Chapter 4. Waste Plastic Fiber Reinforced Foamed Gypsum


S. A. Yildizel1, PhD and Y. Dikiciasik1, PhD
1Department of Civil Engineering, Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University, Karaman, Turkey

Part of the book: Gypsum: Sources, Uses and Properties


This study deals with the effect of waste plastic fiber inclusion on the mechanical and some durability properties of foamed gypsum. Fibers were added to specimens with ratios of 0.25%, 0.50%, 0.75% and 1.00% by weight of foamed gypsum. The microscale properties of composite were also determined utilizing scanning electron microscopy. The result showed that incorporating waste plastic fibers decreased the workability of foamed gypsum. Furthermore, foamed gypsum samples up with 0.75% plastic fibers achieved the highest flexural and compressive strengths. The water absorption of the specimens also increased with increasing fibers.

Keywords: waste fiber, waste plastic fiber, gypsum, foamed gypsum


Agustini Ni Komang Ayu, Triwiyono Andreas, Sulistyo Djoko and Suyitno S. 2021. “Mechanical Properties and Thermal Conductivity of Fly Ash-Based Geopolymer Foams with Polypropylene Fibers”. Applied Sciences (Switzerland). 11 (11).
Ahmed Hemn Unis, Rabar H Faraj, Nahla Hilal, Azad A Mohammed and Aryan Far H Sherwani. 2021. “Use of Recycled Fibers in Concrete Composites: A Systematic Comprehensive Review”. Composites Part B: Engineering. j.compositesb.2021.108769.
Al-Adili A, Salim NM and Al-Soudany KY. 2019. “Response of Soft Soil Mixing with Recycled Gypsum (Plasterboard) as Stabilized Agent for Soil underneath Oil Tank as a Case Study”. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. Vol 579.
Almeshal Ibrahim, Bassam A Tayeh, Rayed Alyousef, Hisham Alabduljabbar, Abdeliazim Mustafa Mohamed and Abdulaziz Alaskar. 2020. “Use of Recycled Plastic as Fine Aggregate in Cementitious Composites: A Review”. Construction and Building Materials. j.conbuildmat.2020.119146.
Alyousef Rayed, Waqas Ahmad, Ayaz Ahmad, Fahid Aslam, Panuwat Joyklad and Hisham Alabduljabbar. 2021. “Potential Use of Recycled Plastic and Rubber Aggregate in Cementitious Materials for Sustainable Construction: A Review”. Journal of Cleaner Production. j.jclepro.2021.129736.
Asokan P, Osmani M and Price ADF. 2009. “Assessing the Recycling Potential of Glass Fibre Reinforced Plastic Waste in Concrete and Cement Composites”. Journal of Cleaner Production. 17 (9).
ASTM-International. 2003. “C 472 – Standard Test Methods for Physical Testing of Gypsum, Gypsum Plasters and Gypsum Concrete”. Annual Book of ASTM Standards. 04 (August).
Awoyera Paul O, Oladimeji B. Olalusi and Nkay Iweriebo. 2021. “Physical, Strength, and Microscale Properties of Plastic Fiber-Reinforced Concrete Containing Fine Ceramics Particles”. Materialia. 15. j.mtla.2020.100970.
Calis Gokhan, Sadik Alper Yildizel, Selin Erzin and Bassam A. Tayeh. 2021. “Evaluation and Optimisation of Foam Concrete Containing Ground Calcium Carbonate and Glass Fibre (Experimental and Modelling Study)”. Case Studies in Construction Materials. 15. j.cscm.2021.e00625.
Corbu Ofelia, Dan V Bompa and Henriette Szilagyi. 2021. “Eco-Efficient Cementitious Composites with Large Amounts of Waste Glass and Plastic”. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Engineering Sustainability. jensu.20.00048.
Demir Ismail and Baspinar M. Serhat 2008. “Effect of Silica Fume and Expanded Perlite Addition on the Technical Properties of the Fly Ash-Lime-Gypsum Mixture”. Construction and Building Materials. 22 (6). 10.1016/ j.conbuildmat.2007.01.011.
Du Zhenxing, Wei She, Wenqiang Zuo, Jinxiang Hong, Yunsheng Zhang and Changwen Miao. 2020. “Foamed Gypsum Composite with Heat-Resistant Admixture under High Temperature: Mechanical, Thermal and Deformation Performances”. Cement and Concrete Composites. 108. 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2020.103549.
Escudero Adrián, Palacio Sara, Maestre Fernando T and Luzuriaga Arantzazu L. 2015. “Plant Life on Gypsum: A Review of Its Multiple Facets”. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. brv.12092.
