Chapter 4. Punitive Populism and Disinformation as Legacies of Duterte


Ma. Diosa Labiste
University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines

Part of the book: Authoritarian Disaster: The Duterte Regime and the Prospects for a Marcos Presidency


ABS-CBN. (2016). “After Duterte Tirade, Palace now Seeks Dialogue with Church.” ABS CBN. January 20. Available at tirade-palace-now-seeks-dialogue-with-church.
Avendaño, Christine and Tina Santos. (2017). “Fake News is a Sin, say Bishops.” June 23. Available at sin-say-bishops.
Baltan, Angela. (2018). “ABS-CBN Prepares for President Rodrigo Duterte Renewal
Threat.” MSN. December 12. Available at’s-renewal-threats/ar BBRkTf0.
BBC. (2016). “Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte in Quotes.” BBC. September 30.
Available at
Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines. (2017). “Consecrate them in the Truth: A
Pastoral Exhortation Against Fake News.” CBCP News, June 21. Available at
Center for Media Freedom and Responsibility. (2016). “Knowing Your Source: Think
Before You Click.” CMFR. October 4. Available at
De Vreese, Claes H. (2017). “Political Journalism in a Populist Age.” Shorenstein Center
on Media, Politics, and Public Policy. December 11, 2017. Available at
Egelhofer, Jana Laura and Sophie Lecheler. (2019). “Fake News as a Two-Dimensional
Phenomenon: A Framework and Research Agenda.” Annals of the International
Communication Association, 43(2), 97-116.
Ellis-Petersen, Hannah. (2018). “Rodrigo Duterte to Pull Philippines out of International
Criminal Court.” March 14. The Guardian. Available at
Fuchs, Christian. (2018). Digital Demagogue: Authoritarian Capitalism in the age of
Trump and Twitter. London: Pluto Press.
Gleicher, Nathaniel. (2019). Removing Coordinated Inauthentic Behavior from the
Philippines. March 28. Available at from-the-philippines/.
Hameleers, Michael. (2022). Populist Disinformation in Fragmented Information Settings;
Understanding the Nature and Persuasiveness of Populist and Post-factual
Communication. London and New York: Routledge.
Karapatan. (2018). Duterte’s Choice: The Tyrant Emerged: 2017 Karapatan Year-End
Report on the Human Rights Situation in the Philippines. Quezon City: Karapatan.
Available at 20Report%20(WEB).pdf.
Kellner, Douglas. (2016). American Nightmare: Donald Trump, Media Spectacle, and
Authoritarian Populism. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.
Laclau, Ernesto. (1977). Politics and Ideology in Marxist Theory: Capitalism, Fascism, and
Populism. New York: Verso.
Laser, David et al. (2018). “The Science of Fake News: Addressing Fake News Requires a
Multidisciplinary Effort,” Science, 356(6380), 1094-1096.
Madrid, Raul L. (2019). “The Emergence of Ethno-populism in Latin America” In
Routledge Handbook of Global Populism, 163-175. Edited by Carlos de la Torre.
New York: Routledge.
Norris, Pippa, and Ronald Inglehart. (2019). Cultural Backlash: Trump, Brexit, and
Authoritarian Populism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
O’Grady, Siobhan. (2018). “Most of the Philippines is Catholic – and Duterte said Catholic
Bishops Should be Killed.” The Washington Post. December 8. Available at duterte-said-catholic-bishops-should-be-killed/.
Official Gazette. (2016). “Rodrigo Roa Duterte, First State of the Nation Address.” Official
Gazette. July 25, 2016. Available at
Perez-Rubio, Bella. (2020). “Days after the ABS-CBN Shutdown, Duterte Celebrates
‘Dismantling the Oligarchy.” Philstar. July 14. Available at duterte-celebrates-dismantling-oligarchy.
Philippine Daily Inquirer. (2016). “Kill the Criminals! Duterte’s Vote-Winning Vow.” March 16. Available at criminals-dutertes-vote-inning-vow.
Philrights. (2021). “The Killing State: Remembering is Resistance.” Available at
Placido, Dharel. (2018). “Duterte Slams Rappler Anew, Says it Peddles Fake News.”
Rappler. January 16. anew-says-it-peddles-fake-news.
Ranada, Pia. (2017). “Duterte: Drug Addicts used to Rape Beautiful Women worth Dying
For.” Rappler. December 19. Available at nation/191757-duterte-beautiful-rape-victim-drug-addicts-worth-jail-time.
Rappler. (2018). “Everything you Need to Know about Rappler’s Malacañang Coverage
Ban.” Rappler. February 22. Available at
Ressa, Maria. (2016). “Propaganda War: Weaponizing the Internet.” Rappler. October 3.
Available at internet.
Wardle, Claire and Hossein Derakhshan. (2017). Information Disorder: Toward an
Interdisciplinary Framework for Research and Policy Making. Available at researc/168076277c.


Publish with Nova Science Publishers

We publish over 800 titles annually by leading researchers from around the world. Submit a Book Proposal Now!