagadar-Cosma

Chapter 35 - Assumptions of Quantum Chemistry (pp. 69-70)
Jan C. A. Boeyens and C. J. H. Schutte

Chapter 36 - Sol-Gel-Based Materials for Biomedical Applications (pp. 71-72)
Aurica P. Chiriac, Iordana Neamtu, Loredana E. Nita and Manuela T. Nistor

Chapter 37 - Dye-Removal Characteristics of Pure and Modified Nanocrystalline Sol-Gel Titania (pp. 73-74)
Satyajit Shukla

Chapter 38 - Sol-Gel Synthesis of Mesoporous Ordered Nanomaterials on the Basis of Alumina and Titania (pp. 75-76)
A. V. Agafonov, V. V. Vinogradov and A. V.Vinogradov

Chapter 39 - Nanocomposites with Controlled Properties Obtained by the Thermal Treatment of Some Tetraethyl Orthosilicate-Diols-Metal Nitrates Gels (pp. 77-78)
Mircea Stefanescu, Marcela Stoia and Oana Stefanescu

Chapter 40 - Methods for Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment Achieved with the Aid of Sol-Gel Chemistry (pp. 79-80)
Martin F. Desimone, Gisela S. Alvarez, Guillermo J. Copello, Maria L. Foglia, Maria V. Tuttolomondo and Luis E. Diaz

Chapter 41 - Description of Solvent-Dependent and Nanoscale Diffusion Process in Silica Based Sol–Gel Matrix (pp. 81-82)
Kazushige Yokoyama

Chapter 42 - Sol-Gel Processes on Chemically Inert Substrates to Fabricate Functional Hybrid Architectures and Their Applications (pp. 83-84)
Haiqing Li and Il Kim

Chapter 43 - Protein Sol-Gel Encapsulation with Polymer Additives (pp. 85-86)
Monika Sommerhalter

Chapter 44 - Fabrication and Property Optimization of Multiferroic Composite Thick Films (pp. 87-88)
W. Chen, W. Zhu and Z. H. Wang

Chapter 45 - Application of a Sol-Gel Based Nanostructured Ceramic Membrane for Hydrogen Separation in CO2 Capture Purposes (pp. 89-90)
T. H. Y. Tran, W. G. Haije and J. Schoonman

Chapter 46 - Isocyanate Modified Silanes as a New Generation Precursors in the Sol-Gel Technology: From Materials Design to Application (pp. 91-92)
Ts. Gerganova, Y. Ivanova, T. Gerganov, I. M. Miranda Salvado and M. H. V. Fernandes

Chapter 47 - Ex-Situ XPS Analysis of Surfaces Applied in Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) (pp. 93-94)
Jens Muff, Morten E. Simonsen and Erik G. Søgaard

Chapter 48 - Sol-Gel Chemistry of Transitional Metals in Aqueous Medium (pp. 95-96)
Luminita Predoana and Maria Zaharescu

Chapter 49 - Application of Sol-Gel Process in the Polymer Materials Modification (pp. 97-98)
Nika Veronovski

Chapter 50 - Synthesis and Characterization of Silicate Polymers (pp. 99-100)
Morten E. Simonsen, Camilla Sønderby and Erik G. Søgaard

Chapter 51 - Multienzymatic System Immobilization in Sol-Gel Slides: Development of Fluorescent Biosensors (pp. 101-102)
I. Pastor and A. Salinas-Castillo

Chapter 52 - Dye-Doped Sol-Gels for the Optical Sensing towards Aliphatic Amines (pp. 103-104)
Wenqun Wang, Kwok-Fan Chow, Alvin Persad, Ann Okafor, Andrew Bocarsly, Neil D. Jespersen and Enju Wang

Chapter 53 - Preparation and Properties of ZnO Nanoparticles and Thin Films Deposited by the Sol-Gel Method (pp. 105-106)
Wei-jie Song, Jia-Li, Yu-long Zhang, Rui-qin Tan and Ye-Yang

Chapter 54 - Wet Sol-Gel Silica Microspheres for the Sustained Release of Human Growth Hormone (pp. 107-108)
Margherita Morpurgo, Andrea Mozzo, Camilla Ferracini, Mauro Pignatto and Nicola Realdon

