Chaliapin and the Jews: The Question of Chaliapin’s Purported Antisemitism

Joseph Darsky
Delray Beach, FL

Series: Fine Arts, Music and Literature
BISAC: MUS028000

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After publishing two previous books on Feodor Chaliapin with Nova Science Publishers, Tsar Feodor: Chaliapin in America (2012) and Sex and the Singer: Women in Feodor Chaliapin’s Life (2014), the current work of Darsky concludes his research trilogy about one of the world’s greatest operatic stars; however, this time he examines the life and work of the singer from a completely unexpected angle.

In multiple Russian/Soviet publications, including recollections and critical biographies about Feodor Chaliapin, not a single word accusing him of antisemitism can be found, although such rumors have never stopped circulating. Meanwhile, some predominantly American authors put such accusations in writing while failing to provide any references. Such allegations have been vehemently rejected by Chaliapin’s children in their memoirs and during interviews with the author of this book, stating that several Jews were among Chaliapin’s closest friends and that during his entire life he had helped many others.

It appears that until now, the topic of “Chaliapin and the Jews” has not attracted any scholarly interest, either in Russia or abroad, though there have been several short articles in Russian dedicated mainly to one particular event. This event took place in Soviet Russia in April of 1918, when Chaliapin participated in a so-called Zionist Concert. The story of the performance, after being forgotten for fifty years, was resurrected in an article by Professor Mikhail Goldstein that appeared in a Russian language Israeli periodical. The Professor also called for further searches of unknown and forgotten facts, showing Chaliapin’s amicable attitude toward the Jewish people.

Over twenty years ago, responding to Goldstein’s appeal and keeping in mind the statements of Chaliapin’s children, the author of this book made his first attempt to compile in a Russian essay all the facts that were known to him at that time about Chaliapin’s interactions with Jews. After acquiring additional information, learning and deeply understanding the inner essence and spirit of this great man, the author believes that the time is now ripe to present for the first time ever a book written in English with the most complete picture of Chaliapin’s good deeds, his cordial attitude toward Jews and showing how Jewish influences shaped Chaliapin’s views of life and art. Simultaneously, an effort has been made to expose the absurdity of the statements concerning Chaliapin’s purported antisemitism.

Preface

Acknowledgements

Introduction

Part One: Quasi-Statistical

Chapter 1. Jews in Chaliapin’s Childhood

Chapter 2. Chaliapin and his Jewish Impresarios

Chapter 3. Singing with the Jews

Chapter 4. Working with “Non-Singing” Jews

Chapter 5. Bonds with Jewish and Russian Painters and Sculptors

Chapter 6. Bonds with Russian and Jewish Literati

Chapter 7. Bonds with Jewish Musicians

Chapter 8. Chaliapin and his Jewish Accompanists

Chapter 9. Other Jewish Connections

Part Two: Judeophilia?

Chapter 10. “Dear Isaychik – My Gray Bunny!”

Chapter 11. Chaliapin and Mikhail Volkenstein

Chapter 12. Chaliapin the Zionist

References

Personalia

Illustration Plates

Index of Names

“After reading the manuscript Chaliapin and the Jews by Joseph Darsky, I have found it fascinating and compelling. It is apparent that today no one in the world knows so much about the great Chaliapin as Mr. Darsky, who has presented his exhaustive research most admirably. Our record label, Marston Records, has just produced a thirteen CD set comprising the complete recorded legacy of Chaliapin; in fact, our project could not have been produced without Darsky's generous assistance.” -Ward Marston, Marston Records, President

"Congratulations to Joseph Darsky for this phenomenal book! As a person, who has spent more than 40 years researching the life and career of Fyodor Chaliapin, I would like to emphasize that there are a lot of new and very interesting angles and perspectives in this book. Most importantly, the theme of this book is so brilliantly encapsulated by the author, it will captivate the attention of any reader." - Eleonora Sokolova, Professor, Director of The Chaliapin Memorial Museum in Moscow (retired)

