Bubble Nucleation and Dynamics

Ho-Young Kwak
Chung-Ang University, Dongjak-gu, Seoul, Korea

Series: Physics Research and Technology
BISAC: SCI055000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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For pnenomena involving bubble nucleation, the molecular cluster model is used to predict the tensile strength and superheat limit of liquids and the amount of decompression for gaseous bubble nucleation in supersaturated solutions. The book investigates various gaseous bubble nucleation events including the bubble formation in gas-water solutions, CO bubble formation in iron melts, the formation of microcellular foams in polymers, the nucleation of nano-sized H2O bubbles in rhyolite melts, and bubble nucleation in shear flow fields. The book also investigates vaporous bubble nucleation events such as bubble formation on a cavity-free surface and inside a solid nanopore in 3M NaCl solution, superheat limit of liquids, and bubble nucleation near the absolute zero temperature by quantum tunneling in liquid helium.

For bubble dynamics phenomena, a set of homologous solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations for evolving spherical bubbles are used to treat gaseous bubble growth in organic solutions, polymer solutions, and in viscous rhyolitic melts. The growth and collapse of laser-induced vapor bubbles in liquid, and on solid particles is discussed as an example of homologous motion of the spherical object. Sonoluminescence phenomena in water and in sulfuric acid solutions, the pressure and shock wave propagation in bubbly mixtures, the gravitational collapse of Newtonian stars, and the core collapse of supernovas are also treated using these homologous solutions. The motion of a fire-ball generated by a TNT explosion underwater is obtained using a zero gravitational constant in the equation of motion for Newtonian stars.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. Nucleation Theory

Chapter 2. Vapor Bubble Nucleation in Liquids under Tension

Chapter 3. Gas Bubble Nucleation in Supersaturated Liquids

Chapter 4. Superheat Limit of Liquids

Chapter 5. Bubble Formation on Solid Surfaces

Chapter 6. Bubble Dynamics

Chapter 7. Sonoluminescence Phenomena: Hydrodynamic Aspects

Chapter 8. Pressure and Shock Waves in Bubbly Liquids

Chapter 9. Gravitational Collapse of Newtonian Stars and Underwater Explosions

Index

“This monograph concerns small bubbles in nonequilibrium situations. Describing nucleation phenomena requires that the continuum assumption be supplemented with models of molecular activity and kinetic theory. Much of this book reviews the authors original research. It is an updated version of a work originally published in Korean. The first five chapters deal with the origin and early growth of bubbles; vapor bubble formation in liquids, superheat heat limit of liquids, gaseous bubble formation in solutions, formation of bubbles in cavities, and condensation and vaporization on flat surfaces. The following four chapters concern bubble dynamics. Events are described using a set of analytical solutions for the Navier-Stokes equations with spherical symmetry. Sonoluminescence phenomena is discussed from a hydrodynamics viewpoint. One chapter is devoted to shock wave propagation in bubbly mixtures. Another chapter deals with the gravitational collapse of Newtonian stars and the core collapse of supernovas. This analysis also is relevant to a fire-ball generated by TNT explosion underwater. An engineer or scientist working with bubbles phenomena needs to be acquainted with the results in this monograph.” - Ronald L. Panton, Emeritus J. H. Herring Centennial Professor, Walker Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Texas, Austin, Texas; Author of “Incompressible Flow,” a well-known graduate test in Fluid Mechanics

“This book is a remarkable culmination of the author’s lifelong love and study of the bubble. It offers the extensive account of relevant materials in a manner so thorough but still readable that it will undoubtedly mark the fundamental reference for everyone in its field to keep.” - Wonho Jhe, Professor at Seoul National University, Associate editor of Applied Nanoscience

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