Chapter 3. Effectiveness of Official Bilingualisms in Cameroonian State Universities: Policies and Trends

$39.50

Célestine Laure Djiraro Mangue and Jean Gonondo
Higher Teachers’ Training College, University of Maroua, Maroua, Cameroon

Part of the book: Bilingualism and its Benefits

Abstract

Cameroon is a bilingual country with English and French as official languages. However, in practice, bilingualism is not so effective. This issue seems to be at the core of one of the actual socio-political crises in Cameroon, with disastrous and harmful consequences. The creation of the National Commission for the Promotion of Bilingualism and Multiculturalism in 2017 demonstrates the government’s determination to address this issue. The Cameroon education system is organised into two subsystems, the English-speaking subsystem and the French[1]speaking subsystem. The State consecrates bilingualism at all levels of education as a factor of national unity and integration, as mentioned in Article 3 of the Law of Orientation of Education in Cameroon. The higher education sector is divided according to the country’s official linguistic considerations (the Francophone sub-sector and the Anglophone sub[1]sector) and the study programmes are the result of these two linguistic traditions. The effectiveness of the official bilingualism policy in Cameroon raises some questions, given the current trend of “façade bilingualism.” This contribution aims at analysing the effectiveness of the implementation of bilingualism in Cameroonian State Universities.

Keywords: official bilingualism, Cameroonian State Universities, effectiveness of bilingualism, promotion of bilingualism


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