Chapter 8. Organic Aquaculture for Sustainable Production


Barsha Sarkar, Balaram Sarkar and Jatindra N. Bhakta
Laboratory of Environmental and Bioresource Technology, Department of Ecological Studies and International Centre for Ecological Engineering, University of Kalyani, Kalyani, WB, India

Part of the book: Research Advancements in Organic Farming

Chapter DOI:


Organic aquaculture is usually known as the farming of aquatic organisms without the use of aquachemicals (antibiotics, pesticides, chemicals, chelating agents, fertilizers, etc.). It is nothing but an organic approach to sustainable aquafarming and has greater eco-friendly approaches compared to the conventional aquaculture methods, which have several adverse environmental impacts (such as – biodiversity degradation, environmental pollution, health risk, etc.). It is a comprehensive application to maximize productivity, efficiency and environmental sustainability. The emergence of organic fish farming is linked to growing consumer concerns about food quality and reliability, eco-labeling, health and welfare while reducing environmental potential threats. Compared to conventional aquaculture, organic aquaculture has a lower output rate due to concerns including a lack of certifying organizations, expensive products, proper transportation, advertising and marketing, among others. Although, some relevant researches are available, an up-to-date information on organic aquaculture is required. The present chapter attempted to draw an updated picture of the current advancement of organic aquaculture for sustainable production, considering the brief historical perspective, basic concept, organic profile of aquaculture, demand and future scope. Organic aquaculture has a tremendous possibility for development and significant potential in the near future as it has already attracted the interest of scientists and academic disciplines worldwide. The chapter summarily concludes that organic aquaculture has a potentially sustainable approach and has future scope to flourish for higher production and overall ecological sustainability.

 Keywords: sustainable farming, conventional aquaculture, environmental sustainability, global food supply, eco-labeling, health and welfare


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