Carboxymethyl Cellulose. Volume I: Synthesis and Characterization

Md. Ibrahim H. Mondal (Editor)
Polymer and Textiles Research Lab, Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

Series: Biochemistry Research Trends
BISAC: SCI007000




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Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), also known as cellulose gum, is manufactured by the chemical synthesis of naturally-derived cellulose with chloroacetic acid. The multifunctional aspects of this product make it favorable for use as a key intermediate or ingredient in several applications. Furthermore, CMC is incorporated as a binding, thickening, stabilizing, emulsifying, suspending, sizing and coating agent in various applications. Cellulose gum enhances the aesthetics of the finished product by imparting a smooth texture and modifies the viscosity of various foods and beverages, superabsorbent hydrogels (as in many personal care products), cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. Textiles, paper and board, oil and gas drilling, paints and adhesives, and soaps and detergents are other major applications in the global market. The present book thus covers a wide range of applications; hence, a great number of people, both academics and industrialists, may find topics of interest about CMC, as well as other cellulosics.

Although there are many research publications, patents and reports on CMC, no books about it are yet available. The present book reviews some vital issues and topics on the latest scientific and technological advances in carboxymethylcellulose. This book will provide an essential source of information to readers, in the exploration of possible applications of CMC, and in the generation of new ideas for product development.

The book is divided into two volumes: Carboxymethyl Cellulose: Volume I – Synthesis and Characterization, and Carboxymethyl Cellulose: Volume II – Pharmaceutical and Industrial Applications. The book contains a total of 32 entries on selected topics. Each chapter describes some specific issues and gives the current status of research and technology in the study of synthesis routes or design concepts, methods and fabrication strategies, characterization and applications of CMC products, as well as future prospects for research in the subject area.

Highlights of this book include synthesis and formation mechanisms of CMC, structure property relationships, homogeneous and heterogeneous phase modification to create common and functional products, analysis and characterization, absorption and swelling mechanisms, stimuli-responsive and super-absorbency nature, and a wide range of multi-dimensional applications, including human consumption and uses.



Chapter 1. Synthesis of Carboxymethyl Cellulose: Production, Modification, and Novel Preparation Methods
(Neslihan Kayra and Ali Özhan Aytekin, Biotechnology Graduate Program, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Yeditepe University, İstanbul, Turkey, and others)

Chapter 2. Manufacturing Process and Technology of Carboxymethyl Cellulose
(Lakshmi Priya Datta, Tapan Kumar Das and Mahuya Das, University of Kalyani, Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal, India, and others)

Chapter 3. Assessing the Effects of Different Cellulose Particle Sizes on Yield and Quality of Carboxymethyl Cellulose
(Mst. Sarmina Yeasmin, Md. Obaidul Haque, Firoz Ahmed, Md. Abdul Jalil1, Nasifa Akter and Md. Ibrahim H. Mondal, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories, Rajshahi, Bangladesh, and others)

Chapter 4. Adsorption Behavior of CMC Hydrogel for Industrial Applications
(Md. Obaidul Haque, Md. Ibrahim H. Mondal, Firoz Ahmed and Mst. Sarmina Yeasmin, Polymer and Textile Research Lab, Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh, and others)

Chapter 5. Physicochemical and Biological Properties of Carboxymethyl Cellulose
(Camelia-Elena Iurciuc (Tincu), Leonard Ionut Atanase and Marcel Popa, “Gheorghe Asachi” Technical University, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Protection of the Environment, Department of Natural and Synthetic Polymers, Iasi, Romania, and others)

Chapter 6. Fabrication and Swelling Behavior of CMC-Based Superabsorbent Polymers
(Sunil Kumar Bajpai, Manjula Bajpai, Priyanka Shukla and Surinderpal Singh Saggu, Polymer Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Govt. Science College, Jabalpur, India, and others)

Chapter 7. The Adsorption Property of Carboxymethyl Cellulose by Molecular Dynamics Simulation
(Ali Jebali, Department of Laboratory Sciences, School of Paramedicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran, and others)

Chapter 8. Superabsorbent Hydrogels from Carboxymethyl Cellulose
(Mohammad Harun-Ur-Rashid and Abu Bin Imran, Department of Chemistry, International University of Business Agriculture and Technology, Sector 10, Uttara Model Town, Uttara, Dhaka, Bangladesh, and others)

Chapter 9. Spectroscopic Characterization of Carboxymethylcellulose
(Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya, Koni, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India)

Chapter 10. Thermal Analysis of Carboxymethyl Cellulose to Explore Structure-Property Relationships
(Dilipkumar Pal and Vinod Kumar Gurjar, Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India)

Chapter 11. Carboxylated Cellulose Nanofibers as a Bone Graft for Use in Osteo-Integration
(Mohammad L. Hassan, Sayed H. Saniour, Dalia Y. Zaki, Engie M. Safwat, Mervat El-Deftar, Dalia A. Saba and Mohamed H. Zaazou, Cellulose and Paper Department & Centre of Excellence for Advanced Sciences, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt, and others)

Chapter 12. Carboxymethyl Cellulose as a Platform for Microalgae-Based Processes
(Aline M. dos Santos, Stefania Siqueira, Alberto M. dos Santos, Érika C. Francisco, Leila Q. Zepka and Eduardo Jacob-Lopes, Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM), Santa Maria, RS, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 13. Chemistry of Cellulose
(Afshin Sarvary and Sajjad keshipour, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol, Iran, and others)

Chapter 14. Cellulose Derivatives: Synthesis, Properties and Applications
(Andreea Irina Barzic, Luminita Ioana Buruiana and Raluca Marinica Albu, “Petru Poni” Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Grigore Ghica Voda Alley, Iasi, Romania)

Chapter 15. Carboxymethyl Polysaccharide
(Zizi Abdeen, Polymers Laboratory, Petrochemicals Department, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute (EPRI), Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt)

Chapter 16. Synthesis of Carboxymethyl Starch: Its Properties and Applications
(Riham Rashad Mohamed Ali, Department of Chemistry-Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt)


The book will be a valuable reference for students, research scholars, academics and industrialists in the field of cellulose derivatives research.

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