Chapter 55 - Trends in the Study of the Electrochemical Stability of Perchlorate Ions against Reductive Attacks (pp. 109-110)
G. G. Láng and M. Ujvári

Chapter 56 - Lithium and Magnesium Perchlorate Solutions and Their Influence on the Rate and Equilibrium of Some Cycloaddition Reactions (pp. 111-112)
Vladimir D. Kiselev

Chapter 57 - Structural and Vibrational Properties of Chromyl Perchlorate (pp. 113-114)
Silvia A. Brandán

Chapter 58 -Perchlorate Formation in Electrochemical Water Disinfection (pp. 115-116)
M. E. Henry Bergmann, Tatiana Iourtchouk, Wido Schmidt, Gabriele Nüske and Michaela Fischer

Chapter 59 - Metal Perchlorates as Lewis Acids: A Powerful and Versatile Tool in Organic Synthesis (pp. 117-118)
Letizia Sambri, Giuseppe Bartoli, Giorgio Bencivenni and Renato Dalpozzo

Chapter 60 - Advances in the Bioremediation of Perchlorate (pp. 119-120)
Yanguang Song and Steven W. Van Ginkel

Chapter 61 - Environmental Biotechnology and Microbiology of (Per)Chlorate Reducing Bacteria (pp. 121-122)
Farrakh Mehboob, Gosse Schraa and Alfons JM Stams

Chapter 62 - Perchlorate: Production, Uses and Effects on Humans and the Environment (pp. 123-124)
Reema Bansal, Ronald L. Crawford, Thomas. F. Hess and Andrzej. J. Paszczynski

Chapter 63 - Perchlorates in the Laboratory for Analytical/Physical Chemistry (pp. 125-126)
Marina Zelić

Chapter 64 - Electronic Structure, Chemical Bonding, Photoelectronic and Optical Properties of Metal Perchlorates (pp. 127-128)
Yu. N. Zhuravlev, D. V. Korabel’nikov and A. S. Poplavnoi

Chapter 65 - Alkaline Earth Metal Perchlorates: Electrochemical Preparation and Reaction Mechanisms (pp. 129-130)
Subramanyan Vasudevan

Chapter 66- Removal of Perchlorate from Water (pp. 131-132)
Yeomin Yoon, Nam-Guk Her and Moonil Kim

Chapter 67 - Ferric Perchlorate: An Efficient Catalyst for Expeditious and Chemo Selective Conversion of Aldehydes to Acylals (pp. 133-134)
Farahnaz K. Behbahani, Majid M. Heravi and Hossien A. Oskooie

Chapter 68 - Microbial Reduction of Chlorate and Perchlorate: Phylogenetic Analysis of the Genes Encoding the Degradation Pathways (pp. 135-136)
Martina M. Ederer, Katarzyna H. Kucharzyk, Thomas F. Hess and Ronald L. Crawford

Chapter 69 - Directed Molecular Assembly on Metal Surfaces: C60 Molecules on the (111) Surface of Gold (pp. 137-138)
Quanmin Guo

Chapter 70 - Supramolecular Architecture-Controlled Self-Assemblies of Calixarenes (pp. 139-140)
Ivan I. Stoikov, Elena A. Yushkova, Igor S. Antipin and Alexander I. Konovalov

Chapter 71 - The Construction of Metal–Organic Frameworks from Multifunctional Aromatic Carboxylates and Pyridylcarboxamides (pp. 141-142)
Benlai Wu, Hongwei Hou and Hongyun Zhang

Chapter 72 - Bacterial Flagellar Filament: Self-Assembly, Chirality, and Polymorphism (pp. 143-144)
Fumio Hayashi and Kenji Oosawa

Chapter 73 - Highly Stable Polymerized Lipid Membranes for Ion Channel Recordings (pp. 145-146)
Benjamin A. Heitz, Craig A. Aspinwall and S. Scott Saavedra

Chapter 74 - Conceptual Approach to the Teaching of Chemistry (pp. 147-148)
Raffaele P. Bonomo, Giovanni Tabbì and Alessandro Giuffrida

Chapter 75 - Molecular Orbital Gap Studies In Tunneling Single Molecular Devices (pp. 149-150)
Vladimir Burtman

