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Jatindra N. Bhakta¹, Sukanta Rana², Subham Das¹, Manisha Mukhopadhyay¹, Pratap Majumder¹, Paramita Das¹, Akshay Sarkar¹, Pratyusa Biswas¹, Susmita Lahiri¹ and Bana B. Jana¹
¹Laboratory of Environmental & Bioresource Technology, Department of Ecological Studies & International Centre for Ecological Engineering, University of Kalyani, Kalyani, West Bengal, India
²Department of Zoology, Raniganj Girls’ College, Paschim Bardhaman, West Bengal, India
Part of the book: Research Advancements in Organic Farming
Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.52305/FDQX4412
Increasing pollution levels in soil is one of the serious concerns and an alarming threat to humans as well as the environment. Indiscriminate discharge of various kinds of waste from anthropogenic sources such as agricultural, industrial and municipal along with natural sources have affected the soil quality harshly, affecting our food sources and, as a result, adversely affecting human health. To combat the above problem, treatment of soil has become an utmost necessity in order to restore the standard quality of soil required for the conservation of environmental and human health. Chemical, physical and biological approaches have commonly been employed to remediate the soil pollution. Several current researches investigated the various organic approaches of soil bioremediation for ecofriendly management of soil pollution. However, current comprehensive information in this regard is unavailable. Therefore, the present paper attempted to draw up a comprehensive brief review explaining each of these remediation approaches and its effect on the environment with special reference to organic approaches to soil remediation.
Keywords: soil pollution, remediation approaches, bioremediation, phytoremediaton, phylloremediation, remediation techniques
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