Chapter 31. Emergency Response to a Kick


Fotios N. Zachopoulos and Nikolaos C. Kokkinos
Department of Chemistry, School of Science, International Hellenic University, Kavala, Greece

Part of the book: The Challenges of Disaster Planning, Management, and Resilience


This chapter aims to provide information about a common phenomenon, that takes place during the drilling operations for oil or gas, known as the “kick.” An introduction into the basic principles and behavior of a kick was presented, along with the well control techniques and the kick identification methods. Since a kick could result in disastrous consequences, such as the blowout of a well, the formation of oil spills and environmental damage, special emphasis has been placed on real world accidents and their dramatic results. The available emergency response methodologies for eliminating such events, which are currently utilized by the oil and gas industry, were discussed as well as their restrictions and limitations. Conclusions were drawn about the current technological status of the available emergency response methodologies and suggestions were made for further development and improvements.

Keywords: oil and gas drilling, well control, kick, blowout, oil spill


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