Biology Research Summaries (With Biographical Sketches). Volume 2

Bernard Olson (Editor)

Series: Biology Research Summaries
BISAC: SCI008000

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This new book provides research summaries from a number of different focuses in biology, and compiles biographical sketches of top professionals in this important field. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Part I. Researcher Biographical Sketches

Chapter 1. Hidenori Kiyosawa

Chapter 2. Ivo Muha

Chapter 3. Hiroyuki Nakagawa

Chapter 4. Chee Y. Ooi

Chapter 5. Cheunjit Prakitchaiwattana

Chapter 6. Robert G. Price

Chapter 7. Christopher T. Ritchlin

Chapter 8. Lucia Ribeiro Rodrigues

Chapter 9. Juan Pablo Seco Pon

Chapter 10. Kunihiko Tanaka

Chapter 11. Ng Haig They

Chapter 12. Stella E. Tsirka

Chapter 13. Adriana Vallarino Moncada

Chapter 14. Frank van Boven

Chapter 15. Hiroshi Wako

Chapter 16. Dirk Wildeboer

Chapter 17. Ling Zhang

Chapter 18. César González Zuarth

Part II. Research Summaries

Chapter 19. Chemical Application of Cyclodextrins in Potentiometry: Review
(Joanna Lenik)

Chapter 20. Applications of Cyclodextrins in Biomedical Electrochemistry
(Luminiţa Fritea, Mihaela Tertiş and Robert Săndulescu)

Chapter 21. Cyclodextrins: A Valuable Resource to Attain Environmental Sustainability
(Carlos Fernandes, Igor Encarnação, André Fonseca, Jorge Garrido, Fernanda Borges and E. Manuela Garrido)

Chapter 22. Cyclodextrins Supramolecular Complexes with Botanical Compounds
(Maria Camilla Bergonzi and Anna Rita Bilia)

Chapter 23. Effect of Inclusion Complexation with Cyclodextrins on the Photodegradation Profile of Drugs
(Snezana Agatonovic-Kustrin, David W. Morton and Kailash C. Petkar)

Chapter 24. Cyclodextrin Inclusion of Nutraceuticals, from the Bench to Your Table
(Ana Bárbara Pereira and Susana S. Braga)

Chapter 25. The Importance of Inclusion Complexes with Cyclodextrins in Pharmacy
(Vesna D. Nikolic, Agnes J. Kapor, Ljubisa B. Nikolic, Ivan M. Savic and Ivana M. Savic-Gajic)

Chapter 26. ()-Cyclodextrin Dimeric Inclusion Complexes: A Review of Some Crystal Structure Aspects
(Dimitris Mentzafos and Kostas Bethanis)

Chapter 27. Salt Effects on the Inclusion Complex Formation of Cyclodextrins with Some Biologically Active Aromatic Carboxylic Acids
(Irina V. Terekhova)

Chapter 28. Sulfobutylether-Cyclodextrins: Structure, Degree of Substitution and Functional Performance
(István Puskás, Erzsébet Varga, Kata Tuza, Julianna Szemán, Éva Fenyvesi, Tamás Sohajda and Lajos Szente)

Chapter 29. Dye Inclusion Single Crystals: Preparations, Structures and Functions
(Youichi Tsuchiya)

Chapter 30. Eicosanoids: Structure, Function and Role in Local and Systemic Inflammation
(Giuseppina Candore)

Chapter 31. Eicosanoids and Immune/Inflammatory Cells
(Matteo Bulati and Silvio Buffa)

Chapter 32. Paraoxonases, Eicosanoids and Their Role in Age Related Diseases
(Francesca Marchegiani, Franco Busco and Maurizio Cardelli)

Chapter 33. Eicosanoids: Functions in Physiological Processes
(Pietro Tralongo and Carmela Rita Balistreri)

Chapter 34. Eicosanoids and Pathophysiology of Inflammatory Diseases: Their Dual Role As (Enhancers) and (Inhibitors)
(Carmela Rita Balistreri)

Chapter 35. Eicosanoids in Adipocyte Metabolism and Obesity
(Marcello Gabrielli, Giacomo Tirabassi and Laura Mazzanti)

Chapter 36. Eicosanids in Atherosclerosis, Coronaropathies and Complications
(Giuseppina Novo and Vincenzo Evola)