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Personalia

Abelman, Maria Veniaminovna (?-?), Moris Abelman’s wife.
Abelman, Moris [Moisey] L’vovich (1863-1927?), Russian Jewish-born medical doctor, pediatrician, friend of Chaliapin, who helped him to escape from Soviet Russia.
Aksarin [Kelberg], Alexander [Albert] Rafailovich (1880?-1940), Russian Jewish impresario.
Aldanov [Landau], Mark Alexandrovich (1886-1957), Russian Jewish-born novelist, essayist, literary critic, chemical engineer and social activist; lived in France.
Alexander II [Romanov, Alexander Nikolayevich] (1818-1881), Russian Tsar, son of Nicolas I; assassinated by a Russian revolutionary.
Alexander III [Romanov, Alexander Alexandrovich] (1845-1894), Russian Tsar, son of Alexander II.
Altani, Ippolit Karlovich (1846-1919), Russian musician born in Ukraine, son of a military orchestra conductor of Italian descent, Chief Conductor of the Bolshoi Opera (1882-1906).
Andreev, Leonid Nikolayevich (1871-1919), Russian writer and playwright, one of Chaliapin’s close friends.
Andreev, Savva Leonidovich (1909-1970), Russian artist and ballet dancer, the third son of Leonid Nikolayevich Andreev.
Andreev, Vasily Andreevich (1851-1910), a shoemaker in Kazan to whom young Chaliapin was assigned as an apprentice in 1881-1882.
Andreyeva (also Andreeva, née Yurkovskaya), Maria Feodorovna (1868-1953), Russian actress and revolutionary, later Soviet party functionary; between 1903 and 1919 – Maxim Gorky’s mistress.
Anisfeld, Boris Israelevich [Ber Srulevich] (1878–1973), Russian Jewish-born American painter and theater designer.
Antokolsky, Mark [Mordukh] Matveevich [Mordukhai Matityaguh, as written in Hebrew on his tomb] (1843-1902), Russian Jewish sculptor.
Arensky, Anton Stepanovich (1861-1906), Russian composer, pianist and pedagogue.
Artemiev, Ivan Petrovich (?-1916), Russian impresario.
Astruc, Gabriel (1864-1938), French journalist, theater manager and theatrical impresario.
Auer, Leopold [Leopold Semenovich, as called in Russia] (1845-1930), Hungarian Jewish-born violinist and pedagogue. From 1868, a violin professor at the St. Petersburg Conservatory.
Avranek, Ulrich Iosifovich (1853-1937), Czech-born Russian conductor and Chief Chorus Master of the Bolshoi Opera (1882-1937).
Bakhrakh, Alexander Vasilievich (1902-1985), Russian Jewish-born (baptized in 1943) writer and critic; after 1920 lived abroad.
Baksheeva (née Chaliapin), Irina Feodorovna (1901-1978), Chaliapin’s eldest daughter from his first marriage.
Bakst, Léon [Rosenberg, Leib-Khaim] Samoilovitch (1866-1924), Russian Jewish painter, scenographer and costume designer; died in Paris.
Barinova, Maria Nikolayevna (1878-1956), Russian Soviet pianist and pedagogue. Battistini, Mattia (1856-1928), Italian operatic singer (baritone), who was called “King of Baritones, but not the Baritone of the Kings.”
Baugé, André Gaston (1893-1966), French singer (baritone), also appeared in films in the 1930s.
Beethoven, Ludwig van (1770-1827), German composer.
Beilis, Menahem Mendel [Mendel Tevievich] (1874-1934), a Russian Jew falsely accused in Kiev of ritual murder in a notorious 1913 trial. There was not a single representative of the intelligentsia in the jury; however, after deliberating for several hours, the jury acquitted him.
Beklemishev, Vladimir Alexandrovich (1861-1920), Russian sculptor and professor at the St. Petersburg Academy of Art.
Bely, Andrei [Bugaev, Boris Nikolayevich] (1880-1934), Russian poet, novelist, and literary critic.
Benois, Alexandre Nikolayevich (1870-1960), Russian artist, art critic, historian, and founding member of the art magazine Mir iskusstva.
Béranger, Pierre (1780-1857), French poet and chansonnier.
Berdichevsky, Leo Lazarevich (1886-1931), Russian Jewish-born American pianist and music teacher.
Bernstein, Herman [German Davidovich] (1876-1935), Lithuanian Jewish-born American journalist, poet, novelist, playwright, translator, Jewish activist, and diplomat.
Bisker, Solomon Yakovlevich (?-1937?), Russian Jewish-born impresario; left Soviet Russia, died in Europe, presumably in Czechoslovakia.
Blumenfeld, Felix Mikhailovich (1863-1931), Russian Jewish-born Soviet pianist, conductor, composer and pedagogue; younger brother of Sigismund Blumenfeld.
Blumenfeld, Mikhail Frantsevich (1823-1883), the father of Felix and Sigismund Blumenfeld.
Blumenfeld, Sigismund Mikhailovich (1852-1920), Russian Jewish composer, singer, pianist and pedagogue; elder brother of Felix Blumenfeld.
Boito, Arrigo [Giovanni Enrico Giuseppe] (1842-1918), Italian composer, librettist, novelist and poet.
Borisov [Gurovich], Boris Samoilovich (1873-1939), Russian Jewish-born Soviet actor, singer, stand-up comedian and entertainer.
Boroday, Mikhail Matveevich (1853-1929), Russian impresario in provincial theaters.
Brainin, Abram Lazarevich (1880- after 1941), Russian Jewish operatic singer (tenor).
Brian [Shmorgoner], Maria Isaakovna (1886-1965), Russian Jewish-born Soviet opera singer (soprano). Professor of singing at the St. Petersburg/Leningrad Conservatory.
Brod, Ivar (b. 1941- ) Latvian-born American researcher, Max Rabinovich’s biographer.
Brodsky, Yakov Davydovich [Solomonovich?] (?-?), Russian Jewish sculptor, writer and humorist.
Brodsky, Isaak Izrailevich (1883-1939), Russian Jewish-born Soviet painter; considered to be the founder of the Soviet Socialist Realism movement in art.
Brogi, Augusto (1847-1917), Italian singer (baritone) and voice teacher.
Budkevich, Maria [Vanda] Yakovlevna (1869-1943), Russian Jewish-born Soviet opera and concert singer (soprano).
Bunin (née Muromtseva), Vera Nikolayevna (1881-1961), Russian writer, the wife of Ivan Bunin.
Bunin, Ivan Alekseyevich (1870-1953), Russian writer and poet, winner of 1933 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Busoni, Ferruccio (1866-1924), Italian composer, pianist, pedagogue and conductor.
Caruso, Enrico (1873-1921), Italian opera singer (tenor); sang in Russia and for many seasons in the USA.
Casals, Pablo [Pau Casals i Defilló] (1876-1973), Catalonian-born Spanish cellist and conductor.
Chaliapin, Helen (née Helcia Davidson) (1909-2007), Polish Jewish-born naturalized American citizen; Boris Chaliapin’s second wife.
Chaliapin (née Eluchen, in her first marriage Petzold), Maria Augusta Valentinovna (1882 -1964); since 1904, Chaliapin’s mistress, effective 1927, his second wife.
Chaliapin (née Lopresti, stage name Tornaghi), Ester Ida Iole [Iola Ignatievna in Russian] (1873-1966), Italian-born Russian ballerina, Feodor Chaliapin’s first wife.
Chaliapin, Boris Feodorovich (1904-1979), Russian-born American painter and Time Magazine cover artist.
Chaliapin, Feodor Feodorovich (1905-1992), Chaliapin’s third son; stage and screen actor.
Chaliapin, Lydia Feodorovna (1901-1975), Chaliapin’s second daughter from his first marriage; singer, actress, voice teacher and author of recollections about her father.
Chavalier, Maurice (1888-1972), French actor, cabaret singer and entertainer.
Chekhov (Chekhova), Maria Pavlovna (1863-1957), Russian teacher and artist, sister of Anton Chekov; from 1922 to 1957 she was the director of the Chekhov Museum in Yalta.
Chekhov (née Golden), Natalia Alexandrovna (1855-1919), the second wife of Alexander Chekhov; Michael Chekhov’s mother.
Chekhov, Alexander Pavlovich (1855-1913), Russian novelist and short story writer; the eldest brother of Anton Chekhov; Michael Chekhov’s father.
Chekhov, Anton Pavlovich (1860-1904), Russian writer, playwright and medical doctor.
Chekhov, Michael Alexandrovich (1891-1955), Russian Jewish-born, Russian and American drama and movie actor, stage director and pedagogue.
Chekhov, Nikolai Pavlovich (1858-1889), Russian painter, brother of Anton Chekhov.
Chekhovsky, Vasily Grigorievich (? - after 1924), Russian photographer who lived in Moscow and Odessa.
Chernoff (née Chaliapin, in the first marriage Liberati), Tatiana Feodorovna (1905-1993), Chaliapin’s third daughter (Feodor Feodorovich’s tween sister) from his first marriage.
