Chapter 3. Profiles and Distribution Patterns of Different Metal Ion Contaminants in the Sandy Soil Landfill Areas


Nur Hanie Mohd Latiff¹, Wan Syibrah Hanisah Wan Sulaiman¹, Razanah Ramya², Farah Ayuni Mohd Hatta³ and Rashidi Othman⁴
¹International Institute for Halal Research and Training, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
²Institute of Malay and Civilization, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
³Intitute of Islam Hadhari, The National University of Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
⁴Herbarium Unit, Department of Landscape Architecture, Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design, IIUM, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Part of the book: Advantages and Disadvantages of Sandy Soils


The soil in landfills is contaminated by a variety of unintentionally dumped waste materials, predominantly inorganic, macro, and micro-contaminants. The length, nature, and degree of reactivity of the soil-contaminant system have an impact on its geotechnical properties. Pollutants (such as fertilizers, oils, and landfill leachate) and soil interact physically or chemically, changing the properties of the soil significantly. Therefore, the current study examines the distribution of landfill pollution in sandy soil. To evaluate the profile and distribution pattern of heavy metals in the sandy soil from the upper to deeper layers, soil samples that represented the 10 heavy metal ions (i.e., Al, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn) were collected from 4 different closed sanitary and non-sanitary landfills in Perak at varying radii (5-10 m, 10- 15 m, and 15-20 m) and depths (0-30 cm, 30-60 cm, and 60-90 cm). The ICP-MS (Perkin Elmer NexION 300X) technique was used to analyse the data. The results indicated that Al and Fe ions were found at higher concentrations in most of the sites, with varying depths and radii having an impact on concentrations. In most locations, the deeper soils were seen to be consistently more contaminated than the top soil layers

Keywords: sandy soil, landfill, pteridophyte, heavy metal, leachate


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