Chapter 37. Eicosanoids and Aneurysms
(Giovanni Ruvolo and Calogera Pisano)

Chapter 38. Eicosanoids in Alzheimer Disease
(Federica Maria Di Maggio)

Chapter 39. Eicosanoids and Cancer
(Floriana Crapanzano and Carmela Rita Balistreri)

Chapter 40. Allergic Disease and Mast Cells: The Role of Eicosanoids in the Pathogenesis and Therapy
(Gabriele Di Lorenzo, Maria S Leto-Barone, Simona La Piana and Luigi Macchia)

Chapter 41. Eicosanoids in Rheumatic Diseases: Patho-physiology and Targets for Therapies
(Angelo Ferrante and Giovanni Triolo)

Chapter 42. Eicosanoids and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
(Fabio Salvatore Macalus and Salvatore Petta)

Chapter 43. Eicosanoids in Tissue Regeneration, Repair and Injury Healing
(Floriana Crapanzano, Caterina Maria Gambino and Carmela Rita Balistreri)

Chapter 44. Eicosanoids As Health and Disease Biomarkers
(Gabriella Misiano)

Chapter 45. Therapeutic Potential of Lipoxins in the Prevention and Treatment of Inflammatory Disorders
(Caterina Maria Gambino, Floriana Crapanzano and Carmela Rita Balistreri)

Chapter 46. Therapeutic Potential of Resolvins and Docosatriene in the Prevention and Treatment of Inflammatory Disorders
(Floriana Crapanzano, Pietro Tralongo and Carmela Rita Balistreri)

Chapter 47. Genetic and Epigenetic Factors and Modulation of Eicosanoid Function: Translation in the Personalized Medicine
(Carmela Rita Balistreri)

Chapter 48. Heparan Sulfate and Heparin: Structure and Function
(Marcelo A. Lima, Renan P. Cavalheiro, Maria C. Z. Meneghetti, Leonardo T. D. B. Nobre, Gustavo M. Viana, Edwin A. Yates and Helena B. Nader)

Chapter 49. Chondroitin and Keratan Sulfate
(Shunji Tomatsu, Tsutomu Shimada, Pravin Patel, Robert W. Mason, Tadahisa Mikami, Hiroshi Kitagawa, Adriana M. Montaño and Tadao Orii)

Chapter 50. Characterization and Chemical Modification of Glycosaminoglycans of the Extracellular Matrix
(J. Schiller, J. Becher, S. Möller, K. Lemmnitzer)
(T. Riemer and M. Schnabelrauch)

Chapter 51. Unusual Heparin-Like Compounds from Marine Invertebrates
(Suely Ferreira Chavante, Adriana da Silva Brito, Rômulo dos Santos Cavalcante and Giulianna Paiva Viana de Andrade)

Chapter 52. Heparan/Heparin Polysaccharide Synthesis: Visiting the Chemoenzymatic Synthesis
(Hugo Alexandre Oliveira Rocha)

Chapter 53. Sulfated Polysaccharides from Green Seaweed
(Anabela Alves)

Chapter 54. Fucoidans and Fucans
(Pilar Rupérez)

Chapter 55. Carrageenans
(Cinthia Beatrice Silva Telles, Moacir Fernandes Queiroz, Jailma Almeida-Lima and Hugo Alexandre Oliveira Rocha)

Chapter 56. Agarans: Sulfated Precursors and Derivatives from Agarose, and Related Sulfated Galactans
(Marina Ciancia and María Cristina Matulewicz)

Chapter 57. Sulfated Polysaccharides from Unusual Natural Sources
(Marília Medeiros Fernandes Negreiros, Jailma Almeida-Lima and Hugo Alexandre Oliveira Rocha)

Chapter 58. Methods of Characterization of Sulfated Oligo-Polysaccharides
(Annamaria Naggi and Giangiacomo Torri)

Chapter 59. Sulfated Polysaccharides and Nanotechnology
(Vera Carvalho and Francisco Miguel Gama)

Chapter 60. Properties Live Axoplasm
(O. S. Sotnikov)

Chapter 61. Roles of MicroRNAs in Osteoclast Differentiation and Function
(Tadayoshi Kagiya)

Chapter 62. Osteoclast Formation Is Delayed in the Absence of Functional Complement Activity in a Model of Rheumatoid Arthritis
(Petya Ganova, Valeriya Gyurkovska and Nina Ivanovska)

