Publish with Nova Science Publishers
We publish over 800 titles annually by leading researchers from around the world. Submit a Book Proposal Now!
Sabrina Scheuer, MSc, Constanze Geyer, MA, and Dr. Yvonne Prinzellner
Department of Research and Innovation, Johanniter Austria, Vienna, Austria
Part of the book: The Challenges of Disaster Planning, Management, and Resilience
Vulnerability strongly influences the magnitude of negative consequences of natural and manmade disasters for people and communities. Manmade disasters (e.g., CBRNe incidents, terrorist attacks) can lead to a large number of victims and often require evacuation. Therefore, we developed a vulnerability analysis tool. With our tool, the potential number of affected people and buildings can be estimated, which in turn serves as relevant information for first responders to assess the required resources from a technical and medical perspective. We have developed and evaluated the vulnerability analysis tool for calculating the number of affected buildings as well as the number of affected people, categorized by their potential injuries as well as the medical resources needed for their on-site treatment. The tool offers the functionality to estimate the number of vulnerable people that may need special care (e.g., people who are not mobile). It can also be used beforehand, for a fast calculation at the beginning of, or during the operation. The main findings of the mixed-methods evaluation study highlight the tools’ potential for the practice of first responders, due to its simplicity. Its functional and trustworthy calculations were emphasized. Suggested enhancements include adding specific categories (e.g., buildings equally used for private and business) as well as combining it with other tools (e.g., tools for localizing of POIs; online GIS systems) for a faster and more valid estimation of the affected area and identification of buildings.
Keywords: vulnerability, manmade disasters, CBRNe, evaluation, vulnerable people, first responders
Bard, D., P. Verger, and P. Hubert. “Chernobyl, 10 years after: health consequences.” Epidemiologic Reviews
19, no. 2 (1997): 187-204.
Baur, Nina., and Jörg Blasius. Handbuch Methoden der empirischen Sozialforschung [Handbook of Methods
in Empirical Social Research]. Wiesbaden: Springer VS, 2019.
Blaikie, P., T. Cannon, I. Davis, and B. Wisner. “At Risk: Natural Hazards, People’s Vulnerability.” Routledge,
London, 1994: 333-352.
Cutter, Susan L., Bryan J. Boruff, and W. Lynn Shirley. “Social Vulnerability to Environmental Hazards.”
Social science quarterly 84, no. 2 (2003): 242-261.
Cutter, Susan, L. “Vulnerability to environmental hazards.” Progress in Humand Geography 20, no. 4 (1996):
Davis, Fred D. A Technology Acceptance Model For Empirically Testing New End-User Information Systems:
Theory and Results. Massachusetts: PHD Thesis., 1985.
Dwyer, A., C. Zoppou, O. Nielsen, S. Day, and S. Roberts. “Quantifying Social Vulnerability: A methodology
for identifying those at risk to natural hazards.” Geoscience Australia Record, no. 2004/14 (2004): 1-101.
Eldar, R. “The needs of elderly persons in natural disasters – observations and recommendations.” Disasters 16
Fekete, A., and G. Hufschmidt. Atlas der Verwundbarkeit und Resilienz – Pilotausgabe zu Deutschland,
Österreich, Liechtenstein und Schweiz [Atlas of Vulnerability and Resilience – Pilot edition on Germany,
Austria, Liechtenstein and Switzerland]. Köln & Bonn: TH Köln, University of Applied Science und
Universität Bonn, 2016.
Fernandez, L. S., D. Byard, C.-C. Lin, S. Benson, and J. A. Barbera. “Frail elderly as disaster victims:
emergency management strategies.” Prehospital DIsaster Medicine 17 (2002): 67-74.
Geyer, Constanze, Veronika Simanko, Georg Aumayr, and Andreas Peer. ERIMAPS. Echtzeit-Risikokarten zur
Entscheidungsunterstützung bei CBRNe-Lagen. Deliverable 7.1 Akzeptanzanalyse [ERIMAPS. Real-time
risk maps for decision support in CBRNe situations. Deliverable 7.1 acceptance analysis]. FFG – KIRAS,
Glade, T. “Vulnerability Assessment in Landslide Risk Analysis.” Die Erde 134, no. 2 (2003): 123-146.