Chernov, Arkady Yakovlevich [Eingorn, Abram Yánkelevich] (1858-1904), Russian Jewish opera singer (baritone).
Chirikov, Evgeny Nikolayevich (1864-1932), Russian novelist and playwright, one of Chaliapin’s friends
Chukovsky, Korney Ivanovich [Korneychukov, Nikolai Vasilievich] (1882-1969), Russian writer and critic.Chushkin, Nikolai Nikolaevich (1906- after 1967), Soviet theater critic.
Coates, Albert (1882-1953), English conductor, composer and pianist, one of Chaliapin’s closest friends.
Coolidge, Grace Anna Goodhue (1879-1957), the wife of President Calvin Coolidge.
Coolidge, John Calvin (1872-1933), the 30th President of the United States.
Cooper [aka Kuper], Emil Albertovich (1877-1960), Russian Jewish-born, later American conductor and violinist.
Cooper [Kupershtok], Albert Leonovich (?-?), Russian Jewish musician, the father of Emil Cooper.
Coppicus, Francis Charles (1880-1966), General Secretary of the Metropolitan opera and Chaliapin’s concert manager.Crosby, "Bing" Harry Lillis, Jr. (1903-1977), American singer and actor.
Cui, César Antonovich (1835-1918), Russian composer and music critic.
Dalsky [Neelov], Mamónt Viktorovich (1865-1918), Russian drama actor.
Damaev, Vasily Petrovich (1878-1932), Russian operatic and chamber singer (tenor).
Dargomyzhsky, Alexander Sergeevich (1813-1869), Russian composer, founder of the group of Russian composers known as The Mighty Five.
Davydov, Alexander Mikhailovich [Levenson, Israel Moiseevich] (1872-1944), Russian Jewish opera and concert singer (tenor) at the Mariinsky Opera House.
Davydov, Vladimir [Gorelov, Ivan] Nikolayevich (1849-1925), Russian actor, pedagogue and stage director.
Derankova (née Goldfeld), Fannie Efimovna (1883-1968), Russian Jewish-born Soviet opera singer (soprano). In January 1912, sang with Chaliapin at Monte Carlo Opera.
Diaghilev, Sergei Pavlovich (1872-1929), Russian impresario and founder of the Russian Seasons in Paris; later became known as the founder of the Ballets Russes.
Dimitrov, Assen (1894-1960), Bulgarian composer, conductor and pedagogue.
Dlussky, Erazm [Rafail] Yakovlevich (1857-1923), Russian Jewish composer and pianist. Dobrovel, Israel (?-?), Isay Dobroven’s maternal adopted grandfather. Dobrowen (Dobrowein), Isay Alexandrovich [Barabeichik, Itzhok Zorakhovich] (1891-1953), Russian Jewish-born conductor, pianist and composer; from 1929, lived in Norway.
Doroshevich, Vlas Mikhailovich (1864-1922), Russian journalist, novelist, drama critic and writer.
Dudinskaya, Natalya Mikhailovna (1912-2003), Russian ballet dancer.
Dvorischin (stage name Petrov), Isay Grigorievich (1876-1942), Russian Jewish operatic singer (tenor), later stage director; Chaliapin’s personal secretary and one of his closest friends.
Eingorn, Semeon Yakovlevich (1855-1925), Russian Jewish medical doctor who was in charge of Chaliapin’s hospital for wounded soldiers in St. Petersburg during WWI.
Elman, Misha [Mikhail Saulovich] (1891-1967), Russian Jewish-born American classical violinist.
Engel, Yulii (Yoel) Dmitrievich (1868-1927), Russian Jewish-born musicologist, composer, critic, and journalist; in 1922 left Soviet Russia and settled in Tel-Aviv.
Ershov, Ivan Vasilievich (1867-1943), Russian opera singer (tenor), stage director and pedagogue.
Everardi, Kamillo [Camille Francois Everard] (1824-1899), Belgian opera singer (baritone) and a very famous voice teacher in Russia.Exkuzovich, Ivan Vasilievich (1882-1942), Soviet official (engineer by training); General Director of the State Theaters in Petrograd and Moscow (1918-1928).
Feldberg, David Vladimirovich (1873-1942), Russian/Ukrainian Jewish-born Soviet medical doctor and Chaliapin’s friend.
Felzer (Felser or Feldzer), Semeon Abelevich [Simon Avgustovich] (?-?), Russian Jewish photographer in Kazan.
Figner (née Radina), Renee Efimovna (1872-1944), Russian Jewish-born opera singer (soprano), the second wife of Russian tenor Nikolai Figner (1857-1918).
Fingert, Tatiana Abramovna (?-?), Russian Jewish opera singer (mezzo-soprano).
Fleta, Miguel (1893-1938), Spanish opera singer (tenor).
Fondaminsky (Fundaminsky) [pen name Bunakov], Ilya Issidorovich (1880-1942), Russian Jewish-born revolutionary and politician; after immigration to France, was a publisher and editor of Russian periodicals in Paris. In 1941, was arrested by the Nazis and, in spite of his conversion to Christianity, perished in Auschwitz.
Franci, Benvenuto (1885-1945), Italian opera singer (baritone); on April 22, 1933, he sang at La Scala in the role of Figaro opposite Chaliapin’s Don Basilio.
Fredi (née Chaliapin), Marina Feodorovna (1912-2009), Chaliapin’s second daughter from his second marriage.
Frug, Semeon [Shimon] Grigorievich (1860-1916), Russian Jewish poet and publicist who wrote in Yiddish, Hebrew and Russian.
Gabrilowitsch, Osip Solomonovich (1878-1936), Russian Jewish-born, naturalized American pianist, conductor and composer; Mark Twain’s son-in-law.
Garbo, Greta [Gustafsson, Greta Lovisa] (1905-1990), Swedish born American and international movie star.
Garmash, Victor Ivanovich (1937-1999), Soviet/Ukrainian collector, researcher and Chaliapin scholar.
Geimanson, Ya.Z. [Yakov Zakharovich or Zinovievich (?)] (?-?), Russian Jewish-born French sculptor.
Genthe, Arnold (1869-1942), German-born American photographer.
Gilyarovsky, Vladimir Alekseevich (1853-1935), Russian writer and journalist.
Ginzburg, Ilya [Ginsburg, Eliash] Yakovlevich (1859-1939), Russian Jewish-born sculptor, pupil of Antokolsky.
Gippius, Zinaida Nikolayevna (1869-1945), Russian poet and playwright.
Giraldoni, Eugenio (1871-1924), Italian operatic singer (baritone).Glazunov, Alexander Konstantinovich (1865-1936), Russian composer and conductor, Professor; Director of St. Petersburg Conservatory (1905-1928).
Glinka, Mikhail Ivanovich (1804-1857), Russian composer frequently regarded as the founder of Russian classical music.
Gluzman, Pavel Ivanovitch (1842?-after 1912), Jewish tailor in Kazan, Chaliapin’s neighbor. Godovsky, Leopold (1970-1938), Polish [of Jewish ancestry] American pianist, composer, and teacher.
Godzinsky, de George [Georgii Frantsevich] (1914-1994), Russian-born Finnish pianist, conductor and composer, worked as Feodor Chaliapin’s accompanist in his 1936 tour.
Gogol, Nikolai Vasilievich (1809 -1852), Ukraine-born Russian dramatist, novelist and short story writer.
Goldenweiser, Alexander Borisovich [Ruvimovich] (1875-1961), Russian Jewish-born Soviet pianist, composer and pedagogue.
Goldovsky, Boris [Boris Onissimovich] (1908-2001), Russian Jewish-born American pianist, conductor and broadcaster.
Goldovsky, Onissim Borisovich (1865-1922), Russian Jewish attorney, activist and author, the father of Boris Goldovsky.
Goldovsky Yuri Onissimovich (1907-1937), Russian Jewish-born Soviet mathematician; Boris Goldovsky’s brother.
Goldstein, Mikhail Emmanuilovich (1917-1989), Russian Jewish-born Soviet (later immigrated to Germany) violinist, composer and musicologist.
Golinkin, Mark [Mordekhai] Markovich (1875-1963), Russian Jewish, later Israeli pianist and conductor; the founder of the Palestine, later Israeli, National Opera Theater.
Golovin, Alexander Yakovlevich (1863-1930), Russian artist and stage designer.
Goltsman, Ivan Asafovich (1840?-1913), Russian Jewish postman, later postmaster of the Kazan County postal office.
Gorbunov, Nikolai Ivanovich (b.1940-), Russian journalist and writer; Chaliapin researcher.
Goriainov, Matvey Zakharovich [Gertsenstein, Sukher Srulevich] (~1875- ?), Russian Jewish opera singer (bass).
Gorky, Maxim [Peshkov, Alexey Maximovich] (1868-1936), Russian writer and playwright; Chaliapin’s close friend, godfather of his youngest daughter Dasia.Gorskaya (née Feinberg), Rosalia Grigorievna (1891-1984), Russian Jewish-born Soviet opera singer (soprano).
Gorsky [Feinberg], Yakov L’vovich (1867-1935), Russian Jewish operatic singer (tenor) and stage director.
Grand Duchess Elizabeth [Romanova, Yelizaveta Fyodorovna] (1864-1918), the wife of Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich; murdered by Bolsheviks.
Grand Duke Alexey [Romanov, Alexey Alexandrovich]