Chapter 63. The Effect of Sepsis and Bacterial Infection on Immune System Activation, Bone Remodeling and Osteoclast Activation
(Hwei-Fang Tsai)

Chapter 64. DC-STAMP: Regulator of Cell Fusion and Bone Homeostasis
(Ya-Hui Grace Chiu and Christopher T. Ritchlin)

Chapter 65. An Overview on the Interface between Feeding Habits, Ecological Role and Digestive Processes of Termites
(Thâmarah A. Lima),( Leonardo P. Dornelles),( Ana Patrícia S. Oliveira),( Thiago H. Napoleão and Patrícia M.G. Paiva)

Chapter 66. Social Polymorphism and Gut Design in “Higher Termites”: A Case Study in Neotropical Termitinae
(María Celina Godoy)

Chapter 67. House Dust Mites and Altitude
(Frank van Boven)

Chapter 68. The Genetic Structure of Dark European Honey Bee Population in the Ural
(Rustem A. Ilyasov, Aleksandr V. Poskryakov and Alexei G. Nikolenko)

Chapter 69. Herbal Dietary Supplement with Antifungal Effect for Increasing the Productivity of Honey Bee Colonies
(Rustem A. Ilyasov and Rashit G. Farkhutdinov)

Chapter 70. Alternatives for Controlling Pathogens and Parasites to Improve Honeybee Health
(Natalia Damiani, Martín Pablo Porrini, Martín Javier Eguaras and Liesel Brenda Gende)

Chapter 71. Bee Defensin-1 Seasonal Quantitative Variability in Honeys and Its Role in Bee Health Protection
(Ivana Valachova and Juraj Majtan)

Chapter 72. Nutritional and Medicinal Properties of the Honeybee Larvae
(Mitsuhiro Aoki, Shinobu Fukushima, Akio Ohkuma and Tomoki Tatefuji)

Chapter 73. Regulation of Honeybee Foraging in Response to Food-Source Profitability
(Ken-ichi Harano and Masaki Hayashi)

Chapter 74. In Which Categories of Scholarly and Professional Journals Are Honeybee-Related Research Articles Most Likely to Be Found? How Has This Changed Between the 1945-2005 (vs.) 2006-2015 Timespans?
(Tony Stankus)

Chapter 75. Functional Morphology in Sea Turtle Skulls
(Andrea Franco Moreno, Víctor Hugo Cruz Escalona, Juan M. Rguez-Baron, Monserrath González Ruiz and Catherine E. Hart)

Chapter 76. Ecotoxicology of Sea Turtles
(Cinthia Carneiro da Silva and Ellie Anne López-Barrera)

Chapter 77. Sea Turtle Photo-Identification
(Jaime A. de Urioste, Maria Jose Bethencourt and Hector Sicilia)

Chapter 78. Topological Tools for Evaluating the Structural Importance of Sea Turtles in Trophic Networks
(Andrés Felipe Navia, Paola Andrea Mejía-Falla, Víctor Hugo Cruz-Escalona and Juan M. Rguez-Baron)

Chapter 79. Research Techniques in the Study of Marine Turtle Strandings
(Gabriela M. Vélez-Rubio and Jesús Tomás)

Chapter 80. Genetics and Conservation of Sea Turtles
(Ellie A. López-Barrera, Estefanie Cardinot Reis, Sibelle Torres Vilaça and Sara M. Vargas)

Chapter 81. Practical Manual on Clinical Cytology and Hematology for Sea Turtle Conservation
(Mónica Lara Uc, Gustavo Hinojosa Arango, Francisco Aranda Cirerol, Juan Manuel López Vivas, Edwin Gutiérrez Ruiz, Stephanie Rousso and Rafael Riosmena Rodriguez)

Chapter 82. A Brief Introduction of Melipona Honey Cultivation in the Mayan Culture
(José Luis Domínguez-Castro and Roberto Patiño-Ramírez)

Chapter 83. Medicinal Uses of Melipona Bee Honey in Mayan Communities of Yucatán
(Jesús Manuel Ramón-Sierra, Denis Israel Magaña-Ortiz, Elizabeth Ortiz-Vázquez and Jorge Carlos Ruiz-Ruiz)

Chapter 84. Foraging Selectivity of (Melipona Beecheii) (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini) in the Yucatan Peninsula
(Roger Cauich-Kumul, Jorge Carlos Ruiz-Ruiz, Elizabeth Ortiz-Vazquez and Maira Rubí Segura-Campos)

