Calibration Technology, Theories and Applications


Ikumatsu Fujimoto (Editor)
Okuwa Technical Reseach Center, Hanasaki Kazo city, Saitama, Japan

Kunitoshi Nishimura (Editor)
Mizukoshi Keiki Co Ltd., Tokyo, Japan

Series: Manufacturing Technology Research
BISAC: TEC020000

A calibration procedure is generally an operation to determine a relationship between an output and an input of an instrument or an essential value of a measuring object in a measuring system. In other words, the calibration is a comparison of a measuring device against a standard instrument of higher accuracy.

In measuring fields, the calibration is clearly confirmed in the traceability system. The traceability is defined as the property of a result of a measurement whereby it can be related to strictly defined standards, in general nationally or internationally recognized, through an unbroken chain of comparisons. Namely, all calibrations are strictly defined to be performed traceable to a nationally or internationally recognized standard in measuring field.

The term gcalibrationh is used not only in measuring fields but also in many other fields, such as meteorology, chemistry and economics. In these fields the term gcalibrationh is used as an operation to adjust and/or compensate a measuring system, and a method for accurately determining the relational expression between an input/output of an instrument using suitable standards, for example, an appropriate global optimization method. However, compared to the measuring field in these other research areas, the calibration seems to be defined in a less systematic way, possibly due to the different nature of these disciplines.

This volume introduces recent topics where the calibration method is applied in various research fields (metrology, radiology, meteorology, chemistry and economics) to the readers interested in learning about current available calibration procedures. In particular, the topics presented are the primary research on the determination of the relationship between the input and output of an instrument or the essential value of the measuring object, the recent research on the compensation for the difference between the input/output model (calibration model) of the instrument and the measuring value, the autonomous calibration method using an appropriate specimen, and the accurate evaluation of a calibration model by a global optimization method.

In this book, calibration is defined in the above-mentioned broad sense of the term, and the topics for discussion are broad and abundant. The standard of calibration as a method which is confirmed systematically in the measurement field has been developing also in other disciplines. Almost of all research issues may still be present, but constitute promising areas of research. (Imprint: Nova)



Table of Contents

Preface pp,vii-x

Chapter 1. Reliability in Calibration of Geometric Error of Coordinate Measuring Machine
(Makoto Abe, National Metrology Institute of Japan (NMIJ), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology AIST, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan)pp,1-20

Chapter 2. Autonomous Calibration Method of the Straightness Measuring Machine with Three-Point Method and its Uncertainty Analysis
(Ikumatsu Fujimoto and Kunitoshi Nishimura, Okuwa Technical Research Center, Yamaguchi, Japan, and others)pp,21-46

Chapter 3. On-Site Calibration Method of a Large Scale Laser Digitizer System
(Ikumatsu Fujimoto, Okuwa Technical Research Center, Yamaguchi, Japan)pp,47-64

Chapter 4. Calibration for Radiation Assessment in the Multi-Group Approximation
(Ateba P. Owono, Laboratoire de Physique Nucléaire Université de Yaoundé I, Cameroon)pp,65-90

Chapter 5. A Hybrid SCE-UA-KNN Optimisation Algorithm Applied to the Calibration of a Rainfall-Runoff Model
(Hamouda Dakhlaoui and Zoubeida Bargaoui, Université Tunis El Manar, Ecole Nationale dfIngénieurs de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia)pp,91-112

Chapter 6. Advancement in Calibration and Validation of a Model Using Data Depth Function
(Shailesh Kumar Singh, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Christchurch, New Zealand)pp,113-132

Chapter 7. Calibration Transfer of PLS Models using Virtual Standards
(Mohamed F. Abdelkader, John B. Cooper and Christopher M. Larkin, Department of Chemistry, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA, and others)pp,133-150

Chapter 8. Calibration in Chemistry: State of the Art and Applications
(Werickson Fortunato de Carvalho Rocha, Raquel Nogueira, Kássio Michell Gomes de Lima, Rodrigo Caciano de Sena, Márcia Silva da Rocha and Joyce Rodrigues de Araújo, National Institute of Metrology, Quality and Technology (INMETRO), Directorate of Industrial and Scientific Metrology, Division of Chemical Metrology, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, and others)pp,151-194

Chapter 9. Precautionary Savings and Wealth Inequality: A Global Sensitivity Analysis in a Calibrated Macroeconomic Model
(Marco Cozzi, Department of Economics, Queenfs University, Canada)pp,195-222



Index pp,223-225

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