(1850-1908), the fourth son of Alexander II.
Greenberg, Morris (?-?), President of the National Bancorporation of America in the 1920s.
Grenzebach, Ernst (1871-1936), German singing teacher.
Gunsbourg (Guinsbourg), Raoul Samuel (1860-1955), Romanian Jewish- born opera director, composer and impresario of the Monte Carlo Opera.
Gutskov, Karl (1811-1878), German writer and playwright.
Hablitz, von Carl Ludwig [Gablits Karl Ivanovich] (1752-1821), Russian botanist born into the German Jewish family; the grandfather of composer Alexander Serov.
Halévy, Fromental [Jacques-François-Fromental-Élie Halévy] (1799-1862), French Jewish composer largely known for his opera La Juive.
Hamerik (Hammerich), Asger (1843-1923), Danish composer.
Heifetz, Jascha [Iosif Ruvinovich] (1901-1987), Russian Jewish-born American classical violinist and pedagogue.
Heifetz, Vladimir (1893-1970), Russian Jewish-born American pianist and composer.
Hempel, Frieda (1885-1955), German operatic singer (soprano).
Hitler, Adolf (1889-1945), Austrian born German politician, the leader of the Nazi Party, chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945.
Hofmann, Josef Kazimierz (1876-1957), Polish Jewish-born American pianist.
Horowitz (Gorovits), Vladimir Samoylovich (1903-1989), Russian Jewish-born American classical music pianist and composer.
Huberman, Bronislaw (1882-1947), Polish Jewish-born violinist.
Hurok, Sol [Gurkov, Solomon Israilevich] (1888-1974), Russian Jewish-born American impresario.Igumnov, Konstantin Nikolayevich (1873-1948), Russian pianist and teacher, Professor at the Moscow Conservatory.
Ippolitov-Ivanov, Mikhail Mikhailovich (1859-1935), Russian composer, conductor and pedagogue.
Izmailov [Itkin], Grigory Pavlovich (1866-1914), Russian Jewish opera singer (bass).Jacobson (née Dow), Berthe Poncy (1894-1975), Swiss born American pianist and pedagogue; Myron Jacobson’s wife. Jacobson, Myron Isaakovich (1883-1934), Russian Jewish, later American, composer, conductor and pedagogue.
Judson, Arthur (1881-1975), American artists’ manager and Chaliapin’s impresario in the 1928 and 1929 seasons.
Kabanov, Emel’ian Nikolayevich (?-?), Russian entrepreneur in provincial theaters.
Kachouk, Iosif Emmanuilovich (1889?-1942), Russian Jewish-born bank employee; from 1920s assistant impresario to his brother Michel Kachouk.
Kachouk (Kashuk), Michel [Mikhail, real name Moisey] Emmanuilovich (1877 [1878]-1952), Russian Jewish-born impresario and Chaliapin’s personal manager in Paris; brother of Iosif Kachouk.
Kamionsky, Oskar Isaevich (1869-1917), Russian Jewish opera singer (baritone) and pedagogue.
Kaplan, Solomon [Shleoma] Zelmovich (1882-1927), Russian Jewish Chaliapin’s tailor in St. Petersburg/Petrograd.
Kaplan, Paulina G. (?-?), Russian Jewish opera singer (mezzo-soprano).
Kaplan, Semeon Solomovich [Shleomovich] (1912-1983), Russian Jewish-born Soviet ballet dancer and choreographer.
Karenzin [Moshkov], Alexander Mikhailovich (?-?), Russian Jewish opera singer (tenor).
Kartavina (née Shirman, married name Drobnaya), Anna Alexandrovna (1863-?), Russian Jewish opera singer (soprano).
Karzinkin, Alexander Andreevich (1863-1939), Russian archeologist and numismatist, member of the Board of the Tretyakov Gallery, Chaliapin family’s friend.
Kaverin, Veniamin Alexandrovich [Abelevich] (1902-1989), Russian Jewish-born Soviet writer.
Kenigsberg, Nikolai Semenovich (1882-1952), Russian antiquarian and collector, longtime Chaliapin’s friend. Left Russia in 1922, lived in Paris, later moved to Brazil.
Keonemann, Feodor [Keneman, Fyodor] Feodorovich (1873-1937), Russian pianist, composer and music teacher; one of Chaliapin’s most favorite accompanists.
Khariton, Michel [Mikhail Markovich] (?-1938), Russian Jewish-born pianist; after leaving Soviet Russia settled in the US, was killed in a street accident in Philadelphia.
Khodotov, Nikolai Nikolaevich (1878-1932), Russian drama actor.
Kipnis, Alexander [Sandy] (1891-1978), Russian Jewish-born (naturalized American citizen) opera singer (bass).
Klechkovsky, Mavrikii Mecheslavovich (1868-1938), Russian musician, an active member of the Society for the Protection of Children from Cruelty.
Kliuchareov (Riscagnie), R. (?-?), Russian provincial entrepreneur.
Kolomiitsev, Victor Pavlovich (1868-1936), Russian pianist, musicologist and music critic.
Komissarzhevskaya, Vera Feodorovna (1864-1910), Russian actress and stage director.
Korolenko, Vladimir Galaktionovich (1853-1921), Russian and Ukrainian writer, journalist and human rights activist.
Korovin, Konstantin Alexeevich (1861-1939), Russian impressionist painter, one of Chaliapin’s closest friends.
Koshetz, Nina Pavlovna (1891-1965), Russian-Ukrainian operatic and concert singer (soprano); after the Bolshevik coup left Russia and settled in the United States.
Kotlyarov, Yuri Feodorovich (1936-2005), Soviet/Russian collector, researcher and Chaliapin scholar.
Koussevitzky (née Ushkov), Natalie [Ushkova, Natalia Konstantinovna] (1881-1942), Serge Koussevitzky’s second wife (from 1905).
Koussevitzky, Serge [Kussevitsky, Sergei Alexandrovich] (1874-1951), Russian Jewish- born (naturalized American citizen) conductor, double bass player and composer.
Krein, Alexandr Abramovich (1883-1951), Russian Jewish-born Soviet composer.
Kremer, Isa [Isabelle Yakovlevna] (1887-1956), Russian Jewish-born (naturalized American and Argentinian citizen) operatic singer (soprano) who switched to performing popular and folk songs.
Kruglikov, Semeon Nikolaevich (1851-1910), Russian music critic, journalist, editor, professor at the School of Music and Dramatic Arts in Moscow.
Kukol’nik, Nestor Vasil'yevich (1809-1868), Russian playwright, writer and poet.
Kumok, Herman (1904?-1952?), Polish Jewish-born Argentinian pianist and pedagogue; Chaliapin’s accompanist in the South American tour of 1930.
Kuprin, Alexander Ivanovich (1870-1938), Russian writer.
Kurzner, Pavel Yakovlevich (1886-1949), Russian Jewish-born Soviet opera singer (bass).
Kuznetsova, Maria Grigorievna (?-1891), Konstantin Ushkov’s first wife; the mother of Natalie Koussevitzky.Lapitsky [stage name Mikhailov], Iosif Mikhailovich (1876-1944), Russian Jewish-born Soviet opera and drama stage director.
Lebedeva, Elena (?-?), modern Russian journalist.
Leiferkus, Sergei Petrovich (b.1946-), Russian operatic and concert singer (baritone).
Lenin, Nikolai [Ul’yanov, Vladimir Ilych] (1870-1924), Russian revolutionary, the first Communist leader of the Soviet Union.
Lentovsky, Mikhail Valentinovich (1843-1906), Russian actor and entrepreneur.
Leonidov [Berman], Leonid Davidovich (1885-1983), Russian Jewish-born theatrical and concert manager; in 1922, left Russia and worked mostly in Europe.
Leonova, Daria Mikhailovna (1829[1834?] -1896), Russian opera singer (contralto).
Lermontov, Mikhail Yurievich (1814-1841), Russian poet and writer.
Leschenko, Peter Konstantinovich (1898-1954), Russian popular singer.
Leschetizky, Theodor Herman (1830-1915), Polish pianist, composer and piano teacher.
Letichevsky, Isaak Natanovich [real name Le