Chapter 85. Novel Techniques for Stingless Beekeeping: Experience in Mexico
(Denis Israel Magaña-Ortiz),( Jesus Manuel Ramón-Sierra),( Elizabeth Ortiz-Vázquez and Jorge Carlos Ruiz-Ruiz. )

Chapter 86. Composition of Stingless Bee Honey: The Need for Quality Control
(Víctor Manuel Moo-Huchin, Enrique Sauri-Duch, Elizabeth Ortíz-Vázquez, Luis Cuevas-Glory, Mariela Moo-Huchin and José Lira-Maas)

Chapter 87. Antioxidant Activity of Stingless Bee Honey
(Víctor Manuel Moo-Huchin, Enrique Sauri-Duch, Mariela Moo-Huchin, Raziel Javier Estrada-León, Ivan Estrada-Mota and Emilio Pérez-Pacheco)

Chapter 88. Mechanisms Associated to the Antibacterial Activity of Honey from Indigenous Stingless Honeybees
(Jesús Manuel Ramón-Sierra, Denis Israel Magaña-Ortiz, Elizabeth Ortiz-Vázquez and Jorge Carlos Ruiz-Ruiz)

Chapter 89. Antimicrobial Activity of Honey Produced by Native Stingless Bee (Melipona Beecheii)
(Jesus Ramón-Sierra, Nidia Hau-Yama, Denis Magaña-Ortiz, David Chan-Rodriguez, Jorge Ruiz-Ruiz and Elizabeth Ortiz-Vazquez)

Chapter 90. Antimicrobial Activity of Flavonoids Extracted from (Melipona Beecheii) Honey
(Denis Magaña-Ortiz, Jose Martínez-Guevara, Jesus Ramón-Sierra, Luis Cuevas-Glory, Jorge Ruiz-Ruiz and Elizabeth Ortiz-Vázquez)

Chapter 91. Antimicrobial Activity of Protein Extracted from (Melipona Beecheii) Honey
(Jesús Manuel Ramón-Sierra, Denis Israel Magaña-Ortiz, Jorge Carlos Ruiz-Ruiz and Elizabeth Ortiz-Vázquez)

Chapter 92. Honey Microflora Associated with the Stingless Bee (Melipona Beecheii)
(Elizabeth Ortiz-Vázquez, Rubiel Dzib-Leon, Jorge Lope Ayora, Jorge Ruiz-Ruiz, Jesus Ramón-Sierra and Denis Magaña-Ortiz)

Chapter 93. Electrophoresis Characterization of Proteins in Honey to Establish Their Entomological Origin
(Jesús Manuel Ramón-Sierra, Denis Israel Magaña-Ortiz, Elizabeth Ortiz-Vázquez and Jorge Ruiz-Ruiz)

Chapter 94. Circulating Tumor Cells: Isolation, Expansion, Characterization and Translation to Clinic
(Arutha Kulasinghe, Henri Schmidt and Chamindie Punyadeera)

Chapter 95. Separation and Imaging of Circulating Tumor Cells Using Hybrid Graphene Oxide Based Nanotechnology
(Sudarson Sekhar Sinha, Aruna Vangara, Avijit Pramanik, Suhash Reddy Chavva, Yongliang Shi, Stacy Jones, Jasmine Burrell, Craig Hawker and Paresh C. Ray)

Chapter 96. Capture and Detection of Circulating Tumor Cells with Magnetic-Plasmonic Hybrid Nanoparticles
(Saheel Bhana and Xiaohua Huang)

Chapter 97. Implications of Nanotechnology for CD13 Receptor Based Tumor Targeting
(Madhu Gupta and Vikas Sharma)

Chapter 98. Marker-Free Isolation of CTCs Using Microfabricated Platforms
(Florina Silvia Iliescu, Igor Cima, Doina Dumitrescu-Ionescu and Ciprian Iliescu)

Chapter 99. Circulating Tumor Cells in Early Breast Cancer: Recent Advances in Our Understanding of Minimal Residual Disease
(Malgorzata Banys-Paluchowski, Natalia Krawczyk and Tanja Fehm)

Chapter 100. Liposome Nanovehicles for Tumor Cell Diagnosis and Treatment
(R. A. Crouch and Paresh C. Ray)

