Chapter 1. A Sustainable Development Concept: Fiasco or the Only Hope to Survive


Orce Popovski, PhD and Ljupcho Shosholovski, MD
Military Academy “General Mihailo Apostolski”- Skopje, University “Goce Delchev” Stip, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia

Part of the book: The Challenges of Disaster Planning, Management, and Resilience


Before the beginning of the industrial revolution, the climate changes were regarded solely as a natural phenomenon. From then onwards, anthropogenic activities present an enormous influence over the climate changes. Numerous studies which were conducted at the beginning of the ‘80s of the last century, indicate link between environment and security. Studies primarily are related to the research of the implications of environmental changes on security. Knowledge about the global impact of environmental changes, such as the reduction of the ozone layer, increased pollution of all environmental media, the disproportion in population growth and food production, demographic imbalance, the increased influx of immigrants in developed countries, all show their implications on security. As a result, the relevant authorities were motivated to make a re-evaluation of the security dimension, incorporating environmental concerns. Sustainable development is one of the most important environmental issues, since it was launched during the 1992nd Rio de Janeiro’s World Summit. Together with formulation of Agenda 21, Declaration on environment and development, concern on forests, climate changes, bio-diversity, and desertification, a Commission on Sustainable Development was established as well [1].

Keywords: climate change, environmental changes, security, sustainable development


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