Botulinum Toxins and Botulism

Charlotte Reynolds (Editor)

Series: New Developments in Medical Research
BISAC: MED096000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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Botulinism toxins are widely used for the treatment of medical and aesthetic disorders. They are considered the gold standard for the treatment of muscular spasticity and facial dynamics wrinkles. The authors’ of this book discuss botulinum toxin resistance in medical and aesthetic arenas; recommendations of dilutions for treatment applications (general recommendations were to inject the toxin diluted, because highly concentrated toxins were believed to be more toxic and dangerous); a novel methodology of transdermal delivery of botulinum toxin with the aid of a dermic pen for hyperhidrosis; emerging treatment options for lower urinary tract symptoms that involve a bladder neck injection of a botulinum toxin; and a discussion on the cases of botulism that arise from consuming certain foods particularly in the Arctic regions.
(Imprint: Nova Biomedical)


Chapter 1
Resistance to Botulinum Toxins in Aesthetics
(Sebastian Torres Farr, Santa Rita Clinic, Department of Maxilo Facial and aesthetic surgery. Director of Department, Catania, Italy)

Chapter 2
Transdermal Delivery of Botulinum Toxins with Dermic Pen for Hyperhidrosis
(Sebastian Torres Farr, Santa Rita Clinic Plastic and Maxillo Facial Surgery Department, Catania, Italy)

Chapter 3
Bladder Neck Injection of Botulinum Toxin: An Emerging Treatment Option for Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms due to Primary Bladder Neck Dysfunction
(Emilio Sacco, and Riccardo Bientinesi, Urology Department, “Agostino Gemelli” Academic Hospital, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy)

Chapter 4
Botulinum Toxins: A Matter of Dilution
(Sebastian Torres Farr, Santa Rita Clinic Plastic and Maxillo Facial Surgery Department, Catania, Italy)

Chapter 5
Botulism Type E from Native Foods in the Arctic Regions
(B. Zane Horowitz, Keahi Mookini Horowitz, Oregon-Alaska Poison Center, Oregon Health & Science University, USA, and others)



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