Hemingway, Laura, and Mark Priestley. “Natural Hazards, Human Vulnerability and Disabling Societies: A
Disaster for Disabled People?” Centre for Disability Studies, University of Leeds (UK), 2006: 1-13.
HIC. Weekly Humanitarian Overview – Batticaloa District. Sri Lanka: Humanitarian Information Center (HIC),
Kett, M., S. Stubbs, and R. Yeo. Disability in conflict and emergency situations: Focus on Tsunami-affected
areas. Norwich: International Disability and Development Consortium, University of East Anglia, 2005.
Klimont, Jeannette, and Erika Baldaszti. Österreichische Gesundheitsbefragung 2014 – Hauptergebnisse des
Austrian Health Interview Survey (ATHIS) und methodische Dokumentation [Austrian Health Survey 2014
– main results of the Austrian Health Interview Survey (ATHIS) and methodical documentation]. Wien:
Bundesministerium für Gesundheit (BMG) und Bundesgesundheitsargentur, 2015.
Laska, S., and B. H. Morrow. “Social vulnerabilities and Hurricane Katrina: an unnatural disaster in New
Orleans.” Marine Technology Society Journal 40, no. 4 (2006): 16-26.
Lemyre, Louise, Stacey Gibson, Jennifer Zlepnig, Robin Meyer-Macleod, and Paul Boutette. “Emergency
preparedness for higher risk populations: Psychological considerations.” Radiation Protection Dosimetry
134, no. 3-4 (2009): 207-214.
Li, Fengying, Jun Bi, Lei Huang, Changsheng Qu, Jie Yang, and Quanmin Bu. “Mapping human vulnerability
to chemical accidents in the vicinity of chemical industry parks.” Journal of Hazardous Materials 179
Lindell, M. K., and R. W. Perry. Communicating Environmental Risk. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publikations,
Meskouris, K., H. Sadegth-Azar, M. Bérézowsky, H. Dümling, and R. Frenzel. “Schnellbewertung der
Erdbebengefährdung von Gebäuden [Rapid seismic hazard assessment of buildings].” Bauingenieur 76,
no. 7/8 (2001): 370-376.
Meyer, Michael, and Thomas Reutterer. “Sampling-Methoden in der Marktforschung. Wie man
Untersuchungseinheiten auswählen kann [Sampling methods in market research. How to select research
units].” In Qualitative Marktforschung: Konzepte, Methoden, Analysen. 2. Aufl., edited by R. &
Holzmüller, H. (Hrsg.) Buber, 229-245. Wiesbaden: Gabler, 2009.
Morrow, B. H. “Identifying and mapping community vulnerability.” Disasters 23 (1999): 1-18.
Pfefferbaum, B. “Posttraumatic stress disorder in children: a review of the past 10 years.” Journal of the
American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 36, no. 11 (1997): 1503-1511.
Scheuer, Sabrina, and Georg Aumayr. ERIMAPS. Echtzeit-Risikokarten zur Entscheidungsunterstützung bei
CBRNe-Lagen. Deliverable 3.3 Vulnerabilitätsanalyse [ERIMAPS. Real-time risk maps for decision
support in CBRNe situations. Deliverable 3.3 vulnerability analysis]. FFG – KIRAS, 2021.
Tahmid, Mohammed, Sajib Dey, and Sultana Razia Syeda. “Mapping human vulnerability and risk due to
chemical accidents.” Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries 68 (2020): 1-17.
Tierney, K. “Social inequality, hazards, and disasters.” In On Risk and Disaster: Lessons from Hurricane
Katrina, 109-128. Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006.
Usability.de. Think Aloud Method. 2022. https://www.usability.de/usability-user-experience/glossar/ concurrent-think-aloud.html (accessed 03 14, 2022).