Chapter 76 - Mesoscopic Self-Assembly of Trimethine Cyanine Dye in Solution: Electrolyte-Induced Conversion in Their Supramolecular Structures (pp. 151-152)
Hiroshi Yao

Chapter 77 - Treatment of Chromium Contamination in the Environment (pp. 153-154)
Paitip Thiravetyan and Parinda Suksabye

Chapter 78 - Chromium Toxicity: Free Radical Aspects (pp. 155-156)
Olha I. Kubrak and Volodymyr I. Lushchak

Chapter 79 - Chromium in MEMS Technology (pp. 157-158)
Viviana Mulloni

Chapter 80 - The Cellular Response to Chromium (VI) – Induced DNA Damage (pp. 159-160)
Haya Sarras and J. Peter McPherson

Chapter 81 - Chromium Picolinate Induces DNA Damage, Senescence and Cell Death in Normal Colonic Fibroblasts (pp. 161-162)
Emil Rudolf

Chapter 82 - Chromium Complexes Based Catalysts: The Role of the Ligand Nature in the Polymerization of Conjugated Diolefins and Cycloolefins (pp. 163-164)
Giovanni Ricci, Giuseppe Leone, Francesco Masi and Anna Sommazzi

Chapter 83 - Heterogeneous Catalysts Based on Chromium Sites: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications (pp. 165-166)
Jovita Moreno, Alicia Carrero and Jose Aguado

Chapter 84 - Macroporous and Non-Porous Amino-Functionalized Glycidyl Methacrylate Based Copolymers for Hexavalent Chromium Sorption (pp. 167-168)
Aleksandra B. Nastasović, Zvjezdana P. Sandić, Danijela D. Maksin, Antonije E. Onjia, Aleksandra D. Milutinović-Nikolić and Dušan M. Jovanović

Chapter 85 - Treatment of Chromium Polluted Water through Biosorption – An Environment Friendly Approach (pp. 169-170)
Umer Shafique, Jamil Anwar and Jesus M. Anzano

Chapter 86 - Recycling of Leather Waste Containing Chromium – A Review (pp. 171-172)
Maria J. Ferreira and Manuel F. Almeida

Chapter 87 - Computer Simulation of Alpha - Chromia and its Surface (pp. 173-174)
Thomas Stirner and Jizhong Sun

Chapter 88 - Studies on Novel Solid Acid Catalysts of Niobium-Based Oxides with Mesoporous, Layered and Nanosheet Structures (pp. 175-176)
Caio Tagusagawa, Atsushi Takagaki, Junko N. Kondo and Kazunari Domen

Chapter 89 - Niobium Oxide Compounds: Synthesis, Properties and Applications (pp. 177-178)
Maria Lucia Caetano Jardim Pinto da Silva and Rafael Caetano Jardim Pinto da Silva

Chapter 90 - Geochemistry of Nb and Variations of Nb/Ta Ratio in Geological Systems (pp. 179-180)
Yuanyuan Zhang and Jaroslav Dostal

Chapter 91 - Densification of In-Situ Cu-NbC Composite Using Uniaxial and Cold Isostatic Pressing (pp. 181-182)
Zuhailawati Hussain, Indra Putra Almanar and Nurfateen Fakhariah Ahmad

Chapter 92 - Niobium Powders: Uses and Process Developments for their Production (pp. 183-184)
Stefan Luidold

Chapter 93 - Improvement of the Electrochemical Behavior of AISI 4140 Steel Substrate Using [TiCN/TiNbCN]n Multilayers System (pp. 185-186)
J. C. Caicedo, C. Amaya, L. Yate, W. Aperador, M. E. Gómez and P. Prieto

Chapter 94 - Niobium Distribution Pattern in Rare-Metal-Bearing Palaeoproterozoic Co-Genetic Felsic Rocks and Minerals in Central India (pp. 187-188)
Yamuna Singh and Anjan Chaki

Chapter 95 - Niobium in Oxalate Complexes: From Discrete Molecules to Heterometallic Supramolecular Structures (pp. 189-190)
Marijana Jurić, Pavica Planinić and Nevenka Brničević

Chapter 96 - A Novel Amperometric Transducer Electrode with Iridium-Niobium Binary Alloys (pp. 191-192)
Toru Matsumoto, Naoaki Sata and Yoko Yamabe-Mitarai

