Publish with Nova Science Publishers
We publish over 800 titles annually by leading researchers from around the world. Submit a Book Proposal Now!
Ellen C. Giese
Center for Mineral Technology, CETEM, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Part of the book: What to Know about Lanthanum
Biosorption is a cost-effective and simple technique for removing heavy metals and rare earth elements from an aqueous solution. Biosorption has also been considered a highly relevant green technology for replacing conventional unit operations of extractive metallurgy, viz. precipitation, liquid-liquid, solid-liquid extraction, and ion exchange. Biosorption is a physicochemical and metabolically-independent biological process based on various mechanisms, including absorption, adsorption, ion exchange, surface complexation, and precipitation, representing a biotechnological, cost-effective, innovative way for the recovery of lanthanum from aqueous solutions. This mini-review provides an overview and current scenario of biosorption technologies existing to recover lanthanum, seeking to address the possibilities of using a biotechnological approach for the recovery and separation of this high valued element in the REE production chain.
Keywords: lanthanum, biosorption, biosorbents
Andrès, Y., Thouand, G., Boualam, M. and Mergeay, M. (2000) Factors influencing the
biosorption of gadolinium by micro-organisms and its mobilisation from sand. Applied
Microbiology and Biotechnology, 54:262-267.
Asadollahzadeh, M., Torkaman, R. and Torab-Mostaedi, M. (2020) Study on the feasibility
of using a pilot plant Scheibel extraction column for the extraction and separation of
lanthanum and cerium from aqueous solution. Korean Journal of Chemistry
Ballinger, B., Schmeda-Lopez, D., Kefford, B., Parkinson, B., Stringer, M., Greig, C. and
Smart, S. (2020) The vulnerability of electric-vehicle and wind-turbine supply chains
to the supply of rare-earth elements in a 2-degree scenario. Sustainable Production
and Consumption, 22:68-76.
Bergsten-Torralba, L. R., Nascimento, C. R. S., Buss, D. F. and Giese, E. C. (2021) Kinetics
and equilibrium study for the biosorption of lanthanum by Penicillium simplicissimum
INCQS 40,211. 3 Biotech 11:460.
Birungi, Z. S. and Chirwa, E. M. N. (2013) Phytoremediation of lanthanum using algae
from eutrophic freshwater sources. Proceedings of the Water Environment
Birungi, Z. S. and Chirwa, E. M. N. (2014) The kinetics of uptake and recovery of
lanthanum using freshwater algae as biosorbents: Comparative analysis. Bioresource
Butnariu, M., Negrea, P., Lupa, L., Ciopec, M., Negrea, A., Pentea, M., Sarac, I. and
Samfira, I. (2015) Remediation of rare earth element pollutants by sorption process
using organic natural sorbents. International Journal of Environmental Research
Public Health 12:11278-11287.
Cejpková, J., Gryndler, M., Hršelová, H., Kotrba, P., Řanda, Z., Synková, I. and Borovička,
J. (2016) Bioaccumulation of heavy metals, metalloids, and chlorine in
ectomycorrhizae from smelter-polluted area. Environmental Pollution 218:176-185.
Chen, Q. (2010) Study on the adsorption of lanthanum (III) from aqueous solution by
bamboo charcoal. Journal of Rare Earths 28:125-131.
Coey, J. M. D. (2020) Perspective and prospects for rare earth permanent magnets.
Coimbra, N. V., Gonçalves, F. S., Nascimento, M. and Giese, E. C. (2019) Study of
adsorption isotherm models on rare earth elements biosorption for separation
purposes. International Scholarly and Scientific Research & Innovation 13:200-203.
Coimbra, N. V., Nascimento, M. and Giese, E. C. (2017) Avaliação do uso de biomassa
bacteriana imobilizada na biossorção de terras-raras leves e médias. Holos 6:136-146.
