Brain-Based Treatment: A New Approach or a Well-Forgotten Old One? Neuropsychology and Psychotherapy


Vanya Matanova, PhD, DSc
Sofia University, Department of Psychology, Head of Master Program of Clinical Psychology, Head of Institute for Mental Health and Development, Sofia, Bulgaria

Martin Kolev, PhD
Mentalization-Based Therapist for Adolescents and their Families, Mentalization-Based Supervisor for MBT-A, Cognitive Behavioral Counsellor, Psychosynthesis Psychotherapy Practitioner

Pia Tohme, PhD
Mentalization-Based Therapist for Adolescents and their Families, Mentalization-Based Therapist for Children and their Families, Psychology Instructor, Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon

Zlatomira Kostova, PhD
Psychology Instructor, Cognitive-Behavioral Counsellor

Series: Mental Illnesses and Treatments
BISAC: SCI089000
DOI: 10.52305/YXPK1872

What is the influence of psychotherapy over the brain functioning? Is it possible for us to determine in which type of psychotherapy the most significant changes in the brain functioning are observed? If the influence of psychotherapy over the brain is a fact, does this fundamentally change the training in psychology, psychiatry and psychotherapy and the inclusion of knowledge from the basic sciences?

Psychotherapy can be considered as a type of training that stimulates the patient to learn how to change their behaviour, thinking and regulation of emotions. Psychotherapy is much more than an opportunity to talk to someone with good listening skills. Understanding the relationship between psychotherapy and brain functions is stimulating news and changes the traditional thinking about the place of psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy, the relations between them in the process of overcoming mental problems and diseases. Psychotherapy is assumed to be a form of learning which suggests that the uptake of information in the process of psychotherapy leads to a change in the expression of genes, thus changing the strength of synaptic connections. The gene sequence does not change under the influence of the environment, but the ability of genes to direct the synthesis of individual proteins depends on environmental factors and is regulated by their influence (Candel,1998). This explains the phenotypic differences between monozygotic twins and discordance of diseases, such as schizophrenia.

Any mental condition is a brain state and any mental disorder is a disorder in the work of the brain. The effect of treatment of mental disorders is associated with an effect on structural and functional changes in the brain (Candel,1998).

Neuroimaging gives an objective diagnostics of mental disorders, revealing the reasons for their occurrence and therefore allows for the development of more effective methods of treatment and psychotherapy.
(Imprint: Nova)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Psychotherapy: Past and Present

Chapter 2. Mentalization

Chapter 3. Reflective Functioning and the Development of the Self

Chapter 4. Mentalization Based Treatment (MBT)

Chapter 5. Major Changes Occurring in Adolescence

Chapter 6. Psychoanalytic Theories

Chapter 7. The Role of Parents and Peers in Identity Formation

Chapter 8. Cognitive and Emotional Development and the Adolescent Brain

Chapter 9. Are Adolescents More at Risk of Developing Mental Health Problems?

Chapter 10. Importance and Development of Mentalization Based Treatment for Adolescents (MBT-A)

Chapter 11. Special Considerations in MBT-A

Chapter 12. MBT-A as a Brain-Based Treatment

Chapter 13. Contemporary Achievements of Neuroscience

Chapter 14. Neuronal Bases of Mental Disorders and Specific Psychotherapeutic Conclusions

Chapter 15. Brain-Based Treatment: A New Approach or a Well-Forgotten Old One?



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