European Committee for Standardization (CEN). 1999. “EN 1015-11: Methods of Test for Mortar for Masonry – Part 11: Determination of Flexural and Compressive Strength of Hardened Mortar”. European Committee for Standardization. 2008. “EN 13279-1 Gypsum Binders and Gypsum Plasters – Part 1: Definitions and Requirements”. European Committee for Standardization.
European Committee for Standardization Standard. 2014. “EN 13279-2:2014. Gypsum Binders and Gypsum Plasters – Part 2: Test Methods”. European Committee for Standardization Standard EN 13279-2.
Ghazi Wakili K, Hugi E, Wullschleger L and Frank Th. 2007. “Gypsum Board in Fire – Modeling and Experimental Validation”. Journal of Fire Sciences. 25 (3).
Hou Li, Jun Li, Zhongyuan Lu and Yunhui Niu. 2021. “Influence of Foaming Agent on Cement and Foam Concrete”. Construction and Building Materials. 280.
Iucolano Fabio, Boccarusso Luca and Langella Antonio. 2019. “Hemp as Eco-Friendly Substitute of Glass Fibres for Gypsum Reinforcement: Impact and Flexural Behaviour”. Composites Part B: Engineering. 175. 10.1016/ j.compositesb.2019.107073.
Kovler K. 1998. “Strength and Water Absorption for Gypsum-Cement-Silica Fume Blends of Improved Performance”. Advances in Cement Research. 10 (2). 10.1680/adcr.1998.10.2.81.
Liu Yangyang, Yihe Zhang, Yuxi Guo, Chu Paul K and Shuchen Tu. 2017. “Porous Materials Composed of Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum and Textile Fiber Wastes”. Waste and Biomass Valorization. 8 (1).
Marzouk O Yazoghli, Dheilly RM and Queneudec M. 2007. “Valorization of Post-Consumer Waste Plastic in Cementitious Concrete Composites”. Waste Management. 27 (2).
Mohammadhosseini Hossein, Rayed Alyousef and Mahmood Md Tahir. 2021. “Towards Sustainable Concrete Composites through Waste Valorisation of Plastic Food Trays as Low-Cost Fibrous Materials”. Sustainability (Switzerland). 13 (4).
Mohammadhosseini Hossein, Mahmood Md Tahir, Rayed Alyousef, Hisham Alabduljabbar and Mostafa Samadi. 2019. “Effect of Elevated Temperatures on Properties of Sustainable Concrete Composites Incorporating Waste Metalized Plastic Fibres”. SN Applied Sciences. 1 (11). 10.1007/s42452-019-1587-9.
Pablo Ojeda Juan. 2021. “A Meta-Analysis on the Use of Plastic Waste as Fibers and Aggregates in Concrete Composites”. Construction and Building Materials.
Rahmanian I and Wang YC. 2012. “A Combined Experimental and Numerical Method for Extracting Temperature-Dependent Thermal Conductivity of Gypsum Boards”. Construction and Building Materials. 26 (1). j.conbuildmat.2011.06.078.
Raj Bhagyasree, Dhanya Sathyan, Mini K Madhavan and Amritha Raj. 2020. “Mechanical and Durability Properties of Hybrid Fiber Reinforced Foam Concrete”. Construction and Building Materials. 245. 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.118373.
Sule Jibrin, Sule Enmanuel, Ismaila Joseph, Osagie Ibhadobe, Alfred Buba Y, Waziri Farida Idris and Sunny Emeson. 2017. “Use of Waste Plastics in Cement-Based Composite for Lightweight Concrete Production”. International Journal of Research in Engineering Technology. 2 (5).
Tichonov Jury and Inchik Vsevolod. 2013. “Fire-Retarding Compositions on Gypsum Binders with the Use of Mineral High-Porous Aggregates and Fiber Fillers”. World Applied Sciences Journal. 23 (13). 90028.
Vimmrová Alena, Keppert Martin, Michalko Ondrej and Černý Robert. 2014. “Calcined Gypsum-Lime-Metakaolin Binders: Design of Optimal Composition”. Cement and Concrete Composites. 52. 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2014.05.011.
Wu Yu Fei. 2004. “The Effect of Longitudinal Reinforcement on the Cyclic Shear Behavior of Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum Wall Panels: Tests”. Engineering Structures. 26 (11). j.engstruct.2004.06.009.
Yildizel Sadik Alper. 2018. “Mechanical Performance of Glass Fiber Reinforced Composites Made with Gypsum, Expanded Perlite, and Silica Sand”. Revista Romana de Materiale/Romanian Journal of Materials. 48 (2): 229-35.


Publish with Nova Science Publishers

We publish over 800 titles annually by leading researchers from around the world. Submit a Book Proposal Now!