bichevsky(?), Iskander Nafanailovich] (1874-1931), Russian Jewish-born Soviet opera singer (tenor).
Levienne, Nicolas [Kolia] (1895-1965), Russian Jewish-born American cellist; took part in many Chaliapin’s recitals.
Levin, Lev (?-?), one of Chaliapin’s protégé, whom the singer wanted to be admitted to the Petrograd Conservatory.
Levina [Meyer], Maria Nikolayevna[?] (1892-1977), Russian Jewish-born Soviet opera singer (mezzo-soprano).
Levine, Edith [Lewin, Ida] (1903-?), Michel Michelet’s wife.
Levitan, Avel [Abel-Leib (Adolf) Elyashevich] (1859[1861]-1933), Russian Jewish painter, the eldest brother of Isaak Levitan.
Levitan, Isaak Ilyich [Itsik Elyashevich] (1860-1900), Russian Jewish artist, considered to be the foremost Russian landscape painter.
Liberman, Alexander [Sasha] Borisovich (1896-1978), Russian Jewish-born pianist and pedagogue; after 1947 and till his death taught piano at Mills College, Oakland, CA.
Liberman, Stefania (Stefa, née Sura Kollershtein) (1899-1983), Russian Jewish-born pianist, the wife of Alexander Liberman.
Limur, de (née Petzold) Stella Eduardovna (1904-1998), Chaliapin’s stepdaughter.
Liszt, Franz [Ferencz] (1811-1886) Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, and music teacher.
Liubin [Mashkovich], Yakov Moiseevich (1858-1914), Russian Jewish opera singer (tenor), entrepreneur and voice teacher.
Löw, Judah (Rabbi Levy) Ben Betzalel [also called Maharal] (1512–1609), one of the most prominent rabbis and Halakha authorities; his name is also connected with the legend about Golem.
Luboshutz, Anna Saulovna (1887-1975), Russian Jewish-born Soviet cellist and pedagogue.
Luboshutz, Lea (Lia Liubushitz) Saulovna (1855-1965), Russian Jewish-born American violinist and pedagogue; the mother of Boris Goldovsky.
Luboshutz, Piotr [Pierre] Saulovich (1891-1971), Russian Jewish-born American pianist.
Lunacharsky, Anatoly Vasilievich (1875-1933), Russian revolutionary, the First Commissar [Secretary] of Education in the Soviet government; he was also a playwright.
Lyadov, Anatoly Konstantinovich (1855-1914), Russian composer, conductor and pedagogue.
Makovsky, Sergei Konstantinovich (1877-1962), Russian poet and art critic.
Maksakov, Maksimilian [Max Schwartz] Karlovich (1869-1936), Russian singer (baritone), stage director and impresario.
Mamontov, Savva Ivanovich (1841-1918), Russian businessman and patron of the arts; the founder of the Russian Private Opera Company (aka Mamontov Opera).
Manchester (née Markman), Dora (1898-1978), Russian Jewish immigrant who met with Chaliapin at the Cherbourg port in 1923; Peninnah Schram’s mother and Irving Markaman’s sister.
Marchak, Alexander Iosifovich (Osipovich) (1892-1975), Russian/
Ukrainian Jewish-born French jeweler and Chaliapin’s close friend.
Marcóvitch, Emil Issidorovich (1894-1981), Russian Jewish-born photographer; lived in Moscow and emigrated to France.
Marcóvitch, Jacques (b.1933-), the son of Emil Marcóvitch; lives in New York.
Markman, Irving [Yitzhak (?)] (1900-1996), Russian Jewish immigrant who met with Chaliapin at the Cherbourg port in 1923, Peninnah Schram’s uncle.
Marshak, Samuil Yakovlevich (1887-1964), Russian Jewish-born Soviet writer, translator and poet.
Marx, Karl (1818-1883), Jewish-born German philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist and revolutionary socialist.
Massenet, Jules Émile Frédéric (1842-1912), French composer.
Mazini, Angelo (1844-1926), Italian opera singer (tenor); sang for many seasons in Russia.
Mechnikov, Ilya [Elie] Ilyich (1845-1916), Russian microbiologist and immunologist, the son of an officer of the Imperial Guard of Romanian descent and a Jewish mother; the winner of the 1907 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine.
Medvedev, Mikhail Efimovich [Bernstein, Meer Khaimovich] (1858-1925), Russian Jewish operatic singer (tenor) and voice teacher.
Meichik, Alexandra (stage name Anna Meichik) Davydovna (1875-1934), Russian Jewish-born Soviet opera and concert singer (contralto).
Melchior, Lauritz (1890-1973), Danish-born (naturalized American citizen) opera singer (tenor); one of the most famous Wagnerian Heldentenors.
Melodist [married name Yaron], Eleonora Yakovlevna (1871-?), Russian Jewish-born Soviet opera singer (soprano) and pedagogue.
Mendelevich, Alexander Abramovich (1886-1958), Russian Jewish-born Soviet stand-up comedian and entertainer.
Mendelsshon, Jakob Ludwig Felix (1809-1847), German Jewish-born composer, pianist, organist and conductor.
Merovitch, Alexander (1893-1965), Russian Jewish-born American concert manager.
Merwolff, Rudolf Ivanovich (1887-1942), Russian/Soviet pianist, composer and pedagogue; in 1915, accompanied Chaliapin during his concerts in Baku.
Metternich, Prince Klemens Wenzel von (1773–1859), Austrian statesman.
Meyerhold, Vsevolod Emil’evich (1874-1940), Russian/Soviet theatre director, actor and theatrical producer.
Michelet, Michel [Lewin (later naturalized in America as Levine), Mikhail Isaakovich] (1894 -1995), Russian Jewish-born American pianist and composer.
Mikhailov, Mikhail Ivanovich [Silberstein Moicei Ioakimovich] (1858-1929), Russian Jewish opera singer (tenor).
Milstein, Nathan Mironovich (1904-1992), Russian Jewish-born American violinist.
Młynarski, Emil Szymon (1870-1935), Polish conductor, violinist, composer, and pedagogue.
Modestov [Bluvstein], Yuly Aronovich (1874-1921 [1870-1920?], Russian Jewish opera singer (baritone).
Mogilevsky, Mikhail [Mendel] Semeonovich (1897-2000), Russian Jewish-born Soviet medical doctor and biochemist; naturalized American citizen.
Monakhov, Nikolai Fedorovich (1875-1936), Russian drama actor.
Moniuszko, Stanisław (1819-1872), Polish composer and conductor.
Morfessi, Yuri Spiridonovich (1882-1957), Russian popular singer; after the revolution, left Soviet Russia.
Mozzhukhin, Alexander Ilyich (1879-1952), Russian operatic singer (bass), the eldest brother of the Russian movie star Ivan Mozzhukhin.
Mukhtarova, Fat’ma Sattarovna (1893-1972), Russian/Soviet operatic singer (mezzo soprano) of Middle Eastern origin (Azeri father from Persia [now Iran] and Lipka Tatar mother from than Russian Azerbaijan).
Munshtein (pen name Lolo), Leonid Grigorievich [Leon Gershkovich] (1868-1947), Russian Jewish-born poet-satirist, dramatist, journalist, and publicist; after leaving Soviet Russia lived and died in France.
Mussorgsky, Modest Petrovich (1839-1881), Russian composer.
Naideonov [Alekseev], Sergei Alexandrovich (1868-1922), Russian playwright.
Napelbaum, Moisey Solomonovich [Movsha Eliyavich] (1869-1958), Russian Jewish- born Soviet photographer in St. Petersburg/Leningrad. Napravnik, Eduard Frantsevich (1839-1916), Czech-born Russian composer and conductor; Chief Conductor (1869-1916) of the Mariinsky Opera Company.
Naydenov, Assen Jacob (1899-1995), Bulgarian conductor.
