Chapter 5. Equestrian Tura: A Forgotten Traditional Game in Anatolia
Muş Alparslan University, Muş- Turkey and Kyrgyzstan-Turkey
Manas University, Traditional Game and Sports Research Application Center, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
Part of the book: Applications of Traditional Equestrian Sports in the World
The horse, as in the formation of the Turkish steppe nomadic culture, was the main action in the determination, development, and transfer of sports tradition to other cultures. There have been those that are still being done, those on the verge of being forgotten, and those that are forgotten. In this study, the “horse riding tour” in the third class will be examined. The purpose of this study is to record and present it as a written document to at least future generations. Horse tura was played at the village weddings played Afşin, Elbistan, and Göksun of Kahramanmaraş, Sarız of Kayseri, Akçadağ, and Darende of Malatya, Gürün districts of Sivas. Methot: aceto-face interviews (live interviews) and document scanning methods were used in the study. Five men and five women were interviewed and the literature was reviewed. The tour game, which was an integral part of social ceremonies in the past; rituals such as invitations, music, awards, and categories were examined under titles. Result: two versions of the game “naked collision” and “liver collision” were found in Kyrgyzstan. It has been determined that the game of horse riding is played in the ceremonies of marriage and circumcision, accompanied by Khidr-nebi, ramming, harvest compilation, spring, and national holidays. It has been found that this game has been played intensively until the 1940s in the city of Elbistan; until the 1970s in Kahramanmaras, Afşin, and Göksun districts, villages on the skirts of Binboğa Mountain.
Keywords: traditional sports, attitudes game, Tura
Alektorov, E.A. (1888/1967). Prazdniçniye razvlecheniya i Kırgızov. Ovenburg Listesi,
1888, no: 42.
Aytmambetov, D. (1967). Kultura Kirgizskogo norada vo vtoroy polovine XIX-naçale XX
veka [Culture of the Kyrgyz Norada in the middle of the 19th century]. Frunze: Nauk.
Devellioğlu, F. (1993). Osmanlıca – Türkçe Ansiklopedik Lügat [Ottoman – Turkish
Encyclopedic Dictionary]. 13. Baskı, Haz. Aydın Sami, Ankara: Aydın Kitabevi
Yayınları. Adorno, Theodor (1982). Prisms. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press
Divaev, A.A. (1907). İgri v Proşlih u Kirgizskoy Molodgoji. Türkistankiye Vedomosti, Ak ÇAR- Taşkent. Grodekov, N.İ (1899).
Kırgızi i Karakirgizi Sırdaryinskoy oblasti. C
(+) 1, Taşkent: Yuridiçeskiy bit.
Kuzhugeta, K.V. (2017). Traditsionnyye vidy sporta i sostyazaniya u tuvintsev muzhchin.
Kızıl: Tuvinskiy Istoricheskiy fakultet otechestvennoy. Oynoshev, M., P. Chochkina
(2016). Altayskiye narodnyye igry. Gorno-Altaysk: ÇP Orekhov
Ömürzakov, D., Musin, Y. (1973). Kirgizki noradnie igri. Frunze: Mekteb. Ömürzakov, D.
(1956). Fiziçeskaya kultura i sport v kirgizskoy, Frunze: SSR.
Parlatır, İ. (1999). Türk Dil Kurumunda Sözlük Çalışmaları [Dictionary Studies in the
Turkish Language Association]. Türk Dili Dil ve Edebiyât Dergisi, C: 1999/I, S: 568, s. 270-284.
Rojdestvenskiy, P.A. (1928). Kırgiziskiye natsionalnıye sport i igri [Kırgiziskiye national sport and games], Frunze: SSR.
Turkman M., Useev N. (2019). The Historical Background of Kyrgyz Traditional Sports.
Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi/The Journal of International Social
Research, Volume: 12 Issue: 66: 1486-1491.
Turkman, M & Özmaden, H. (2000). Kırgızlarda Popülerliğini Yitirmiş Geleneksel
Binicilik Sporları ile Türkiye’deki Versiyonları [Traditional Equestrian Sports That
Have Lost Their Popularity in the Kyrgyz People and Their Versions in Turkey]. Gâzi
Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi (Gâzi BESBD), V.2: 43- 66.
Turkman, M. (2013). Opinios about Kirgiz traditional equestrian sports. Vestnik Fiziçeskoy
Kulturi i Sporta, Volume (İssue) No: 1- (9), pp. 74-79 Turkman, M. (1996). Türklerde
Geleneksel Atlı Sporların Yapılışı, Kaynağı ve Bilinmeyen Yeni Boyutları.
Yayınlanmamış Doktora Tezi, Marmara Üniversitesi, SBE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Anabilim Dalı.
Turkman, M. İmamoğlu, O. Ziyagil M.A. (2006). Popularity of the Wrestling sport in
Turkey and it’s comparison with the selected sports. Researches About the Turks All
Around the World, 163, 77-94 pp.