Black Farmers in America: Historical Perspective, Cooperatives and the Pigford Cases

Richard L. Cohen (Editor)
Clifford Horton (Editor)

Series: Agriculture Issues and Policies, Social Justice, Equality and Empowerment
BISAC: SOC055000



Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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Farming as a family-owned and independent business has been an important part of the social and economic development of the United States. But for many black farmers it was more often than not a losing struggle. The end of slavery was followed by about 100 years of racial discrimination in the South that limited, although it did not entirely prevent, opportunities for black farmers to acquire land. Enforcement of civil rights in the 1950s-60s removed many overt discriminatory barriers, although by that time increased technology had significantly reduced the demand for farmers in agricultural production. Nevertheless, cooperatives, while having some limited application in earlier decades, emerged as a significant force for black farmers during the civil rights movement. This book examines the historical background of black farmers in America, with a focus on cooperatives and the Pigford cases. (Imprint: Novinka )


Black Farmers in America, 1865-2000: The Pursuit of Independent Farming and the Role of Cooperatives

The Pigford Cases: USDA Settlement of Discrimination Suits by Black Farmers
(Tadlock Cowan, Jody Feder, CRS)


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