Chapter 97 - Niobate Crystals Inserted in a Glass Matrix (pp. 193-194)
Manuel Pedro Graça, Manuel Almeida Valente and Maria G. Ferreira da Silva

Chapter 98 - Use of Niobium for Fabricating Superconducting Radio Frequency Cavities (pp. 195-196)
A. T. Wu

Chapter 99 - Photoperception in Plants: Structural and Functional Heterogeneity of Phytochrome A (pp. 197-198)
V. A. Sineshchekov

Chapter 100 - Homochiral Porous Metal-Organic Frameworks: A Step to the Future of Stereoselective Recognition and Catalysis (pp. 199-200)
Konstantin P. Bryliakov and Evgenii P. Talsi

Chapter 101 - Understanding Nanoscale Phenomena Using Single Particle Mass Spectrometry and Improvement of Its Performance – A Review (pp. 201-202)
Donggeun Lee, Kwang-Sung Lee, Sung-Woo Cho, Lei Zhou, Arthur Miller, Kihong Park and Michael R. Zachariah

Chapter 102 - Cluster Fusion Algorithm: Application to Lennard-Jones Clusters (pp. 203-204)
Ilia A. Solov’yov, Andrey V. Solov’yov and Walter Greiner

Chapter 103 - Intermolecular Interactions in Binary Liquid Mixtures of Anisaldehyde with Nitrobenzene and Ethyl Benzene by Ultrasonic Measurements at (303.15, 313.15 and 323.15) K (pp. 205-206)
R. Baskaran and T. R. Kubendran

Chapter 104 - Advanced Power of Disappearance Potential Spectroscopy in the Adsorbed Species Identification (pp. 207-208)
A. R. Cholach

Chapter 105 - Binding and Structure Properties in Monte Carlo Simulation for Non-Isosymmetric Nuclei (pp. 209-210)
M. Ángeles Pérez-García

Chapter 106 - Phonon Dispersion in Zr-Ni Bulk Metallic Glasses (pp. 211-212)
Aditya M. Vora

Chapter 107 - Effect of H2O Content on Structure and Optical Properties of TiO2 Thin Films Derived by Sol-Gel Dip-Coating Process at Low Temperature (pp. 213-214)
S. Kermadi, N. Agoudjil, S. Sali, R. Tala-Ighil and M. Boumaour

Chapter 108 - Computational Study of Novel Tris-(5-Aryl-8-Hydroxyquinolato) Aluminum (III) Complexes with Use in Molecular Electronics (pp. 215-216)
Francisco Núñez-Zarur and Ricardo Vivas-Reyes

Chapter 109 - On Sum Rules and Recurrence Relations for Matrix Elements in Relativistic Quantum Mechanics (pp. 217-218)
A. C. Ilarraza-Lomelí, M. N. Valdés-Martínez, A. L. Salas-Brito, R. P. Martinez-y-Romero and H. N. Núñez-Yépez

Chapter 110 - Supercooled Water: Contradiction to a Thermodynamic Relation (pp. 219-220)
I. A. Stepanov

Chapter 111 - Diffuse Neutron Scattering Study of Correlation Effects among Thermal Displacements of Atoms (pp. 221-222)
Takashi Sakuma, Xianglian, Hiroyuki Uehara and Saumya R. Mohapatra

Chapter 112- Small Angle Scattering Analysis of Virus-Like Particles for Biomedical Diagnostic Assays (pp. 223-224)
Susan Krueger, Janet L. Huie and Deborah A. Kuzmanovic

Chapter 113 - Small Angles Neutrons Scattering Application in Biological Materials (pp. 225-226)
Adel Aschi and Abdelhafidh Gharbi

Chapter 114 - Neutron Scattering in Skin Research (pp. 227-228)
Jarmila Zbytovská and Kateřina Vávrová

Chapter 115 - Precipitate Analysis of Microalloyed Steels Using Small Angle Neutron Scattering (pp. 229-230)
J. Barry Wiskel

Chapter 116 - Small Angle Neutron Scattering from Proteins in Solution (pp. 231-232)
Maria Grazia Ortore

Chapter 117 - Neutron and X-Ray Diffraction Studies of Nanoparticles Confined within Porous Media (pp. 233-234)
I. V. Golosovsky

