Chapter 5. Myosin
Dominik Jaklik, Dorota Bartusik-Aebisher and David Aebisher
Medical College of The University of Rzeszów, Rzeszów, Poland
Part of the book: The Biochemical Guide to Proteins
Myosin is a protein widespread in living organisms it occurs in lower organisms: amoebas, nematodes, fungi, but also in plants and animals. So far, over a dozen classes of myosin have been discovered that are involved in processes such as: the conversion of electrical signals into a nerve impulse, exocytic and endocytic transport, cell division, transport of cytoplasm between cells, contraction of muscle cells. Type II myosin is the one that is responsible for the possibility of muscle cell contraction, thanks to the ability to hydrolyze ATP and bind to actin.
Keywords: myosins, phototransduction, endocytic transport, cell division, muscle cell, amoebas, nematodes, fungi
Bugyi B, Kengyel A. Myosin XVI. Adv Exp Med Biol, 2020; 1239:405-419.
Guhathakurta P, Prochniewicz E, Thomas DD. Actin-Myosin Interaction: Structure,
Function and Drug Discovery. Int J Mol Sci, 2018; 19(9):2628.
Schröder RR. The Structure of Acto-Myosin. Adv Exp Med Biol, 2020; 1239:41-59.
Squire J. Special Issue: The Actin-Myosin Interaction in Muscle: Background and
Overview. Int J Mol Sci, 2019; 20(22):5715.
Sweeney HL, Houdusse A, Robert-Paganin J. Myosin Structures. Adv Exp Med Biol, 2020;
Titus MA. Myosin-Driven Intracellular Transport. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol, 2018;