Chapter 10. Removal of Beryllium (Be2+) from Aqueous Solutions by Chelating Resins


Buse Nur Tunçel, BSc, Begüm Göksoy, BSc, Ozan Ali Dündar, MSc, and Özgür Arar, PhD
Department of Chemistry, Ege University, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey

Part of the book: Advances in Chemistry Research. Volume 76

Chapter DOI:


In this work, a chelating resin containing iminodiacetic acid (Purolite MTS 9300) and aminophosphonic acid (Purolite MTS 9500) with functional groups were used to remove beryllium (Be2+) from aqueous solutions. The effect of resin dose and initial pH of the solution on the removal rate of Be2+ was investigated. The results showed that the removal of Be2+ is pH-dependent and optimal removal is achieved in the range of 3-5. Furthermore, the kinetics of Be2+ removal is faster for aminophosphonate-containing resins than for iminodiacetate-containing resin. Removal reached equilibrium in 90 minutes for iminodiacetic resins and 45 minutes for aminophosphonic acid-containing resin. In addition, the sorption isotherm studies showed that the sorption of Be2+ obeyed the Langmuir isotherm model for both resins. However, the maximum sorption capacity of the iminodiacetic-containing resin was 19.14 mg-Be2+/g and 9.66 mg-Be2+/g for the aminophosphonic acid-containing resin. Moreover, the thermodynamic parameters showed that the sorption of Be2+ to the resins was spontaneous. The exhausted resins can be regenerated with a 0.5 M H2SO4 solution with more than 99% efficiency.

Keywords: aminophosphonic acid, beryllium, chelating resin, iminodiacetic acid, water treatment