Chapter 118 - Neutron Scattering from Solutions of Biological Macromolecules (pp. 235-236)
M. W. Roessle and D. I. Svergun

Chapter 119 - Elastic, Quasi Elastic and Inelastic Neutron Scattering Studies on Hydrogen-Bonded Systems of Biophysical Interest (pp. 237-238)
S. Magazù and F. Migliardo

Chapter 120 - The CD Spectra of Double-Stranded DNA Liquid-Crystalline Dispersions (pp. 239-240)
Yu. M. Yevdokimov, V. I. Salyano, S. G. Skuridin, S. V. Semenov, and O. N. Kompanets

Chapter 121 - Vibrational Circular Dichroism Studies of Biological Macromolecules and Their Complexes (pp. 241-242)
Alexander M. Polyanichko, Valery V. Andrushchenko, Petr Bouř and Helmut Wieser

Chapter 122 - Magnetic Circular Dichroism in Electron Microscopy (pp. 243-244)
Ján Rusz, Stefano Rubino, Klaus Leifer, Hans Lidbaum, Peter M. Oppeneer, Anders Johansson and Olle Eriksson

Chapter 123 - Application of Circular Dichroism to Lipoproteins: Structure, Stability and Remodeling of Good and Bad Cholesterol (pp. 245-246)
Xuan Gao, Shobini Jayaraman, Jeremiah Wally, Madhumita Guha, Mengxiao Lu, David Atkinson, and Olga Gursky

Chapter 124 - The Use of Circular Dichroism Methods to Monitor Unfolding Transitions in Peptides, Globular and Membrane Proteins (pp. 247-248)
Ernesto A. Roman, Javier Santos, F. Luis González Flecha

Chapter 125 - Ultrafast Time-resolved Circular Dichroism in a Pump-Probe Experiment (pp. 249-250)
François Hache

Chapter 126 - On the Utility of Circular Dichroism Spectropolarimetry in Assessing Protein Interactions with Nanoparticles (pp. 251-252)
V. Paston, O. A. Dommes, A. E. Tarasov

Chapter 127 - Investigation of Radiation-Induced Damages in DNA Structure by Circular Dichroism and UV Absorption Spectroscopy (pp. 253-254)
Michael J. W. Johnston, and Mary Alice Hefford

Chapter 128 - Magnetic Circular Dichroism Applied in the Study of Symmetry and Functional Properties of Porphyrinoids (pp. 255-256)
Iseli Lourenço Nantes, Frank Nelson Crespilho, Katia Cristina Ugolini Mugnol, Juliana Casares Araújo Chaves, Roberto Alves de Sousa Luz, Otaciro Rangel Nascimento and Sandra Marilia de Souza Pinto

Chapter 129 - Application of Circular Dichroism for Short Peptides as HIV-1 Inhibitors (pp. 257-258)
Kazuhide Miyamoto

Chapter 130 - The Circular Dichroism in X-Ray Absorption and X-Ray Photoelectron Spectra (pp. 259-260)
Takashi Fujikawa and Ikuko Hojo

Chapter 131 - Aromatic Side-Chain Contributions to Protein Circular Dichroism (pp. 261-262)
Robert W. Woody

Chapter 132 - Deposition of Polypyrrole Thin Films by Advanced Method - Matrix Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation (pp. 263-264)
Dušan Kopecký, Martin Vrňata, Přemysl Fitl and Filip Vysloužil

Chapter 133 - In-Situ Electrosynthesis of Polypyrrole Using Ionic Liquid and Its Application in Chemical Warfare Agent Simulant Sensing (pp. 265-266)
Garima Gupta, B. K. Tripathi, P. Pandey, M. Boopathi, Beer Singh and R. Vijayaraghavan

Chapter 134 - Processable Polypyrrole Pigments Based Polypyrrole/Al Flake Composite Materials for Corrosion Inhibition (pp. 267-268)
Christopher A. Vetter, Niteen Jadhav, Subramanyam V. Kasisomayajula and Victoria Johnston Gelling

Chapter 135 - The Influence of Solution pH on the Electrosynthesis and on the Properties of Polypyrrole Films (pp. 269-270)
I. L. Lehr, O. V. Quinzani and S. B. Saidman

