Chapter 2. Challenges for Biorefineries in Latin America: A Prospective Analysis

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María J. Lozano1, Nayda P. Arias Duque1, Jairo Salcedo Mendoza1 and Valentina Aristizábal-Marulanda1,2
1
Facultad de Ingeniería, Grupo Procesos Agroindustriales y Desarrollo Sostenible (PADES), Universidad de Sucre, Sincelejo, Colombia
2Facultad de Tecnologías, Escuela de Tecnología Química, Grupo Desarrollo de Procesos Químicos, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Pereira, Colombia

Part of the book: The Future of Biorefineries

Abstract

Biorefineries play an essential role in sustainability and the biobased economy. Some of the challenge related to policy regulation, new process, and raw materials needs structural change in the value chain, such as logistics, discovering new raw materials, and overcoming troubles that arose from pandemic SARS Cov 2. It was evident the need to have an auto sustainable economy, the active participation of quadruple helix efforts to drive new developments and reach new milestones in technological maturity. Government efforts have facilitated the legal framework for the operation of Research Centers with social projection and have allowed, for example, in Costa Rica, to join the developments of nanotechnology to one of the lines of biorefineries where pineapple waste has been taken advantage of it. On the other hand, advances in this sense in Uruguay and Chile have allowed substantial advances in using residues from the meat industry and the production of polyhydroxyalkanoates, respectively. Undoubtedly, Brazil is experiencing an important boom in the Latin American economy given its long history in the use of agricultural residues and in obtaining biofuels. Colombia is positioned as an important international actor due to its contributions, the adoption of the 2030 bioeconomy agenda, and the governmental impulse through the 2030 bioeconomy mission for Colombia, which requires the cohesion of the actors from the different industrial sectors, academia, the state, and civil society. In this sense, initiatives developed in post-conflict areas in Colombia for the reconstruction of the social fabric and to provide new energy sources and biobased products from organic agricultural and agro-industrial residues in the Colombian Caribbean are also presented. With the aim of performing a prospective analysis of the state of biorefineries in Latin America, this work was divided into the following section.


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