Chapter 2. A Review of Tsunami Induced Forces on Idealized Onshore Buildings: Improvements in Design Equations


Selvam Harish¹,², Venkatachalam Sriram¹, PhD, Jan Oetjen², PhD, Holger Schüttrumpf², PhD, and Sannasi Annamalaisamy Sannasiraj¹, PhD
¹Department of Ocean Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Adayar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
²Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Part of the book: Tsunamis: Detection Technologies, Response Efforts and Harmful Effects


Many structures along the shore have collapsed due to tsunami loads during previous tsunami disasters. In total, 400,000 buildings are estimated to have suffered from the 2011 Tōhoku Oki tsunami. These impacts emphasized an in-depth understanding of the tsunami interaction with structures. Subsequently, ample research has been conducted during the last decades to improve force prediction and design guidelines. By considering these extreme events during the design of structures, these structures shall be made more resistant to extreme loads, thereby considerably reducing human and economic losses. The present chapter reviews the past and recent research on the tsunami surge and bore forces and the existing available design equations for buildings against tsunami loads.

Keywords: impulsive load, quasi-static load, surge and bore force, tsunami


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