Chapter 136 - Recent Advances in Synthesis of Polypyrrole Nanostructures (pp. 271-272)
Shubhra Goel

Chapter 137 - Immobilization of Enzymes on Polypyrrole and Potential Applications (pp. 273-274)
Shweta Singhal, D. C. Mukherjee and A. Bhattacharya

Chapter 138 - Preparation, Characterization and Gas Sensing Application of Novel Conducting Polypyrrole Composite Nanofibers (pp. 275-276)
Ying Wang, Yu Ding, Anthony La and Yu Lei

Chapter 139 - Polypyrrole: A New Patterning Approach and Applications (pp. 277-278)
Anirban Chakraborty, Xinchuan Liu, Rakesh Poddar and Cheng Luo

Chapter 140 Polypyrrole Coated Textiles: Properties, Performance and its Applications (pp. 279-280)
K. Firoz Babu and M. Anbu Kulandainathan

Chapter 141 - Polypyrrole Functionalized with Phthalocyanine Derivative: A Study of Kinetics Using Real-Time Spectroscopy and Properties (pp. 281-282)
Paul Santhosh and S. Radhakrishnan

Chapter 142 - Defects in Germanium: Theoretical Aspects (pp. 283-284)
A. Carvalho, J. Coutinho and R. Jones

Chapter 143 - Properties and Generation by Irradiation of Germanium Point Defects in Ge-Doped Silica (pp. 285-286)
A. Alessi, S. Agnello and F. M. Gelardi

Chapter 144 - Germanium Encaged Fullerene-Synthesis, Extraction, Theoretical Calculation and their Possible Application (pp. 287-288)
Debmalya Roy, B. Shastri, C. N. Ramachandran, B. K. Mishra, K. Mukhopadhyay, N. Sathyamurthy and K. U. Bhasker Rao

Chapter 145 - Change the Properties of Silicon and Germanium Structures with Films of Oxide and Fluoride Rare Earth Elements during External Impacts (pp. 289-290)
M. B. Shalimova and E. N. Khavdey

Chapter 146 - Applications of RF Sputtered GexSi1-x and GexSi1-xOy Thin Films for Uncooled Infrared Detectors (pp. 291-292)
Mukti M. Rana and Donald P. Butler

Chapter 147 - New Generation Germanium Detectors For Double Beta Decay Searches (pp. 293-294)
S. Cebrián

Chapter 148 - Growth of Ge Crystals with Extremely Low Dislocation Density (pp. 295-296)
Toshinori Taishi and Ichiro Yonenaga

Chapter 149 - Growth of Single and Mixed Alkali Earth Fluoride Crystals with Wide Application: Control of Crystallization Zone Contamination and Stability of Melt-Crystal Interface (pp. 297-298)
J. T. Mouchovski and B. Mullin

Chapter 150 - Fluoride Content in Central and Southeast Argentinean Groundwaters (pp. 299-300)
M. L.Gomez and O. M. Quiroz Londoño

Chapter 151- Fluoride in Groundwater: Causes, Implications and Mitigation Measures (pp. 301-302
K. Brindha and L. Elango

Chapter 152 - Occurrence, Distribution and Mechanism of Fluoride Release in Ground Water: A Case Study (pp. 303-304)
Mitali Sarkar, Aparna Banerjee, Partha Pratim Pramanick and Asit R. Sarkar

Chapter 153 - Fluoride Contamination of Water: Origin, Health Effects and Remediation Methods (pp. 305-306)
Sujata Mandal and S. Mayadevi

Chapter 154 - Fluoride in Groundwater in Nigeria: Origin and Health Impact (pp. 307-308)
U. A. Lar, H. Dibal and K. Schoeneich

Chapter 155 - Hydrochemical Characterization of Fluoride Rich Groundwater: A Case Study (pp. 309-310
Mouna Ketata, Moncef Gueddari and Rachida Bouhlila

Chapter 156 - The Reliability of the Grab Sample for the Determination of Fluoride in Potable Water Supplies (pp. 311-312)
J. A. Armstrong and S. A. Katz

Chapter 157 - Pulsed Laser Ablation and Deposition of Thin Films of Rare Earth Ions-Doped Fluorides (pp. 313-314)
P. Bicchi, M. Anwar-ul-Haq and S. Barsanti

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