Chapter 36. Endocrine System


Adamo Federica, Dorota Bartusik-Aebisher and David Aebisher
Medical College of The University of Rzeszów, Rzeszów, Poland

Part of the book: The Biochemical Guide to Hormones


Endocrine system is indispensible for life in addition to the nervous system. Fundamental biological functions such as reproduction, growth, salt-water balance and emergency responses such as fight or flight are regulated to a fine tuning by the endocrine system in young and adulthood. Basically, the alteration in the above biological functions during aging is a consequence of altered hypothalamic-pituitary axes. Dietary restriction without malnutrition, physical exercise and nutraceutical interventions in elderly people reveal positive results in managing some of the endocrine disorders.

Keyword: hypothalamic-pituitary axis, steroids, endocrine system, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), growth hormone (GH), growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH)


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