Croft, C. F., Almeida, M. I. G. S., Cattrall, R. W. and Kolev, S. D. (2018) Separation of
lanthanum (III), gadolinium (III) and ytterbium (III) from sulfuric acid solutions by
using a polymer inclusion membrane. Journal of Membrane Science 545:259-265.
Das, D., Varshini, C. J. S. and Das, N. (2014) Recovery of lanthanum (III) from aqueous
solution using biosorbents of plant and animal origin: batch and column studies.
Mineral Engineering, 69:40-56.
Davis, T. A., Volesky, B. and Mucci, A. (2003) A review of the biochemistry of heavy
metal biosorption by brown algae. Water Research 37:4311-4330.
Dermibas, A. (2008) Heavy metal adsorption onto agro-based waste materials: A review.
Journal of Harzadous Materials 157:220-229.
Di Caprio, F., Altimari, P., Zanni, E., Uccelletti, D., Toro, L. and Pagnanelli, F. (2016)
Lanthanum biosorption by different Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains. Chemical
Engineering Transactions 49:37-42.
Diniz, V. and Volesky, B. (2005a) Biosorption of La, Eu and Yb using Sargassum biomass.
Water Research 39:239-247.
Diniz, V. and Volesky, B. (2005b) Effect of counterions on lanthanum biosorption by
Sargassum polycystum. Water Research, v. 39, n. 11, p. 2229-2236, 2005b.
Giese, E. C. (2019a) Challenges of biohydrometallurgy in the circular economy. Insights
in Mining, Science and Technology 1:123.
Giese, E. C. (2019b) Prospecção de tecnologias relacionadas ao processo de biossorção de
metais. Revista GEINTEC: Gestão, Inovação e Tecnologias 9:5046-5057.
Giese, E. C. (2020a) Biosorption as green technology for the recovery and separation of
rare earth elements. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 36:52.
Giese, E. C. (2020b) Mining applications of immobilized microbial cells in alginate matrix:
an overview. Revista Internacional de Contaminación Ambiental 36:775-787.
Giese, E. C. (2021) Assessment of the potential for the use of rare earths in biomaterials
through patent analysis. RECIMA21 – Revista Científica Multidisciplinar 2:e27590.
Giese, E. C. (2022a) E-waste mining and the transition toward a bio-based economy: The
case of lamp phosphor powder. MRS Energy & Sustainability s43581.
Giese, E. C. (2022b) Strategic minerals: global challenges post-COVID-19. The Extractive
Industries and Society 101113.
Giese, E. C. (2022c) Natural biosorbents for lanthanides recovery. Industrial Biotechnology
Giese, E. C. and Jordão, C. S. (2019) Biosorption of lanthanum and samarium by
chemically modified Bacillus subtilis free cells. Applied Water Science 9:182.
Giese, E. C., Barbosa, A. M. and Dekker, R. F. H. (2019) Biosorption of lanthanum and
samarium by viable and autoclaved mycelium of Botryosphaeria rhodina MAMB-05.
Biotechnology Progress 36:e2783.
Giese, E. C; Silva, D. D. V., Costa, A. F. M., Almeida, S. G. C. and Dussan, K. J. (2020)
Immobilized microbial nanoparticles for biosorption. Critical Reviews in
Goecke, F., Zachleder, V. and Vítová, M. (2015) Rare earth elements and algae:
physiological effects, biorefinery and recycling. In: Algal Biorefineries. Springer
International Publishing, p. 339-363.
Heidelmann, G. P., Egler, S. G. and Giese, E. C. (2022) Lanthanides biosorption by
immobilized microalgae using statistical design. International Journal of Chemistry
Heidelmann, G. P., Roldao, T. M., Egler, S. G., Nascimento, M. and Giese, E. C. (2017)
Uso de biomassa de microalga para biossorção de lantanídeos. Holos 6:170-179.
Hussien, S. S. (2014) Biosorption of lanthanum on Pleurotus ostreatus basidiocarp.