Chapter 101. Microtubular Cytoskeleton in Autophagy and Programmed Cell Death Development in Plants
(D. I. Lytvyn and Ya. B. Blume)

Chapter 102. Modulating Regulated Cell Death: The Virus Way to Influence Cell Fate, Survive and Persist
(Marc Desforges, Mathieu Meessen-Pinard and Pierre J. Talbot)

Chapter 103. Control of Leaf Cell Death by Reactive Oxygen Species
(Bartolomé Sabater and Mercedes Martín)

Chapter 104. Fluid –Mosaic Cell Membrane Structure: From Cellular Control and Domains to Extracellular Vesicles
(Garth L. Nicolson)

Chapter 105. Lipid Rafts in Binary Lipid/Cholesterol Bilayers
(Richard J. Alsop and Maikel C. Rheinstädter)

Chapter 106. Membrane Assembly and Lipid Rafts in the Cell and Artificial Membranes: Effect of Lipid Peroxidation
(Angel Catalá)

Chapter 107. Drugs, Delivery Systems and Membrane Organization in Model and Cell Membranes
(Ana E. Ventura, Tânia Santos, Ana C. Carreira, Nuno M. Martinho, J. Conniot, Ana R. P. Varela, Rogério Gaspar, Helena F. Florindo and Liana C. Silva)

Chapter 108. Role of Sphingomyelin in Membrane-Domain Formation and the Influence on Protein Interaction: Focusing on the Nanometer Scale
(Sabina Maté, Vanesa Herlax, Romina Vázquez and Laura Bakás)

Chapter 109. Lipid Rafts and Cell Adhesion: Mutual Modulators of Cell Signaling
(Andrew M. Overmiller, Donna M. Brennan-Crispi and Mỹ G. Mahoney)

Chapter 110. Roles of Glycosphingolipids in the Regulation of the Membrane Organization and Cell Signaling in Lipid Rafts
(Koichi Furukawa, Yuhsuke Ohmi, Yuki Ohkawa, Noboru Hashimoto, Yuji Kondo, Orie Tajima and Keiko Furukawa)

Chapter 111. Snakes: Diversity, Epidemiology and Envenomation
(Priscila Hess Lopes, Carla Cristina Squaiella-Baptistão, Giselle Pidde Queiroz and Denise V. Tambourgi)

Chapter 112. Venoms from “Non-Venomous” Snakes: Rear-Fanged Snake Venoms as Sources of Novel Compounds
(Stephen P. Mackessy and Anthony J. Saviola)

Chapter 113. Venom Production in the 21st Century
(Kristen L. Wiley and James R. Harrison)

Chapter 114. Extending the Use of Snake Venoms to Therapeutics
(Paul Reid)

Chapter 115. Pathophysiological Significance and Therapeutic Implications of Russell’s Viper Venom Proteins and Peptides Affecting Blood Coagulation
(Rupamoni Thakur and Ashis K. Mukherjee)

Chapter 116. Venom Peptide Antagonists of the Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Do Not Prevent Fatal Encephalitis in the Hamster Model of Rabies
(Laurence N. Raymond, Paul F. Reid, Boonlert Lumlertdacha, Felix R. Jackson and Richard Franka)

Chapter 117. Immune Response Triggered by Snake Venoms: Impact of Venom Compounds on the Envenomation Process
(Carla Cristina Squaiella-Baptistão, Giselle Pidde Queiroz, Priscila Hess Lopes and Denise V. Tambourgi)

Chapter 118. Antivenoms
(Milind V. Khadilkar)

Chapter 119. Evolution, Structural Features, and Biochemical Diversity of Snake Venom Serine Proteinases
(Monika A. Coronado, Raphael J. Eberle, Fábio R. de Moraes, Jorge H. Fernandez, E. P. Gomes, A. Lira and Raghuvir K. Arni)

Chapter 120. Cytotoxicity of Snake Venoms and Toxins: Mechanisms and Applications
(Nget Hong Tan and Choo Hock Tan)

Chapter 121. Purine – A “Multitoxin” Release Related Enzymes of Snake Venom in Envenomation: An Overview
(Bhadrapura Lakkappa Dhananjaya)

Chapter 122. The Promise of Snake Genomics
(Michael K. Richardson and R. Manjunartha Kini)

Chapter 123. Biological Energetics
(Pang Xiao Feng)

