Break the Cycle of Environmental Health Disparities: Maternal and Child Health Aspects

I. Leslie Rubin, MD (Editor)
Department of Pediatrics, Morehouse School of Medicine and President, Institute for the Study of Disadvantage and Disability, Atlanta, GA, USA

Joav Merrick, MD, MMedSci, DMSc, (Editor)
Medical Director, Health Services, Division for Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Ministry of Social Affairs and Social Services, Jerusalem, Israel
Division of Adolescent Medicine, KY Children’s Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Jerusalem, Israel
Division of Pediatrics, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Centers, Mt Scopus Campus, Jerusalem, Israel
School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Series: Pediatrics, Child and Adolescent Health
BISAC: MED069000

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$179.00

Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Children living in circumstances of social and economic disadvantage are at greater risk for experiencing health conditions related to environmental factors. They often become trapped in the cycle of environmental health disparities because of poor and limited educational opportunities, lack of access to quality health care services and limited social and political capital.

“Break the Cycle” is an annual student/mentor program that was started in 2005 to address these health disparities. It brings the efforts among students of all disciplines focused on increasing the understanding of social and economic disparities in relation to environmental conditions and resulting health outcomes. “Break the Cycle” has grown in influence and geography, with an increasing number of student researchers participating each year. As a testament to its deep reach and inspiration, some of these students have changed their academic focus and professional goals following their participation in “Break the Cycle,” bringing to the field of children’s environmental health the numbers, passion and commitment necessary to address complex issues.

With ten Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units (PEHSUs) around the United States, and a few more in other countries, each PEHSUs has developed and cultivated its own specialties, styles, collaborations, partnerships and special outreach programs; the Southeast PEHSU’s “Break the Cycle” program is one such example.

This compilation from the Southeast PEHSU in collaboration with Innovative Solutions for Disadvantage and Disability (ISDD) presents important prenatal exposure research accomplished through this “Break the Cycle” mentorship program. The compilation demonstrates the enormous breadth and interactions between social, chemical and biological issues exemplified by the need to understand how, for example, the built environment might affect birth weight, how air pollution might affect behavior or how growth and development of males is affected by exposure to brominated flame retardants. Most importantly, it reveals the vulnerability of the fetus to environmental factors and the lifelong implications on the children, their families and on society.

These are the kinds of questions that stretch our minds and give us an appreciation of science, health, society and, importantly, equity. In due course, the experiences of students and mentors in “Break the Cycle” builds a cadre of enlightened and motivated participants in the effort to promote/pursue health equity in the best environments for the children of today, tomorrow and generations to come. (Imprint: Nova)

FOREWORD

INTRODUCTION

SECTION ONE: MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH

Chapter 1. Fetal Environment During Pregnancy and Vulnerability of the Central Nervous System
(I. Leslie Rubin, Innovative Solutions for Disadvantage and Disability, Atlanta, GA, USA, and others)

Chapter 2. The Relationship of BMI to Menarche
(Amparo G. Gonzalez-Feliciano, Mildred Maisonet, Michele Marcus, Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, Epidemiology Department; Atlanta, GA, USA)

Chapter 3. Pubertal Development in Girls
(Krista Yorita Christensen, Mildred Maisonet, Michele Marcus, Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University and National Center for Environmental health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA)

Chapter 4. Brominated Flame Retardant Exposure: Heritability of Age at Menarche and Menstrual Cycle Length
(Kira C. Taylor, Chanley M. Small, Michael P. Epstein, Metrecia L. Terrell, Michele Marcus, Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA, and others)

Chapter 5. Development of a Measure of Preconception Pregnancy Readiness
(Laura M.D. Gaydos, Michael R. Kramer, Carol J. Rowland Hogue, Department of Health Policy and Management and Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA)

Chapter 6. The Impact of Multi-Level Factors on Family Planning Use among Mayan-Quiché Couples in the Rural Highlands of Guatemala
(Kathryn L. Schmidt, Carol J. Hogue, Karen L. Andes, Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA, and others)

Chapter 7. Exposures to Endocrine-Disrupting Compounds in Pregnant Women and Children from the United Kingdom
(Adrianne Holmes, Mildred Maisonet, Carol Rubin, Stephanie Kieszak, Dana B. Barr, Antonia M. Calafat, Andreas Sjodin, Richard W. Jones, Jean Golding, Dana Flanders, Michael A. McGeehin, Michele Marcus, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA, and others)

Chapter 8. Brominated Flame Retardant: Exposure In Utero and Male Growth and Development
(Chanley M. Small, Metrecia L. Terrell, Lorraine L. Cameron, Julie Wirth, Carolyn P. Monteilh, Michele Marcus, Department of Epidemiology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA, and others)

Chapter 9. Mercury Exposure Education Provided by Women’s Health Clinics
(Victoria Chau, Sharleen Traynor, Katryne Lukens-Bull, Grazyna Pawlowicz, Gale Tucker-Disney, Aaron Hilliard, David Wood, Behavioral Science and Community Health Department, University of Florida College of Public Health and Health Professions, Melbourne, FL, USA, and others)

Chapter 10. Perinatal Exposure to Air Pollutants
(Farah Z. Dadabhoy, Pamela J. Maxson, Nicole Huff, Richard L. Auten, Department of Biology, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA, and others)

Chapter 11. Social and Economic Determinants of Stillbirths
(Robert A. Brown, Carol Hogue, Michael Kramer, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA)

Chapter 12. Nutrition and Psychosocial Factors in First-Time Pregnant Women
(Jenny Hurst, Paula Zeanah, Leslie Lewis, Karen Mills, Louisiana Office of Public Health, Maternal and Child Health, New Orleans, LA, USA, and others)

Chapter 13. A Public Health Problem: Co-Occurrence of Depression and Addiction
(Faresa Zarreen, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA)

Chapter 14. Substance Use and Child Health Outcomes among Mothers Experiencing Homelessness
(Peiyin Hung, Laura M. Gaydos, Division of Health Administration and Policy, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA, and others)

Chapter 15. Violent Crime and Preterm Birth in a Racially Diverse Urban Area
(Lauren C. Messina, Michael R. Kramer, Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA)

Chapter 16. Built Environment and Birth Weight
(Rebecca Ouyang, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA)

Chapter 17. Pregnancy: Disparities in Psychosocial Health and the Built Environment
(Allison Gruber, Pamela J. Maxson, Children’s Environmental Health Initiative, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA)

Chapter 18. Breaking the Cycle of Maternal Depression: An Initiative to Improve Children’s Environmental Health
(Emily Modlin, Pamela J. Maxson, Children's Environmental Health Initiative, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA)

SECTION TWO: ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Chapter 19. About the Editors

Chapter 20. About the Innovative Solutions for Disadvantage and Disability

Chapter 21. About the Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units (PEHSU)

Chapter 22. About the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development in Israel

Chapter 23. About the Book Series “Pediatrics, Child and Adolescent Health”

SECTION THREE: INDEX

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