Can Biofuels Alleviate the Energy and Environmental Crisis?

Indra Neel Pulidindi and Aharon Gedanken
Department of Chemistry, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel

Series: Energy Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: SCI024000

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Climate change is one of the major challenges society is facing currently. Major spheres of human activity such as health, environment, agriculture, economy, transportation and education were adversely affected because of climate change. Environmental pollution owing to the indiscriminate and ever-increasing consumption of fossil-based resources is the main factor contributing to climate change.

Use of fuels produced from renewable sources like biomass cause reduction in CO2 emission and guarantee sustainable energy and a clean environment. The problems of environmental deterioration, as well as energy demands, could be alleviated by the paradigm shift to the use of biofuels from fossil fuels. Innovative strategies were recently developed for the exploitation of biomass for biofuels production. The concept of biomass itself is being understood in an unconventional sense in a way that apart from terrestrial plant resources, marine macroalgae, freshwater microalgae, industrial emissions like CO2, organic remains like glycogen are being explored as feedstock for biofuels production. Biofuel production strategies are also undergoing drastic changes like the use of solar radiation, sonochemical, microwave and accelerated electron beam irradiations to meet the fuel demand and to make the biomass conversion processes more energy- and atom-efficient and sustainable.

The objective of the compilation of the book titled “Can Biofuels Alleviate The Energy & Environmental Crisis?” is to reach out to policy makers, scientists, industrialists, and students with a message as well as scientific strategies for alleviating the twin problems of energy and environmental crisis posing a threat to future generations. The book comprises of seven judiciously designed chapters focused on producing biofuels (biodiesel, bioethanol, formic acid, synthesis gas, methane, and ethylene) and biochemicals (glucose, levulinic acid) using feedstock as diverse as lignocellulosic terrestrial biomass, marine macroalgae, glycogen, and CO2. Biomass is an ideal substitute to fossil mass as almost all the products derived from conventional refinery could be produced in a biorefinery using biomass as a carbon source. In addition to being sustainable, the biorefinery facilities are environmentally benign. The biomass conversion strategies proposed in this book facilitate the paradigm shift from fossil-based to biobased industries and help the proliferation of biorefinery facilities in the 21st century, offering a pathway for the alleviation of the problem of climate change.
(Imprint: Nova)

Chapter 1. Biomass as a Sustainable Feedstock for the Biorefinery

Chapter 2. Continuous Flow Microwave Irradiation of Biomass for Large Scale Biodiesel Production

Chapter 3. Bioethanol – A Carbon Neutral Transportation Fuel

Chapter 4. State of the Art Strategies to Produce Glucose, a Key Economic Driver of Biorefinery

Chapter 5. The Unique Structural Advantage in Levulinic Acid makes it a Key Platform Chemical

Chapter 6. Can CO2 Be an Organic Raw Material for Biorefinery?

Chapter 7. Can Biofuels Light Our Lamps?

Index

"I have no hesitation in endorsing the publication of this book. I strongly encourage and recommend the students, academicians, scientists, regulatory, and policymakers to glean through the adaptable solutions the authors have provided for the major problems (climate change and energy crisis) the world is facing currently. READ MORE... - John HT Luong, Walton Fellow and Professor, Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada

Keywords: Climate change, Global warming, Renewable energy, Biomass conversion, CO2 conversion, Biofuels, Bioochemicals

The objective of the compilation of the book titled “Can biofuels alleviate the energy & environmental crisis?” is to reach out to the policy makers, scientists, industrialists, academicians and students with a message as well as scientific strategies for alleviating the twin problems of energy and environmental crisis posting a threat to future generations.

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