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Ricardo O. Treno¹, Ricardo R. Baumgartner¹ and Michail Chalaris²
¹Fraternity – International Humanitarian Missions, Fátima, Portugal
²Department Of Chemistry, International Hellenic University, Kavala, Greece
Part of the book: The Challenges of Disaster Planning, Management, and Resilience
Climate change, the unbalanced relationship with natural resources, conflicts between nations, and forced displacement within and between countries create emergencies that need to be addressed based on minimum international humanitarian standards. That’s how the Sphere International Humanitarian Standards fill in the gap of prevention. The Sphere Handbook addresses the humanitarian charter to the emergency response sectors considered essential for the first response in this type of exceptional context, thus creating a condition of minimum stability and protection that allows a reorganization of the infrastructure of the affected locations gradually working towards solutions.
 Sphere Association (2018). The Sphere Handbook: Humanitarian Charter and MinimumStandards in
Humanitarian Response, fourth edition, Geneva, Switzerland. www.spherestandards.org/handbook