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Cristina Horrillo¹, PhD, Ana M. Cintora¹ M.S.N. Eva Robledo¹, Cristina Gómez¹, MD, Raquel Lafuente¹, M.S.N, Ricardo García¹, Christos Ntanos², PhD, and Michail Chalaris³, PhD
¹Prehospital Emergency Medical Service of Madrid Region, Madrid, Spain
²Decision Support Systems Laboratory, National Technical University of Athens. Greece
³Department of Chemistry, International Hellenic University, Kavala, Greece
Part of the book: The Challenges of Disaster Planning, Management, and Resilience
This article presents a descriptive analysis of the eMars database, which collects mandatory information on serious chemical incidents according to the Seveso directive. This analysis evaluated the chemical incidents with the highest number of fatalities and direct injuries. A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed for the period January 1980 to December 2020. The impact of chemical accidents in EU facilities and others registered in eMars database was analyzed, by the highest number of injuries and fatalities resulting from major accidents recorded. A risk map of the Madrid Region was drawn up based on the industries and toxic substances that caused the most serious incidents from the eMARS database and the list of industries obtained from the Civil Protection Regulations of the Community of Madrid.
Keywords: Seveso accidental release, chemical hazard release, disaster planning, emergency responders
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