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Dheeraj Singh Chauhan¹,², M. A. Quraishi³, Chandrabhan Verma³ and V. S. Saji³
¹Modern National Chemicals, Second Industrial City, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
²Center of Research Excellence in Corrosion, Research Institute, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
³Interdisciplinary Research Center for Advanced Materials, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
Part of the book: Pyrimidines and their Importance
Heterocyclic molecules containing nitrogen are extensively studied as corrosion inhibitors due to their capability to form strong coordination bonds with metallic atoms. The excellent corrosion protection action of pyrimidine derivatives can be attributed to the presence of electron-withdrawing and electron-donating substituents that allow an improved protection performance compared to that of the parent pyrimidine molecule. Computational studies have provided evidence that the pyrimidine-based molecules undergo donor-acceptor type interactions with metallic substrates. In general, the organic corrosion inhibitors undergo a mixed-type of adsorption behavior, and their adsorption follows the Langmuir isotherm. This chapter presents an overview of pyrimidine-based molecules as corrosion inhibitors for metals and alloys in a variety of corrosive environments.
Keywords: diazines, pyrimidines, heterocycles, corrosion inhibitor, adsorption
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