International Journal of Biomedical Research 26-36.
Iftekhar, S., Ramasamy, D. L., Srivastava, V. and Asif, M. B. Silanpää. (2018)
Understanding the factors affecting the adsorption of lanthanum using different
adsorbents: A critical review. Chemosphere 204:413-430.
Iqbal, M. J. and Ashiq, M. N. (2007) Adsorption of dyes from aqueous solutions on
activated charcoal. Journal of Hazardous Materials 139:57-66.
Jyothi, R. K., Thenepalli, T., Ahn, J. W., Parhi, P. K., Chung, K. W. and Lee, J-Y. (2020)
Review of rare earth elements recovery from secondary resources for clean energy
technologies: Grand opportunities to create wealth from waste. Journal of Cleaner
Kano, N. (2013) Biosorption of lanthanides using select marine biomass. Engineering
“Biomass Now – Sustainable Growth and Use.” Rijeka: Intech Open, p. 101-124.
Kim, J. A., Dodbiba, G., Tanimura, Y., Mitsuhashi, K., Fukuda, N., Okaya, K., Matsuo, S.
and Fujita, T. (2011) Leaching of rare-earth elements and their adsorption by using
blue-green algae. Materials Transactions 52:1799-1806.
Klinger, J. M. (2018) Rare earth elements: Development, sustainability and policy issues.
The Extractive Industries and Society 5:1-7.
Korenevsky, A. A., Sorokin, V. V. and Karavaiko, G. I. (1999) Biosorption of rare earth
elements. Process Mettalurgy 9:299-306.
Kütahyali, C., Sert, Ş., Cetinkaya, B., Inan, S. and Eral, M. (2010) Factors affecting
lanthanum and cerium biosorption on Pinus brutia leaf powder. Separation Science
and Technology 45:1456-1462.
Martinez, R. E., Pourret, O. and Takahashi, Y. (2014) Modeling of rare earth element
sorption to the Gram-positive Bacillus subtilis bacteria surface. Journal of Colloid and
Interface Science 413:106-111.
Merroun, M. L., Ben Chekroun, K., Arias, J. M. and Gonzalez-Muñoz, M. T. (2003)
Lanthanum fixation by Myxococcus xanthus: cellular location and extracellular
polysaccharide observation. Chemosphere 52:113-120.
Mordor Intelligence. Rare earth elements market – growth, trends, Covid-19 impact, and
forecasts (2022-2027). https://www.mordorintelligence.com/industry-reports/rare earth-elements-market.
Ngwenya, B., Mosselmans, J. F. W., Magennis, M., Atkinson, K. D., Tourney, J., Olive, V.
and Ellam, R. M. (2009) Macroscopic and spectroscopic analysis of lanthanide
adsorption to bacterial cells. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 73:3134-3147.
Oliveira, R. C. and Garcia Jr, O. (2009) Study of biosorption of rare earth metals (La, Nd,
Eu, Gd) by Sargassum sp. biomass in batch systems: physicochemical evaluation of
kinetics and adsorption models. Advanced Materials Research 71:605-608.
Oliveira, R. C., Guibal, E. and Garcia, O. (2012) Biosorption and desorption of lanthanum
(III) and neodymium (III) in fixed‐bed columns with Sargassum sp.: Perspectives for
separation of rare earth metals. Biotechnology Progress 28:715-722.
Palmieri, M. C. and Garcia, O. (2011) Biosorption of erbium and ytterbium using biomass
of microorganisms. Process Metallurgy, v. 11, p. 137-144, 2011.
Palmieri, M. C., Volesky, B. and Garcia, O. (2001) Biosorption of lanthanum using
Sargassum fluitans in batch system. Hydrometallurgy 67:31-36.