Abd El-Magied, M. O., Mansour, A., Alsayed, F. A. A. G., Atrees, M. S., Abd Eldayem,
S. (2018). Biosorption of beryllium from aqueous solutions onto modified chitosan
resin: Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic study. Journal of Dispersion Science
and Technology, 39(11), 1597-1605.
Abu El-Soad, A. M., Abd El-Magied, M. O., Atrees, M. S., Kovaleva, E. G., Lazzara, G.
(2019). Synthesis and characterization of modified sulfonated chitosan for beryllium
recovery. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 139, 153-160.
Arar, Ö. (2014). Removal of lead(II) from water by di (2-ethylhexyl) phosphate containing
ion exchange resin. Desalination and Water Treatment, 52(16-18), 3197-3205.
Arar, Ö. (2021). Removal of beryllium (Be2+) from water samples by sorption process: A
review. Water and Water Purification Technologies. Scientific And Technical News,
31(3), 3-11.
Basargin, N. N., Miroshnichenko, O. V. (2012). Beryllium(II) sorption from aqueous
solutions by polystyrene-based chelating polymer sorbents. Russian Journal of
Inorganic Chemistry, 57(5), 758-762.
Botelho Junior, A. B., Dreisinger, D. B., Espinosa, D. C. R. (2019). A Review of Nickel,
Copper, and Cobalt Recovery by Chelating Ion Exchange Resins from Mining
Processes and Mining Tailings. Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration, 36(1), 199-213.
Chen, R., Cheng, Y., Wang, P., Wang, Y., Wang, Q., Yang, Z., Congjian Tang, Siyuan
Xiang, Siyuan Luo, Shunhong Huang, Su, C. (2021). Facile synthesis of a sandwiched
Ti3C2Tx MXene/nZVI/fungal hypha nanofiber hybrid membrane for enhanced
removal of Be(II) from Be(NH) complexing solutions. Chemical Engineering Journal,
421, 129682.
Cooper, R., Harrison, A. (2009). The uses and adverse effects of beryllium on health. Indian
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 13(2), 65.
Coşkun, G., Şimşek, İ., Arar, Ö., Yüksel, Ü., Yüksel, M. (2016). Comparison of chelating
ligands on manganese (II) removal from aqueous solution. Desalination and Water
Treatment, 57(53), 25739-25746.
Das, J., Pobi, M. (1991). Separation of beryllium and aluminium from other elements using
an ion-exchange resin with N-benzoylphenylhydroxylamine as a functional group.
Analytica Chimica Acta, 242, 107-111.
Dubey, S. N., Singh, A., Puri, D. M. (1981). A study in the complex formation of
iminodiacetic acid and nitrilotriacetic acid with aluminium, chromium and beryllium
ions. Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry, 43(2), 407-409.
Ji, C., Qu, R., Wang, C., Chen, H., Sun, C., Xu, Q., Yanzhi Sun, Wei, C. (2007). A chelating
resin with bis[2-(2-benzothiazolylthioethyl)sulfoxide]: Synthesis, characterization
and properties for the removal of trace heavy metal ion in water samples. Talanta,
73(2), 195-201.
Kołodyńska, D., Fila, D., Hubicki, Z. (2020). Static and dynamic studies of lanthanum(III)
ion adsorption/desorption from acidic solutions using chelating ion exchangers with
different functionalities. Environmental Research, 191, 110171.
Li, X., Liu, Z., Huang, M. (2022). Purification of uranium-containing wastewater by
adsorption: a review of research on resin materials. Journal of Radioanalytical and
Nuclear Chemistry, 331(7), 3043-3075.
López, M. A. B., Mochón, M. C., Gómez Ariza, J. L., Pérez, A. G. (1986). Leucoquinizarin
as an analytical spectrophotometric and fluorimetric reagent. Part 2. Determination of
beryllium. The Analyst, 3(11), 1293-1296.
Mederos, A., Brito, F., Gili, P., Domínguez, S. (2009). Complexes of beryllium(II)
with N -(2-Acetoamido) iminodiacetate and ligands containing a phosphonate group.
Journal of Coordination Chemistry, 62(1), 3-13.
Odan, M. A., Aborig, A., Zhang, Y. (2018). Removal of Phenolic Compounds by Using
Adsorption from Industrial Effluents. Journal of Nature Science and Sustainable
Technology, 12(2), 71-80.
Özdemir, V. T., Tuğaç, H. M., Arar, Ö. (2022). Two-pot Oxidative Preparation of
Dicarboxylic Acid Containing Cellulose for the Removal of Beryllium (Be2+)
from Aqueous Solution. Current Analytical Chemistry, 18(3), 360-369.
PurometTM MTS9300. (n.d.). Retrieved July 15, 2022, from
PurometTM MTS9500. (n.d.). Retrieved July 15, 2022, from
Ramesh, A., Mohan, K. R., Seshaiah, K., Choudary, N. V. (2002). Removal of beryllium
from aqueous solutions by zeolite 4A and bentonite. Separation Science and
Technology, 37(5), 1123-1134.
Sun, F., Sun, W. L., Sun, H. M., Ni, J. R. (2011). Biosorption behavior and mechanism of
beryllium from aqueous solution by aerobic granule. Chemical Engineering Journal,
172(2-3), 783-791.
Tanveer, M., Wang, L. (2019). Potential targets to reduce beryllium toxicity
in plants: A review. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 139, 691-696.
Taylor, T. P., Ding, M., Ehler, D. S., Foreman, T. M., Kaszuba, J. P., Sauer, N. N. (2003).
Beryllium in the environment: A review. Journal of Environmental Science and
Health – Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering.
Tokarčíková, M., Motyka, O., Peikertová, P., Gabor, R., Seidlerová, J. (2021).
Magnetically Modified Biosorbent for Rapid Beryllium Elimination from the Aqueous
Environment. Materials, 14(21), 6610.
Wan, C., Xie, Q., Liu, J., Liang, D., Huang, X., Zhou, H., Yuegang Tang, Liu, D. (2021).
Pilot-scale combined adsorption columns using activated carbon and zeolite for
hazardous trace elements removal from wastewater of entrained-flow coal
gasification. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 147, 439-449.
Yavuz, E., Tokalıoğlu, Ş., Patat, Ş. (2018). Dispersive solid-phase extraction with tannic
acid functionalized graphene adsorbent for the preconcentration of trace
beryllium from water and street dust samples. Talanta, 190, 397-402.
Yetgin, A. G., Dündar, O. A., Çakmakçı, E., Arar, Ö. (2022). Removal of boron from
aqueous solution by modified cellulose. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery.
Zagorodni, A. A. (2007). Ion Exchange Materials: Properties and Applications. Ion
Exchange Materials: Properties and Applications (First). Amsterdam, London:


Publish with Nova Science Publishers

We publish over 800 titles annually by leading researchers from around the world. Submit a Book Proposal Now!