Neiburg (Neiberg), Yakov (?-?), Russian Jewish provincial actor and chorister, Chaliapin’s acquaintance in Ufa.
Nelidova-Fiveiskaya, Lydia Yakovlevna (1894-1978), Russian ballerina and poet.
Nemensky, Isaak Osipovich (Iosifovich) (1859-1940), Russian Jewish-born theater costume tailor; after leaving Soviet Russia lived and died in France.
Nemirovich-Danchenko, Vladimir Ivanovich (1858-1943), Russian theater director, pedagogue, writer and playwright; in 1898, along with Stanislavsky, founded the Moscow Art Theatre.
Nikolas II [Romanov, Nikolai Alexandrovich] (1868-1918), Russian Emperor; assassinated by Bolsheviks.
Nikulin (Nikoulin), Veniamin Ivanovitch [Ol’kenitskyi, Veniamin Vol’fovich] (1866-1953), Russian Jewish-born actor, impresario and memoirist.
Nikulin, Lev Veniaminovich (1891-1967), Russian/Soviet writer of Jewish descent, son of Veniamin Nikulin [Ol’kenitskyi].
Obraztsov [Shapfirin], Lev Mikhailovich (1865-1942), Russian Jewish-born Soviet opera singer (baritone) and pedagogue.
Oldenburg, Duke of [Prince Petr Alexandrovich Oldenburgsky] (1868-1924), brother-in-law of Nicolas II; patron of the Narodnyi Dom Opera in St. Petersburg.
Olshanetsky, Alexander (1892-1946), Russian Jewish-born American composer, conductor, and violinist.
Orlovskaya [Freidenstein], Anna Abramovna (1894- after 1966), Russian Jewish-born Soviet opera and concert singer (soprano) and pedagogue.Pasternak, Boris Leonidovich (1890-1960), Russian Jewish-born Soviet poet and writer.Pasternak, Leon Osipovich (Leonid Iosifovich) [Yitzhok-Leib] (1862-1945), Russian Jewish painter, the father of Boris Pasternak.
Patti, Adelina Juana Maria (1843-1919), highly acclaimed 19th-century Spanish born Italian opera singer (soprano).
Pavlova, Anna Pavlovna [Matveevna] (1881-1931); Russian Prima ballerina. Matvei Pavlov was her stepfather who adopted her at the age of three. According to her consanguineous brothers, her biological father was in fact Russian Jewish banker Lazar Solomonovich Polyakov (1843-1914).
Pavlovskaya-Borovik, Vera Ilyinichna (1886-1975), Russian Jewish-born Soviet opera and concert singer (soprano) and pedagogue.Pazovsky, Ariy Moiseevich (1887-1953), Russian Jewish-born Soviet conductor.
Peniaev [stage name Bekkhanov], Ivan Petrovich (?-1929), operatic singer, drama actor, stage director in the Russian provinces.
Peshkov (née Volzhina) Ekaterina Pavlovna (1887-1965), the Soviet human rights activist, the wife of Maxim Gorky.
Piatigorsky, Gregor (Grigorii Pavlovich) (1903-1976), Russian Jewish-born American cellist.
Piatnitsky, Konstantin Petrovich (1864-1938), Russian publisher and Managing Director of the book publishing company “Znanie.”
Pikok, Vladimir Robertovich (1875-1943), Russian Jewish-born Soviet opera singer (tenor);
Pirogov, Grigori Stepanovich (1885-1931), Russian operatic and chamber singer (bass).
Planquette, Jean Robert (1848-1903), French composer of songs and operettas.Plotnikov, Eugene [Evgenyi Evgenievich] (1877-1951), Russian conductor.
Polakoff-Kittain, Rita Osipovna [Kitten, Revekka Iosifovna] (1895-1957), Russian Jewish-born singer (soprano); in 1940, she and Lydia Chaliapin opened in New York a studio for vocal and dramatic instructions.
Polyakov [pen name Polyakov-Litovtsev], Solomon L’vovich (1875-1945), Russian Jewish-born journalist, writer, playwright and editor; left Soviet Russia and settled in Paris and later in New York; in 1931-32 collaborated with Chaliapin in writing his second book of memoirs Maska i dusha known in English as Man and Mask.
Pomerantsev, Kirill Dmitrievich (1906-1991), Russian poet, critic, journalist; left Soviet Russia in 1919; from 1927 lived in Paris.
Pope Francis (b.1936-), the current (266th) head of the Catholic Church.
Presman, Matvei Leont’evich (1870-1941), Russian Jewish-born provincial pianist and pedagogue; served as an accompanist to Chaliapin in Tiflis in 1892-1894.
Press, Josef Isaakovitch (1881 or 1880?-1924), Russian Jewish-born American cellist.
Press, Mikhail (Michael) [Moisej] Isaakovich (1871-1938), Russian Jewish-born American violinist, conductor and music educator; Josef Press’ brother.
Prokofiev, Sergei Sergeevich (1891-1953), Russian/Soviet composer, pianist and conductor.
Pushkin, Alexander Sergeevich (1799-1837), Russian poet, writer and playwright, considered to be the “father” of modern Russian literature.
Rabinovich, Max [Mendel Adolfovich] (1890-1973), Russian/Latvian Jewish-born American pianist who for eight years was Chaliapin’s favorite accompanist; naturalized American citizen.
Rachmaninov, Sergei Vasilievich (1873-1943), Russian (naturalized American citizen) composer, pianist and conductor.
Raisa, Rosa [Raitza Burchstein] (1893-1963), Russian/Polish Jewish-born opera singer (soprano) and pedagogue.
Rap-Yanovskaya (Golinkin), Miriam Borisovna (1891-1992), Russian Jewish-born singer (soprano), the leading soloist of the Jewish Opera in Palestine; Mordekhai Golinkin’s wife.
Ratgauz (Rathaus), Daniil Maximovich (1868-1937), Russian Jewish-born poet and lyricist. Razumny, Solomon [Ephraim Zalman] (1866-1905 or 1864-1904), Ober-Kantor of the Novaya [aka “Shalashnaya” or “Kholdnaya”] Synagogue in Odessa.
Reger, Max (1873-1916), German pianist, composer, conductor, and pedagogue.
Repin, Ilya Efimovich (1844-1930), Russian painter.
Reznikov, Vladimir Danilovich (?-1941), Russian Jewish-born provincial actor and Soviet impresario; in 1915, one of the producers of the first (silent) film with Chaliapin as the protagonist.
Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai Andreyevich (1844-1908), Russian composer, a member of a group known as The Mighty Five.
Ritch, Theodore [Feodor Yakovlevich Rabinovitch] (1894 [1892?]-1943), Russian Jewish-born opera singer (tenor). After leaving Soviet Russia, performed across Europe and in the United States; after his retirement settled in Paris as a voice teacher. He was a victim of Nazism and perished during WWII.
Rivkin, Jacob (Yasha) Leon (1877-1952), Russian/Ukrainian Jewish-born American photographer; lived, worked and was buried in Tulsa, OK.
Rolland, Romain (1866-1944), French dramatist, novelist, essayist and art historian; the winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1915.
Romanov, Michael Pavlovich, Grand Duke (1798-1849), the fourth son of Paul I of Russia.
Romanov, Sergei Alexandrovich, Grand Duke (1857-1905), the son of Emperor Alexander II, the brother of Alexander III and the uncle of Emperor Nikolai II. Between 1891 and 1905, the Grand Duke Sergei served as Governor General of Moscow and was assassinated by a terrorist bomb at the Kremlin.
Rosental, A.L. (?-?), Russian Jewish provincial conductor in Tiflis.
Rosenthal, Rachel (1926-2015), French-born American interdisciplinary performer.Rostovsky, Nikolai [Frumson, Nokhim Abramovich] (1873-1949), Russian Jewish operatic singer (tenor).

