Publish with Nova Science Publishers
We publish over 800 titles annually by leading researchers from around the world. Submit a Book Proposal Now!
Hector A. Munera
International Centre for Physics, (CIF, Centro Internacional de Física), Bogotá, Colombia
Department of Physics, National University, Bogotá, Colombia
Part of the book: Future Relativity, Gravitation, Cosmology
The present paper begins with a quick revision of the undoubted connection between the inception of the theory of relativity and the “null” interpretation given to the experiments carried out by Michelson in 1881 and 1887. Lorentz always hoped that there would be a loophole in Michelson’s analysis that would make his length-contraction hypothesis unnecessary. In this context, section 2 presents for the first time my detailed analysis of the 1881 experiment, and with this new information, revisits the 1887 Michelson-Morley experiment in section 3. The overall result is that the pioneering experiments were designed to test only a particular value of solar motion, a hypotheses not supported by the empirical observations. However, the conclusions from both experiments overstepped the range of validity imposed by the experimental design itself. Thus, the crucial 1881 and 1887 experiments never were “null” and consequently there is no contradiction with the “positive” outcome of our own 2002-2005 MMMM experiment at CIF, in Bogota (Colombia): a successful first-time determination by optical means of velocity of Earth relative to a Newtonian frame of reference.
 Dvoeglazov, Valeri V (ed.) (2006) Einstein and Poincaré: The Physical Vacuum
(Montreal, Canada: Apeiron Press) 184 pp. ISBN: 0-9732911-3-3.
 Munera, Hector A and Guzmán Octavio (1997) “New explicit nonperiodic solutions of
the homogeneous wave equation,” Foundations of Physics Letters 10 (1), 31-41.
 Michelson, Albert A and Edward W Morley (1887) “On the relative motion of the Earth
and the luminiferous ether,” American Journal of Science (third series) 34 (203), 333-
345. Same paper in London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine (fifth series)
 Munera, Hector A (1998) “Michelson-Morley experiments revisited: systematic errors,
consistency among different experiments, and compatibility with absolute space,”
Apeiron 5 (Nos. 1-2), 371-376.
 Munera, Hector A (2000) “A realistic four-dimensional hydrodynamic aether interpreted
as a unified field equation” 425-433 in Andrew E. Chubykalo, Valeri V. Dvoeglazov,
David J. Ernst, Vladimir G. Kadyshevsky, and Young S. Kim (eds.), Lorentz Group, CPT
and Neutrinos, Proceedings of an International Workshop at the University of Zacatecas,
Zacatecas, Mexico, 23-26 June 1999 (Singapore: World Scientific Publishing) 466 pp.
 Munera, Hector A (2016) “Interconnection of all forces of nature via the energy and
momentum equations for a fluid aether” 247-267 in Richard L Amoroso, Louis H
Kaufman and Paul Rowlands (eds.), Unified Field Mechanics: Natural Science Beyond
the Veil of Spacetime, Proceedings of the IX Symposium Honoring Noted French
Mathematical Physicist Jean-Pierre Vigier, Morgan State University, 16-19 Nov 2014
(Singapore: World Scientific) 598 pp. ISBN 978-981-4719-05-6.
 Munera, Hector A (2019) “Neo-Cartesian unified fluid and field theory: from Klein Gordon
equation to de Broglie’s Lorentz invariant mechanics” presented at the X Vigier
Symposium, Porto Novo, Italy, July 2016, published as IOP Conf. Series: Journal of
Physics: Conf. Series 1251 (2019) 012038, 22 pp. DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1251/1/012038.
 Munera, Hector A (2019) “Symmetry in nature: discreteness, three-dimensional
extension, motion, and minimum potential energy” presented at XI Vigier Symposium,
Advances in Fundamental Physics: Prelude to Paradigm Shift, Liege, Belgium August
6-9, 2018, published as IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 1251 (2019)
012037, 20 pp. DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1251/1/012037.
 Munera, Hector A (2002) “The photon as a charge-neutral and mass-neutral composite
particle” 469-476 in Richard L Amoroso, Geoffrey Hunter, Menas Kafatos and Jean-
Pierre Vigier (eds.) Gravitation and Cosmology: From the Hubble Radius to the Planck
Scale (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers).
 Munera, Hector A (2002) “The effect of solar motion upon the fringe-shifts in a
Michelson-Morley interferometer à la Miller,” Annales de la Fondation Louis de Broglie
27 (3), 463-484.
 Munera, Hector A, Hernández-Deckers, Daniel, Arenas, Germán and Alfonso Edgar.
(2006) “Observation during 2004 of periodic fringe-shifts in an adialeiptometric
stationary Michelson-Morley experiment,” Electromagnetic Phenomena (Kharkov,
Ukraine) 6, No. 1-16, 70-92.
 Munera, Hector A, Hernández-Deckers, Daniel, Arenas, Germán and Alfonso Edgar.
(2007) “Observation of a significant influence of Earth’s motion on the velocity of
photons in our terrestrial laboratory,” presented at SPIE-2007, San Diego, California.
Published in Chandrasekhar Roychoudhuri, Aloysius F Kracklauer, and Katherine Creath
(eds.), The Nature of Light: What Are Photons?, Proceedings of SPIE 6664, 66640K, 8 pages.
 Munera, Hector A, Hernández-Deckers, Daniel, Arenas, Germán, Alfonso, Edgar and
López Iván. (2009) “Observation of a non-conventional influence of Earth’s motion on
the velocity of photons, and calculation of the velocity of our galaxy,” 113-119 in
preliminary proceedings of Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, PIERS
2009, Beijing, March 23-27/2009. Final proccedings at www.piers.org.
