Chapter 9. Synthesis, Antioxidant and Antibacterial Properties of Thiazolidine-4-Carboxylic Acid Derivatives


Rohidas M. Jagtap¹, Sachin S. Sakate¹, Satish K. Pardeshi² and Masood A. Rizvi³
¹Department of Chemistry, P. E. S. Modern College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Shivajinagar (Autonomous), Pune, MS, India
²Department of Chemistry, Savitribai Phule Pune University (Formerly University of Pune), Ganeshkhind, Pune, MS, India
³Department of Chemistry, University of Kashmir, Hazratbal, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Part of the book: Advances in Chemistry Research. Volume 76

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The natural α-amino acids are the ample chiral precursors for the target synthesis of variety of bioactive moieties. In the conversion of a α-amino acid to another bioactive molecule, the chirality of α carbon is maintained and a new chiral center with the different or retained stereochemistry is added to the parent structure. The thiazolidine class of the compounds are synthesized from L-Cysteine natural amino acid and exhibits a broad spectrum of the biological activities. L-Cysteine amino acid undergoes the nucleophilic cyclization with aliphatic and aromatic aldehydes to form diasteromeric (2R,4R)-2-alkyl/aryl thiazolidine-4-carboxylic acids and (2S,4R)-2-alkyl/aryl thiazolidine-4-carboxylic acids (2A-T4CA) respectively. In order to synthesize these chiral 2A-T4CA moieties, numerous efforts are deliberated by various worldwide research groups. The chronological developments of several synthetic protocols for the synthesis of T4CA derivatives along with the mechanistic investigations are summarized in the present chapter. There are several studies reported in the literature which are deliberated towards the antioxidant and antibacterial studies of these thiazolidine derivatives. These antioxidant and antibacterial studies are also conversed in this chapter in a structure-activity perspective.


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