Chapter 5. Modified Hydroxyapatite Applications in Catalysis: A Review
Kathlen C. E. S. Yokoo, MD, Felipe Baião Ferreira, MD, Valéria Stephanny Oliveira Amorim, MD, and Gustavo Paim Valença, PhD
Laboratory for the Study of Adsorptive and Catalytic Processes (LEPAC), School of Chemical Engineering, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, Brazil
Part of the book: What to Know about Hydroxyapatite
Hydroxyapatite (HAP, Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2) and its applications in catalysis have attracted considerable attention in recent years. Mild acid and basic sites uniformly distributed on the surface of HAP makes it an attractive solid catalyst for condensation reactions with high conversion, selectivity, and stability. Thus, HAP is the subject of increasing interest in producing chemicals from oxygenated molecules such as ethanol. This chapter addresses the various modified hydroxyapatites applications in catalysis. The first part of the review will include HAP as a catalyst totally or partially substituted with different ions. The unique structure of HAP allows it to accept many anionic and cationic substituents. The second part will present HAP as the active phase support. Different metals supported on HAP showed improvement in the many catalytic reactions. More recent findings and the current challenges owing to the development of modified hydroxyapatite are summarized.
Keywords: hydroxyapatite, modified apatites, catalysis
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