Brain Drain vs Brain Circulation (Central Asia)

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Series: Economic Issues, Problems and Perspectives
BISAC: BUS069000

The volume examines the issue of brain drain in Central Asia. The chapters analyse the causes of brain drain and the methodologies of addressing it with case studies in the region. They also investigate various policies that could lead to brain circulation and eventually brain gain. The volume demonstrates that some of countries in the region are facing the problem of brain drain more than others and no action has been taken, therefore it requires immediate action by policymakers and economists. The volume is a useful addition to the scant literature dealing with brain drain policies for a sustainable economic development, and policymakers will find it useful in designing policies for achieving development policies. The volume will also be useful for higher degree research students, especially in the area of economic and sustainable development.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents



Section I: Causes and Effects of Brain Drain

Chapter 1. Tajikistan: Benefiting from Emigration and Fostering Brain Gain
(Jan-Peter Olters, World Bank Country Manager for Tajikistan and Turkmenistan)

Chapter 2. Intellectual Migration (“Brain Drain”) from Kazakhstan and Its Negative Impact on Socio-Economic National Development
(Sultanov Bulat Klychbaevich, PhD, Director of the Institute for International and Regional Cooperation, Kazakhstan-German University, Almaty, Kazakhstan)

Chapter 3. Brain Drain from Central Asia: Labour Migration Like Any Other?
(Julien Thorez, Geographer, French National Centre for Scientific Research, Centre de Recherche Sur le Monde Iranien [CerMI], Paris, France)

Chapter 4. Emigration and Return Migration of Scientists and Highly Qualified Specialists in Russia
(Ryazantsev Sergey Vasil’evich, Ochirova Galina Nikolaevna and Pletneva Yulia Eduardovna, Institute of Demographic Research of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia)

Chapter 5. Certain Factors Contributing to the Emigration of Highly Qualified Specialists from Tajikistan
(Subkhon Ashurov, PhD, Technological University, Dushanbe, Tajikistan)

Chapter 6. Uzbekistan: Modernisation of Migration Policy with a Focus on Quality Development of the Labour Market
(Maksakova Lyudmila Petrovna, Institute of Economics, Tashkent, Uzbekistan)

Chapter 7. Impact of Labor Migration on Skills Development
(Jamshed Quddusov, Social Service Research Center, Tajikistan)

Chapter 8. Gain, Not Drain: The Case of Returned Tajik Graduates from Western Universities
(Jafar Usmanov, Researcher, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany)

Section II: Existing Empirical Evidences in Brain Drain in Central Asia

Chapter 9. The Problem of Financing Science and Its Effect on Brain Drain in Uzbekistan: A Retrospective View and the Perspectives for Solutions
(Zufar Ashurov, Senior Research Scientist, Deputy Director, Center for Research of Problems in Privatization, Development of Competition and Corporate Governance under the State Assets Management Agency of the Republic of Uzbekistan)

Chapter 10. Changes in the Forsaken Schooling and Migration Relationship in Tajikistan
(Ilhom Abdulloev, Open Society Institute Assistance Foundation in Tajikistan and IZA Institute of Labor Economics, Bonn, Bonn, Germany)

Chapter 11. NEET-Youth and Brain Drain: The Case of Tajikistan
(Loikdzhon Mirov, Technological University, Dushanbe, Tajikistan)

Chapter 12. International Practices to Address Health Worker Migration: What Can Be Applied in Tajikistan?
(Rukhshona Kurbonova, Migration Health Programme Coordinator, International Organization for Migration [IOM]/UN Agency on Migration in Tajikistan)

Chapter 13. Digitalisation as a Condition for Transforming Brain Drain into Brain Circulation in Kyrgyzstan
(Sharsheeva Aida Sherimbekovna, Academy of State Administration under the President of the Kyrgyz Republic)

Chapter 14. Introduction: Major Observations
(Kairat Itibaev, Affiliation Foreign Investors Association, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)

Section III: Turning Brain Drain into Brain Circulation

Chapter 15. Migration of Skilled Labour from Tajikistan: “Brain Drain”, “Brain Loss” or “Circulation of Minds”?
(Saodat Olimova and Muzaffar Olimov, Research Center Sharq [Oriens], Dushanbe, Tajikistan)

Chapter 16. Legal Framework for Skilled Migration in the European Union
(Mukimova Мalika Кamilovna, Westminster International University, Tashkent, Uzbekistan)

Chapter 17. Central Asian Migration through Educational Attainment
(Zulaikho Abduhalimovna Kadirova, PhD, Head of the Department of International Economic Relations, Tashkent State Institute of Oriental Studies, Tashkent, Uzbekistan)

Chapter 18. The Problem of Training Qualified Youth in the Republic of Tajikistan during the ‘Brain Drain’ Period
(Qobilov Muhabbatsho Zamirovich, Faculty of International Relations, Tajik National University, Dushanbe, Tajikistan)

Chapter 19. The Reason for Brain Drain Problems and Migration in Tajikistan
(Shohzodamuhammadova Fotima, Lecturer, Department of Philosophy and Political Sciences, Khorog State University Named after M. Nazarsho, Khorugh, Tajikistan)

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