Chapter 124. Importance of Benthos in the Trophic Structure of the Ichthyofauna of Los Frailes Reef, Gulf of California, Mexico
(X. G. Moreno-Sánchez, D. S. Palacios-Salgado, L. A. Abitia-Cárdenas, O. Escobar-Sánchez, M. S. Irigoyen-Arredondo, Jorge S. Ramirez Perez and D. P. Ramírez-Lara)

Chapter 125. Marine Seaweeds of the Yucatan Peninsula: Diversity, Economic Importance and Conservation
(Catalina Mendoza-González, Luz Elena Mateo-Cid, Deisy Yazmín García-López, Julio A. Acosta-Calderón, Alessandry Vázquez-Rodríguez, C. Mariana Hernández-Casas and A. Gerardo A. Garduño-Acosta)

Chapter 126. Benthic Assemblages in South American Intertidal Rocky Shores: Biodiversity, Services, and Threats
(Patricia Miloslavich, Juan José Cruz-Motta, Alejandra Hernández, César Herrera, Eduardo Klein, Francisco Barros, Gregorio Bigatti, Maritza Cárdenas, Alvar Carranza, Augusto Flores, Patricia Gil-Kodaka, Judith Gobin, Jorge Gutiérrez, Marcos Krull, Juan F. Lazarus, Edgardo Londoño, Tito Lotufo, Erasmo Macaya, Elba Mora, Sergio Navarrete, Gabriela Palomo, Mirtala Parragué, Franciane Pellizzari, Rosana Rocha, Leonardo Romero, Roberto Retamales, Roger Sepúlveda, Michelle C. Silva and Sabrina Soria)

Chapter 127. Evaluation of Biomass and Reproductive Aspects of Invasive Algae (Acanthophora spicifera) in Punta Roca Caimancito B.C.S Mexico
(Valerie Chantal Gabrielle Schnoller, Juan Manuel López Vivas, Rafael Riosmena-Rodríguez and Jorge Manuel López Calderón)

Chapter 128. Environmental Impacts on Marine Benthic Communities in an Industrialized Caribbean Island-Trinidad and Tobago
(Judith F. Gobin)

Chapter 129. Prediction of (Zostera marina) Shoot Growth, Leaf Production, Leaf Area and Shoot Weight Using the Sheath Length
(Alf E. Meling-López, Silvia E. Ibarra-Obando, Horacio de la Cueva, Rafael Riosmena-Rodríguez, Pedro Ortega Romero and Adriana Leticia Navarro Verdugo)

Chapter 130. Distribution and Ecology of the Pacific Lobsterette (Nephropsis occidentalis) Faxon, 1893 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Astacidea), on the Continental Slope Off Western Mexico
(Vanesa Papiol),( Michel E. Hendrickx and David Serrano)

Chapter 131. Sea Turtles as Ecosystem Indicators: Situation in Mexico
(María Mónica Lara Uc and Rafael Riosmena-Rodríguez)

Chapter 132. Similarity in Mollusk Assemblages Associated with Conspicuous Habitat Formers in Northwest México
(María del Carmen Méndez Trejo and Rafael Riosmena-Rodríguez)

Chapter 133. A Critique of the Environmental Impact Studies in México Based on Two Study Cases
(Rafael Riosmena-Rodríguezand Rocío Marcín-Medina)

Chapter 134. Black Vultures ((Coragyps atratus)) Foraging on Olive Ridley ((Lepidochelys olivacea)) Sea Turtle Eggs and Hatchlings
(Joanna Burger and Michael Gochfeld)

Chapter 135. Spatial-Temporal Distribution of Kemp’s Ridley Turtles ((Lepidochelys kempi)) and Green Turtles ((Chelonia mydas)) Nests in a Beach of the North of Veracruz, Mexico
(Jorge E. Morales-Mávil, Laura Acela Contreras-Vega, Arturo Serrano, Jazmín Cobos-Silva and Leonel Zavaleta-Lizárraga)

Chapter 136. Spirorchiidiosis and Other Forms of Parasitosis in Sea Turtles on the Coast of Brazil
(Max Rondon Werneck, Hassan Jerdy Leandro and Eulógio Carlos Queiroz Carvalho)