Philip, L., Iyengar, L. and Venkobachar, C. (2000) Biosorption of U, La, Pr, Nd, Eu and
Dy by Pseudonomas aeruginosa. Journal of Industrial Microbiology and
Sert, Ş., Kütahyali, C., İnan, S., Talip, Z., Çetinkaya, B. and Eral, M. (2008) Biosorption of
lanthanum and cerium from aqueous solutions by Platanus orientalis leaf powder.
Souza, A. C. S. P., Nascimento, M. and Giese, E. C. (2019) Desafios para a extração
sustentável de minérios portadores de terras raras. Holos 1:1-9.
Takahashi, Y., Chatellier, T. X., Hattori, K. H., Kato, K. and Fortin, D. (2005) Adsorption
of rare earth elements onto bacterial cell walls and its implication for REE sorption
onto natural microbial mats. Chemical Geology 219:53-67.
Takahashi, Y., Yamamoto, M., Yamamoto, Y. and Tanaka, K. (2010) EXAFS study on the
cause of enrichment of heavy REEs on bacterial cell surfaces. Geochimica et
Cosmochimica Acta 74:5443-5462.
Texier, A. C., Andrès, Y., Faur-Brasquet, C. and Le Cloireç, P. (1999) Selective biosorption
of lanthanide (La, Eu, Yb) ions by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Environmental Science
and Technology 33:489-495.
Texier, A. C., Andrès, Y., Faur-Brasquet, C. and Le Cloireç, P. Fixed-bed study for
lanthanide (La, Eu, Yb) ions removal from aqueous solutions by immobilized
Pseudonomas aeruginosa: experimental data and modelization. Chemosphere, v. 47,
n. 3, p. 333-342, 2002.
Torab-Mostaedi, M. (2013) Biosorption of lanthanum and cerium from aqueous solutions
using tangerine (Citrus reticulata) peel: equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic
studies. The Chemical Industry & Chemical Engineering Quarterly 19:79-88.
Torab-Mostaedi, M., Asadollahzadeh, M. and Hemmati, A. (2015) Biosorption of
lanthanum and cerium from aqueous solutions by grapefruit peel: equilibrium, kinetic
and thermodynamic studies. Research on Chemical Intermediates 41:559-573.
Tsuruta, T. (2006) Bioaccumulation of uranium and thorium from the solution containing
both elements using various microorganisms. Journal of Alloys and Compounds,
Tsuruta, T. (2007) Accumulation of rare earth elements in various microorganisms. Journal
of Rare Earths 25:526-532.
Varshini, C. J. S. and Das, N. (2014) Relevant approach to assess the performance of
Biowaste materials for the recovery of lanthanum (III) from aqueous medium.
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences 5:88-94.
Vijayaraghavan, K. and Balasubramanian, R. (2015) Is biosorption suitable for
decontamination of metal-bearing wastewaters? A critical review on the state-of-the art of biosorption processes and future directions. Journal of Environmental
Vijayaraghavan, K. and Yun, Y. S. (2008) Bacterial biosorbents and biosorption.
Biotechnology Advances 26:266-291.
Vijayaraghavan, K., Mahadevan, A. Joshi, U. M. and Balasubramanian, R. (2009) An
examination of the uptake of lanthanum from aqueous solution by crab shell particles.
Chemical Engineering Journal 152:116-121.
Vijayaraghavan, K., Sathishkumar, M. and Balasubramanian, R. (2010) Biosorption of
lanthanum, cerium, europium, and ytterbium by a brown marine alga, Turbinaria
conoides. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 49:4405-4411.
Vijayaraghavan, K., Sathishkumar, M. and Balasubramanian, R. (2011) Interaction of rare
earth elements with a brown marine alga in multi-component solutions. Desalination
Xu, S., Zhang, S., Chen, K., Han, J., Liu, H. and Wu, K. (2011) Biosorption of La3+ and
Ce3+ by Agrobacterium sp. HN1. Journal of Rare Earths 29:265-270.
We publish over 800 titles annually by leading researchers from around the world. Submit a Book Proposal Now!