Carboxymethyl Cellulose. Volume II: Pharmaceutical and Industrial Applications

Md. Ibrahim H. Mondal (Editor)
Polymer and Textiles Research Lab, Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

Series: Biochemistry Research Trends
BISAC: SCI007000

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Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), also known as cellulose gum, is manufactured by the chemical synthesis of naturally-derived cellulose with chloroacetic acid. The multifunctional aspects of this product make it favorable for use as a key intermediate or ingredient in several applications. Furthermore, CMC is incorporated as a binding, thickening, stabilizing, emulsifying, suspending, sizing and coating agent in various applications. Cellulose gum enhances the aesthetics of the finished product by imparting a smooth texture and modifies the viscosity of various foods and beverages, superabsorbent hydrogels (as in many personal care products), cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. Textiles, paper and board, oil and gas drilling, paints and adhesives, and soaps and detergents are other major applications in the global market. The present book thus covers a wide range of applications; hence, a great number of people, both academics and industrialists, may find topics of interest about CMC, as well as other cellulosics.

Although there are many research publications, patents and reports on CMC, no books about it are yet available. The present book reviews some vital issues and topics on the latest scientific and technological advances in carboxymethylcellulose. This book will provide an essential source of information to readers, in the exploration of possible applications of CMC, and in the generation of new ideas for product development.

The book is divided into two volumes: Carboxymethyl Cellulose: Volume I – Synthesis and Characterization, and Carboxymethyl Cellulose: Volume II – Pharmaceutical and Industrial Applications. The book contains a total of 32 entries on selected topics. Each chapter describes some specific issues and gives the current status of research and technology in the study of synthesis routes or design concepts, methods and fabrication strategies, characterization and applications of CMC products, as well as future prospects for research in the subject area.

Highlights of this book include synthesis and formation mechanisms of CMC, structure property relationships, homogeneous and heterogeneous phase modification to create common and functional products, analysis and characterization, absorption and swelling mechanisms, stimuli-responsive and super-absorbency nature, and a wide range of multi-dimensional applications, including human consumption and uses.

Dedication

Preface

Chapter 1. Smart Applications of Carboxymethyl Cellulose
(Shimaa Mohamed Elsaeed and Elsayed Gamal Zaki, Petroleum Application Department, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, Cairo, Egypt)

Chapter 2. Non-Conventional Applications
(El-Sayed Zaki and Shimaa Mohamed Elsaeed, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt)

Chapter 3. Synthesis of External Stimuli-Responsive Hydrogels Based on CMC and Other Cellulose Derivatives for Advanced Applications
(Shah M. Reduwan Billah, Md. Ibrahim H. Mondal, Sazzad H. Somoal, M. Nahid Pervez and Md. Obaidul Haque, University of East London, London, UK, and others)

Chapter 4. Food Applications of Carboxymethyl Cellulose
(Süleyman Polat, Mustafa Kemal Uslu and Ahmet Oktay Küçüközet, Food Engineering Department, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey, and others)

Chapter 5. Biomedical Applications of Carboxymethyl Cellulose
(Nilimanka Das, Regional Institute of Pharmaceutical Science & Technology, Agartala, Tripura, India)

Chapter 6. Medical and Pharmaceutical Applications of Carboxymethyl Cellulose
(İsa Şahin, Kevser Öztürk, Vildan Şanko, Zeynep Koçer, Ümran Aydemir Sezer, PhD and Serdar Sezer, PhD, Institute of Chemical Technology, TUBITAK Marmara Research Center, Gebze, Kocaeli, Turkey, and others)

Chapter 7. Naturally Derived Cellulose Derivatives: Versatile Applications in Novel Drug Delivery
(Jagadevappa S. Pati, Kailash V. Vilegave, Shivsharan B. Dhadde, Siddaruda M. Biradar and Sharanabasappa C. Marapur, VT’s Shivajirao S Jondhle College of Pharmacy, Asangaon, Maharashtra, India, and others)

Chapter 8. Applications of Carboxymethyl Cellulose in Cosmetics
(Asma Rehman, Hafiza Faiza Khalid, Bushra Tehseen and Waheed S. Khan, National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Faisalabad, Pakistan)

Chapter 9. Applications of Carboxymethylcellulose in Soaps and Detergents
(Asit Baran Samui, Institute of Chemical Technology, Nathalal Parekh Marg, Matunga, Mumbai)

Chapter 10. Application of Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) in Textile Industry
(Sheila Shahidi, Department of Textile, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran)

Chapter 11. Needleless Electrospinning of Carboxymethyl Cellulose
(Robin Böttjer, Timo Grothe, Daria Wehlage and Andrea Ehrmann, Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Engineering and Mathematics, Working Group of Textile Technologies, Bielefeld, Germany)

Chapter 12. Carboxymethyl Cellulose Applications in Papermaking
(Mohammad Azadfallah, Wood and Paper Science and Technology Department, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran)

Chapter 13. Anticorrosion Applications of Carboxymethyl Cellulosic Systems for Industrial Metals
(Ubong Eduok and Jerzy Szpunar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan, Canada)

Chapter 14. Applications of Carboxymethyl Cellulose in Agriculture
(Abdulraheim M. A. Hasan and Manar El-Sayed Abdel-Raouf, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, Nasr city, Cairo, Egypt)

Chapter 15. Development of Superabsorbent Graft Copolymer Hydrogel Based on Carboxymethyl Cellulose for Water Retention in Sandy Soil
(Mohamed S. Mohy Eldin, Ahmed M. Omer, Tamer M. Tamer, M. A. Hassan, Randa E. Khalifa and Samar A. Gaber, Polymer Materials Research Department, Advanced Technology and New Materials Research Institute, City of Scientific Research and Technological Applications, New Borg El-Arab City, Alexandria, Egypt, and others)

Chapter 16. Carboxymethylcellulose: A Tool for Wine Tartaric Stabilisation
(Fernanda Cosme, Juliana Milheiro, Luís Filipe-Ribeiro and Fernando M. Nunes, CQ-VR, Chemistry Research Centre, Food and Wine Chemistry Lab, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, School of Life Science and Environment, Vila Real, Portugal)

Index

The book will be a valuable reference for students, research scholars, academics and industrialists in the field of cellulose derivatives research.

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