Roth, Moira, Professor of Art History (?-), Mills College, Oakland, CA.
Rtcheulov (Rtcheul), Boris Aleksandrovich (1899-1942), Russian-born Soviet scientist and inventor, the son of Alexander Rtcheulov; Feodor Chaliapin’s godson.
Rtcheulov [Rtcheulishvili, stage name Sanin], Alexander Grigorievich (18??-19??) Russian/Georgian singer (tenor) who sang with Chaliapin at the Tiflis Opera Company.
Rubinstein (Rubinshteyn), Ida L’vovna (1883-1960), Russian Jewish-born [in 1936 converted to Roman Catholicism] ballet dancer, actress and art patron.
Rubinstein, Anton Grigorievich (1829-1894), Russian Jewish-born composer, pianist and conductor, the founder of the Saint Petersburg Conservatory.
Rubinstein, Arthur (Artusha) Isaakovich (1887-1982), Russian/Polish Jewish-born American pianist, Chaliapin’s friend.
Ruchieov (Zilber), Alexander Alexandrovich [Abelevich] (1899-1970), Russian Jewish- born Soviet composer.
Rukavishnikova, Varavara Feodorovna (1878-1966), Russian and Soviet porcelain painter.
Rummel, Isaak Mikhailovich (1894-1964), Russian Jewish-born Soviet manager of the Pskov Drama Theater and Chaliapin’s impresario in 1919.
Rummel, Mirra Alexandrovna [Miriam Abelevna] (1890-1988?), the wife of Isaak Rummel; the sister of Alexander Ruchieov.
Ruslanova, Lydia Andreevna [Leikina, Agaf’ia Andreevna] (1900-1973) Soviet singer of popular and fold songs.
Sabaneev, Leonid Leonidovich (1881-1968), Russian pianist, composer and musicologist, from 1926 lived in France.
Safonov, Vasili [Wassily Safonoff] Ilyich (1852-1918) Russian pianist, teacher, conductor and composer.
Samossoud, Jacques Alexander [Samosud, Yakov Abramovich?] (1890/1892?-1966), Russian Jewish-born (naturalized American citizen) conductor and composer.
Samosud Samuil Abramovich (1884-1964), Russian Jewish-born Soviet conductor.
Sanin [Shenberg], Alexander Akimovich (1869-1956), Russian Jewish-born actor, stage director and pedagogue; after 1922 lived abroad; buried in Rome, Italy.
Sari, Ada [Jadwiga Szajerówna] (1886-1968), Polish operatic singer (soprano) and pedagogue.
Schiller, Johann Christoph Friedrich (1759-1805), German poet and playwright.
Schneider, Ilya Ilyich (1891-1980), Russian Jewish-born Soviet journalist.
Schouvaloff (née Chaliapin, in the first marriage Robertson), Dasia Feodorovna (1921-1977), Chaliapin’s youngest daughter from his second marriage, author of recollections about her father.
Schram, Peninnah (b.1931-), American educator and storyteller; Professor of Speech and Drama at Stern College of Yeshiva University.
Scriabin, Alexander Nikolayevich (1872-1915), Russian composer, pianist and pedagogue.
Sedykh, Andrey (Tsvibak, Yakov Moiseevich) (1902-1994), Russian Jewish-born, American journalist, writer and long-term editor of the Russian daily newspaper Novoe russkoe slovo.
Seidel, Toscha [Anton, Antosha] Shmulievich (1899-1962), Russian Jewish-born American violinist.
Seidenberg, Leon Savelievich [?] (?-?), Russian Jewish-born photographer; emigrated to France.
Seidenberg, Savelyi Moiseevich [Govelyi, Shoel Moshkov] (1862-1942), Russian Jewish-born Soviet painter; perished during the Siege of Leningrad.
Semeonov-Samarsky (Rosenberg), Semeon Yakovlevich (?-1911), Russian Jewish singer, director, producer, and entrepreneur in provincial Russia. Serov, Alexander Nikolayevich (1820-1871), Russian composer and music critic, the father of one Chaliapin’s close friends, artist Valentin Serov.
Serov, Valentin Alexandrovich (1865-1911), Russian (half Jewish) painter, the son of Alexander Serov and composer Valentina Bergman; he was one of Chaliapin’s closest friends.
Serova (née Bergman), Valentina Semenovna (1846-1924), Russian composer born in the Jewish family converted to Lutheran; the wife of Alexander Serov and the mother of Valentin Serov.
Serova (née Trubnikova), Olga Feodorovna (1865-1927), Valentin Serov’s wife.
Shabad, A. (?-?), Russian Jewish painter.
Shakespeare, William (1564-1616), English poet, playwright, and actor.
Shayen (née Nikoulin), Tamara Veniaminovna (1902-1983), Russian-born American movie actress; daughter of Veniamin Nikulin and wife of Russian-born American movie actor, Akim Tamiroff.
Sherling, Myron Abramovich (1880-1958), Russian Jewish-born Soviet photographer in St. Petersburg/Leningrad.
Shestokryl-Kovalenko, Mikhail (?-?), Chaliapin’s valet.
Shpolyansky, Aminodav Peisakhovich [Aminad Petrovich; pen name Don-Aminado] (1888-1957), Russian Jewish humorist, satirist, poet, journalist and writer. Shulman, Boris L’vovich [Borukh Leib] (1870-1963), from 1905 to 1917, Ober-Kantor of the Novaya Synagogue in Odessa; assumed this responsibilities after the death of his mentor, Kantor Razymny.
Sibiryakov, Lev (Leo) Mikhailovich [Spivak, Leib Moiseevich] (1869[1870?]-1938, Russian Jewish-born operatic singer (bass); after leaving Soviet Russia sang and taught singing in the United States and Europe.
Siloti (Zilotti), Alexander Ilyich (1863-1945), Russian, later American pianist, conductor and composer, first cousin of Sergei Rachmaninov.
Simonovich (née Bergman), Adelaida Semenovna (1844-1933), Russian Jewish pedagogue and Russia’s first theoretician of preschool upbringing; the wife of Yakov Simonovich and sister of Valentina Bergman; Valentin Serov’s aunt.
Simonovich, Yakov Mironovich (1840-1883), Russian Jewish doctor; the husband of Adelaida Simonovich.
Siróta (née Horenstein), Augustine [Gisella Abramovna] (1893-1985), Leo Sirota’s wife and Jascha Horenstein’s sister.
Siróta Gordon, Beata (1923-2012), Austrian born American performing arts presenter and women's rights advocate; daughter of Leo and Augustine Sirota.
Siróta, Leo [Lev Grigorievich] (1885-1965), Russian Jewish-born American pianist and pedagogue; Peter (Pierre) Sirota’s brother.
Siróta, Pierre [Peter Grigorievich] (~1880-1942?), Russian Jewish-born Chaliapin’s impresario; during the Nazi occupation of France perished in Auschwitz.
Skitalets [Petrov], Stepan Gavrilovich (1869-1941), Russian writer and poet.
Skvortsov, Alexei Alexandrovich (1891-1977), Russian/Soviet porcelain painter.
Slepyan, Moisei Grigorievich [Meer Gerzovich] (1872-1941), Russian Jewish-born Soviet painter.
Slobodskaya, Oda [Ada] Abramovna (1888-1970), Russian Jewish-born opera and concert singer (soprano). In 1922, left Soviet Russia and, under the stage name of Odali Careno, sang in the USA, and later in England.
Slonimsky, Nicolas [Nikolai Leonidovich] (1894-1995), Russian Jewish-born, American musicologist and lexicographer.
Sobinov, Leonid Vitalievich (1872-1934), Russian opera and concert singer (tenor).
Sokolsky [Kudriavtsev], Konstantin Tarasovich (1904-1991), Russian popular singer.
Sopkin, Stefan Abraham (1900-1975), American violinist; took part in many of Chaliapin’s concerts.Sorine (Sorin), Savely Abramovich [Savii, Zavel’ Izrailevich] (1878-1953), Russian Jewish-born portraitist. After leaving Soviet Russia lived and died in the US.
