Carbon Dioxide Capture: Processes, Technology and Environmental Implications


Series: Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: MED062000

The large scale consumption of fossil fuels for the production of energy has raised CO2 levels up to 400 ppm and beyond over the last decades. These high atmospheric CO2 concentrations are linked to severe environmental problems such as the undesirable effects of global warming. In the 21st century, the world will be still searching for strategies to re-balance the natural carbon cycle and decoupling the economic growth from CO2 emissions. The transition to a low-carbon economy emerges as a priority to sustain socio-economic progress in a world of finite resources.

In this sense, Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and Carbon Capture and Utilisation (CCU) are different approaches aimed at mitigating greenhouse gas impacts from fossil fuels combustion in industrial and energy-related processes. With the rapidly growing energy demand as countries develop, the CCS and CCU may be considered as an interesting mid-term solution to mitigate environmental impacts and allow humans to continue using fossil energy until renewable energy technologies have matured. In both processes, the CO2 capture seems to be one of the main bottleneck steps where the efforts have to be applied. Thus, the development of new processes and technologies for CO2 capture in energy production is under research in order to maximize their cost-efficiency in this CO2-emission constrained framework.

The book Carbon Dioxide Capture: Processes, Technology and Environmental Implications aims at presenting the recent developments for CO2 capture processes in fossil fuel power plants (i.e. pre-combustion, post-combustion, and oxy-combustion). Besides, new and prospective breakthrough technologies for CO2 capture in CCS and CCU approaches are examined. (Imprint: Nova)


Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. An Overview of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Approaches to Mitigate Global Climate Change
Niall Mac Dowell (Imperial College London, United Kingdom)

Chapter 2. Technologies for Post-Combustion CO2 Capture by Chemical Absorption
Cristian Dinca and Adrian Badea (University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania)

Chapter 3. Mass Transfer and Kinetics of CO2 Absorption into Alkanolamines
Shailesh Kumar and M. K. Mondal (Indian Institute of Technology – Banaras Hindu University, India)

Chapter 4. Mass Transfer in Amine-Based CO2 Absorption Process: Theory and its Applications to Plant Design and Operation
Adisorn Aroonwilas and Amornvadee Veawab (University of Regina, Canada)

Chapter 5. Nitrogen-Doping Porous Carbons for CO2 Capture
Huailin Fan, Hongyan Song, Jiaqi Duan, Shijie Qu, and Wenzhong Shen (Institute of Coal Chemistry – Chinese Academy of Sciences, China)

Chapter 6. Advances in CO2 Capture, Separation and Utilization through Various Physicochemical Mechanisms using Alkaline Ceramics
Brenda Alcántar-Vázquez and Heriberto Pfeiffer (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico)

Chapter 7. Hybrid Organosilica Membranes for CO2 Separation Under Wet Conditions
Xiuxiu Ren, Masakoto Kanezashi and Toshinori Tsuru (Hiroshima University (Japan)

Chapter 8. Polyphenylene Oxide NanocompositeMembranes for Carbon Dioxide Separation
Hailin Cong, Bing Yu, Hongbo Zhang, Xin Chen, and Xiulan Zhang (Qingdao University (China)

Chapter 9. Facilitated Transport Membranes for CO2 Capture: A Hybrid Approach
Muhammad Saeed (Norwegian University of Science and Technology – NTNU, Norway)

Chapter 10. Oxy-Combustion Technologies for CO2 Capture
Amândio Rebola (Instituto Superior Técnico Lisboa, Portugal)

Chapter 11. CO2 Transport and Storage Technologies
Ahmed Hafez and Seif-Eddeen K. Fateen (American University in Cairo, Cairo University, Egypt)

Chapter 12. Photocatalytic Synthesis of Methanol from CO2 and H2O
Jonathan Albo (University of the Basque Country, Spain)


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