 Munera, Hector A (2009) “Towards the reinstatement of absolute space, and possible
cosmological implications,” ICFAI University Journal of Physics 2 (2-3), 9-24.
 Munera, Hector A (2017) “Absolute velocity of Earth from our stationary Michelson Morley-Miller
experiment at CIF, Bogota, Colombia” 109-110 in Abstracts International
Scientific Conference Physical Interpretations of Relativity Theory PIRT2017, Bauman
Moscow State Technical University, July 3-6/2017 Moscow, Russia. Presentation not
selected for inclusion in proceedings. See full text at Academia.edu and ResearchGate.
 Michelson, Albert Abraham (1881) “The relative motion of the Earth and the
luminiferous ether,” American Journal of Science (third series) 22 (122), 120-129.
 Lorentz, Hendrik Antoon (1895) Versuch einer Theorie der elektrischen und optischen
Erscheinungen in bewegten Körpern [Attempt at a theory of electrical and optical
phenomena in moving bodies] (Leiden: Brill).
 Shankland, Robert S (1964) “Michelson-Morley experiment,” American Journal of
Physics 32 (1), 16-35.
 Poincaré Henri (1905) Science and Hypothesis (Walter Scott Publishing Company).
Republished in 1952 (New York, NY, USA: Dover) 244 pp. ISBN 0-486-60221-4.
 Thayer H S (editor and notes) (1974) Newton’s Philosophy of Nature — Selections from
his Writings, fourth printing 1974 (New York, NY, USA: Hafner Press, 1953) 207 pp.
Library of Congress card number: 53-12509.
 Poincaré Henri (1914) Science and Method, translated from the 1908 French edition by
Francis Maitland (London and New York: T. Nelson and Sons). Republished in 1952
(Mineola, NY, USA: Dover) 288 pp. ISBN 0-486-43269-6.
 Munera, Hector A (2015) “From the classical ethers of Descartes and Newton to cosmons
and sagions” Apeiron 20 (2) 1-67. Same paper as pp 243-292 in Christopher C Fulton
and Martin Kokus (eds.) (2017) The Galileo of Palomar: Essays in Memory of Halton
Arp (Montreal, Canada: Apeiron) 358 pp. ISBN 978-1-987980-08-0 (PDF).
 Beck Anna (translator) and Havas Peter (consultant) (1987) The Collected Papers of
Albert Einstein, Volume 1, The Early Years, 1879-1902 (Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton
University Press) 196 pp. ISBN 0-691-08475-0.
 Jürgen, Renn, Schulmann Robert (editors), and Smith Shawn (translator) (1992) Albert
Einstein-Mileva Marić: The Love Letters (Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University
Press) 107 pp. ISBN 0-691-08886-1.
 Beck Anna (translator) and Howard Don (consultant) (1995) The Collected Papers of
Albert Einstein, Volume 5, The Swiss Years: Correspondence, 1902-1914 (Princeton, NJ,
USA: Princeton University Press) 384 pp. ISBN 0-691-00099-9.
 Munera, Hector A (2010) “The Michelson-Morley experiment and Einstein’s second
postulate: inextricably linked” (in Spanish: “El experimento de Michelson-Morley y el
segundo postulado de Einstein: inextricablemente unidos”) 245-290 in Germán Guerrero
Pino (editor), Einstein: Científico y Filósofo (Cali, Valle, Colombia: Editorial
Universidad del Valle) 411 pp. ISBN 978-958-670-835-7.
 Drude Paul (1900) Lehrbuch der Optik (Leipzig: Hirzel), translated into English by C.
Riborg Mann and Robert A Millikan (1902) as The Theory of Optics. Republished in
1959 (New York: Dover Publications).
 Miller Dayton C (1933) “The ether-drift experiment and the determination of the absolute
motion of the Earth,” Reviews of Modern Physics 5, 203-242.
 Smoot, G F, Gorenstein M V and Miller R A (1977) “Detection of anisotropy in the
cosmic background radiation,” Physical Review Letters 39 (14), 898-901.
 James De Meo (2019) The Dynamic Ether of Cosmic Space: Correcting a Major Error
in Modern Science (Ashland, Oregon, USA: Natural Energy Works) 389 pp. ISBN 978-
 Byron, Bird R, Warren, Stewart, E and Lightfoot, Edwin N (1960) Transport Phenomena
(New York and London: John Wiley & Sons) 780 pp. Library of Congress card number:
 Lorentz, Hendrik A (1886) “On the influence of Earth’s motion on light phenomena” (in
French: “De l’influence du mouvement de la Terre sur les Phenomenes Lumineux”),
Archives Néerlandaises XXI, book 2.
 Munera, Hector A (2006) “The evidence for length contraction at the turn of the 20th
century: Non-existent” 87-102 in reference .
 Hernández-Deckers, Daniel (2005) Data reduction in the Michelson-Morley-Miller
experiment with stationary interferometer (in Spanish: Reducción de datos del
experimento con interferómetro estacionario de Michelson-Morley-Miller), B.Sc. thesis,
Department of Physics, National University, Bogotá, Colombia, 77 pp.
 Lipa, J A, Nissen, J A, Wang, S, Stricker D A and Avaloff D (2003) “A new limit on
signals of Lorentz violation in electrodynamics,” Physical Review Letters 90, 060403.