Stalin (Dzhugashvili), Iosif Vissarionovich (1879-1953), Soviet politician.
Starikov, Solomon Moiseevich (1869-1932), Russian Jewish-born Soviet pianist, conductor and pedagogue.
Stark [pen name Zigfrid], Eduard Alexandrovich (1874-1942), Russian music critic and musicologist.
Stasov, Vladimir Vasilievich (1824-1906), Russian lawyer by training, who became one of the most famous literature, art and music critics of his time.
Shteyman, Mikhail Osipovich (1889[1893?]-1949), Russian Jewish-born Soviet conductor and pianist.
Strindberg, Johan August (1849-1912), Swedish playwright, novelist, poet, and essayist.
Strok, Awsay (Avsey) Davidovich (1877-1956), Russian/Latvian Jewish-born American impresario; Oscar Strok’s brother.
Strok, Oscar Davydovich (1893-1975), Russian/Latvian Jewish-born Soviet composer.
Strokin Mikhail Porfir’evich (1832-1887), Russian Liturgical composer.
Suvorin, Alexei Sergeevich (1834-1912), Russian publisher and playwright.
Svetlanov, Feodor Petrovich (1897-1976), Russian/Soviet opera singer (baritone); the father of Yevgeny Svetlanov.
Svetlanov, Yevgeny Feodorovich (1928-2002), Soviet/Russian composer, conductor and pianist.
Talmazan, A. [Isaak] Iosifovich (?-?), Russian Jewish-born Soviet opera singer (tenor).Taneev, Sergei Ivanovich (1856-1915), Russian composer, pianist, and for four years Director of Moscow Conservatory.
Tartakov, Ioakim Viktorovich (1860-1923), Russian Jewish-born (later baptized) operatic and chamber singer (baritone), stage director and voice teacher.
Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Ilyich (1840-1893), Russian composer, pianist and conductor.Tcherepnin, Nikolai Nikolayevich (1873-1945), Russian composer and conductor.
Teleshov, Nikolai Dmitrievich (1867-1957), Russian/Soviet writer.
Telyakovsky, Vladimir Arkad’evich (1860-1924), the last Director (1901-1917) of the Imperial Theaters.
Tenishev, Viacheslav Nikolayevich, Prince (1843-1903), Russian businessman, ethnographer and archeologist.
Tiomkin, Dimitri [Dmitry Zinovievich] (1894-1979), Russian Jewish-born American film score composer, conductor and pianist.
Tolstoy, Leo [Lev Nikolayevich] (1828-1910), Russian writer, philosopher and playwright.
Tomars, Iosif [Iosif-Ber] Semenovich (1867-1934), Russian Jewish-born Soviet opera and concert singer (tenor) and pedagogue. Toscanini, Arturo (1867-1957), Italian and American conductor.
Troupiansky, Yakov Abramovich (1878-1955), Russian Jewish-born Soviet sculptor and applied artist.
Tseitlin, Esfir (?-?), Russian Jewish opera singer (soprano); Chaliapin’s partner in the charity concert in Tiflis in 1894.
Tsemakh, Nahum Lazarevich (1887-1939), Russian Jewish-born actor, stage director; the founder of the Jewish theater Habimah; after leaving Soviet Russia lived in Tel-Aviv.
Tsereteli, Alexi Akakievich, Prince (1869-1943), operatic impresario in Russia and later in France, the founder of the Russian Opera Company in Paris.
Tsesevich, Platon Ivanovich (1879-1947), Russian/Soviet opera singer (bass).
Tsetlin [pen name Amari], Mikhail Osipovich [Iosifovich] (1882-1945), Russian Jewish-born poet, writer, critic and publisher; after leaving Soviet Russia lived in Paris.
Tynianov, Yuri Nikolayevich (1894-1943), Soviet writer, literary critic, translator and screenwriter.
Ulanova, Galina Sergeyevna (1910-1998), Soviet ballet dancer.
Usatov, Dmitry Andreevich (1847-1913), Russian opera singer (tenor), Professor of singing in Tiflis, Chaliapin’s one and only vocal teacher.
Usatova, Maria Petrovna (?-1926), the wife of Dmitry Usatov.Ushkov (née Eluchen), Theresa [Tereza Valentinovna] (1880-1931), Konstantin Ushkov’s second wife; Nataly Koussevitzky’s step-mother.
Ushkov, Konstantin Kapitonovich (1850-1918), Russian industrialist and merchant, patron of the arts; Natalie Ushkov’s (Koussevitzky) father.
Vakhtangov, Evgeny Bagrationovich (1883-1922), Russian actor and theater director.
Vasilenko, Sergei Nikiforovich (1872-1956) Russian and Soviet composer.
Vedel, Artemy Luk’yanovich (1767-1808), Russian/Ukrainian composer and chorus conductor.
Veresaev [Smidovich], Vikenty Vikentievich (1867-1945), Russian writer and medical doctor of Polish descent.
Verstovsky, Alexey Nikolayevich (1799-1862), Russian composer.
Vilbushevich, Evgeny Borisovich (1874-1933), Russian and Soviet pianist and composer.
Vinogradov [Weinstein], Iosif Semenovich [Solomonovich] (1866[1864?]-?), Russian Jewish-born opera singer (baritone).
Volf-Israel, Evgeniy Vladimirovich (1872-1956), Russian Jewish-born Soviet cellist.
Volf-Israel Mikhail Alexandrovich (1869-1934), Russian Jewish-born Soviet violinist; Evgeniy Volf-Israel’s cousin.
Volkenstein, Lev Filippovich [Isaak-Leib Fishelevich] (1858-1935), Russian Jewish-born lawyer and journalist, Chaliapin’s acquaintance; after leaving Soviet Russia lived in France.
Volkenstein, Mikhail Filippovich (1861-1934), Russian Jewish-born lawyer, Chaliapin’s friend and personal attorney; after leaving Soviet Russia lived in Estonia, was buried in Tallinn.
Volkenstein, Vladimir Mikhailovich (1883-1974), Russian Jewish-born Soviet poet, dramatist and theater critic.
Vrubel, Mikhail Aleksandrovich (1856-1910), Russian painter and sculptor.
Weiss, Dmitry Nikolayevich (1880-1960), Russian/Soviet pianist and pedagogue; one of Chaliapin’s accompanists.
Wolf, Thomas (b.1944-), American educator who established the Cambridge consultant office of Wolf Brown; Lea Luboshutz’s grandson.
Yaron, Grigory Markovich (1893-1963), Russian Jewish-born Soviet operetta and movie actor.
Yesipova, Anna Nikolayevna (1851-1914), Russian pianist and pedagogue.
Zilber, Elena Alexandrovna [Lea Abelevna] (1892-1944), the wife of writer Yuri Tynianov.
Zilber, Lev Alexandrovich [Abelevich] (1894-1966), Russian Jewish-born Soviet micro-biologist, virologist, and immunologist; Elena Zilber’s brother.
Zilbershtein (Silberstein), Leonid Andreevich (1883-1962), Russian Jewish-born Soviet landscape painter.
Zimbalist, Efrem [Efraim] Aronovich (1889-1885), Russian Jewish-born American violinist.
Zimin, Sergei Ivanovich (1875-1942), Russian impresario and the founder of the Zimin Opera Company.
Zimmerman, Mikhail Sergeevich (1869-1923), Russian Jewish-born opera singer (bass), stage director and impresario.
Zlatin, Moisei Markovich (1882-1953), Russian Jewish-born conductor and pianist, after leaving Soviet Russia conducted at the Bulgarian National Opera.
Zolotovich, Petr Vladislav (1893-1977), Bulgarian singer (baritone).

The book is addressed to opera lovers, singers, music and sociology students and researchers, as well as to those involved in the research of Jewish Studies and Russian History.

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