Chapter 137. Mitigation Strategies for the Reduction of Sea Turtle Bycatch in the Mediterranean Bottom Trawl Fisheries
(Alessandro Lucchetti, Jacopo Pulcinella, Valeria Angelini, Sauro Pari, Tommaso Russo, Stefano Cataudella and Massimo Virgili)

Chapter 138. Marine Turtles: Conservation Strategies and Future Research
(Ohiana Revuelta)

Chapter 139. Proteins Responsive to Variable Temperature Exposure in the Reef-Building Coral (Seriatopora hystrix)
(Anderson B. Mayfield, Yi-Jyun Chen, Chi-Yu Lu and Chii-Shiarng Chen)

Chapter 140. Arachidonic Acid Is a Major Fatty Acid in Gonads of Coral Reef Fishes and Improves Larval Survival of Rabbitfish (Sigunus Gutattus)
(A. Suloma, D. R. Chavez, E. S. Garibay, H. Furuita and H. Y. Ogata)

Chapter 141. Arachidonic Acid Distribution in Seaweed, Seagrass, Invertebrates and Dugong in Coral Reef Areas
(A. Suloma, H. Fruita, D. R. Chavez, E. S. Garibay and H. Y. Ogata)

Chapter 142. Coral Skeletons as a Recorder of Metal Pollution: Environmental Monitoring in the Gulf of Thailand
(Shigeru Ohde, Kentaro Tanaka, Monthon Ganmanee and Cameron W. McLeod)

Chapter 143. Actinobacteria from Marine Sediments: Diversity and Secondary Metabolites
(Khomsan Supong and Somboon Tanasupawat)

Chapter 144. Evaluation of Micro-Fabric Network within Marine Sediments Based on a Rock Magnetic Technique
(Yasuto Itoh, Osamu Takano and Machiko Tamaki)

Chapter 145. Aluminium Impact on the Growth of Benthic Diatom
(L. Leleyter, F. Baraud, O. Gil, S. Gouali, M. Lemoine and F. Orvain)

Chapter 146. The Metabolic-Psychosomatic Axis, Stress and Oxytocin Regulation
(Alfred Bennun)

Chapter 147. Pathological Roles of Astrocytes in Brain Edema Formation: A Potential Target of Anti-Edema Drugs
(Yutaka Koyama)

Chapter 148. Neuroimmune Interactions of Astrocytes with Other Central Nervous System Cell Types
(C. B. Pointer, W. T. Slattery, L. J. Spielman, J. McKenzie, J. R. Lowry, C. Lee and A. Klegeris)

Chapter 149. Astrocytes in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: Harmful Effects and Strategies to Afford Neuroprotection
(A. R. Vaz, C. Gomes, C. Cunha and D. Brites)

Chapter 150. Astrocyte’s Response to Stress and Injury Using FGF-1/apoE/HDL System
(Jin-ichi Ito and Makoto Michikawa)

Chapter 151. Potential Role of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Activation in Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Pathophysiology
(Robbi Elizabeth Cardenas-Perez, Lizeth Fuentes-Mera and Alberto Camacho)

Chapter 152. Signaling Pathways Promoting Beta Cell Survival under ER Stress: Role of Sphingosine 1-Phosphate and Cellular Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein-1
(Ziyu Song, Wei Wang and Pu Xia)

Chapter 153. Diet-Derived Integrated Stress Responses, eIF2a Kinase, and Related Diseases
(Yuseok Moon)

Chapter 154. Placental Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in the Determination of Pregnancy Outcome: From Homeostasis to Pathophysiology
(Hong Wa Yung and Graham J. Burton)

Chapter 155. Role of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Mediating the Anticancer Effects of Tocotrienols
(Osama A. Alawin, Rayan A. Ahmed, Venkateswararao Dronamraju, Ibrahim G. Algayadh, Amr A. Kalloub and Paul W. Sylvester)

Chapter 156. Molecular Mechanisms of Exosome Biogenesis
(Mara E. da Silva-Januário, Yunan C. Januário, Julianne V. de Carvalho and Luis L. P. daSilva)

Chapter 157. Phenotyping of Small Extracellular Vesicles from Clinically Important Body Fluids Using Protein Microarray
(M. M. Jørgensen, R. Bæk, S. Tveito, B. Schmeck, T. Greulich, A. Stensballe and K. Varming)

Chapter 158. Exosomes: Mediators of Cell-Cell Communication and Potential Biomarkers in Cancer
(Jennifer Crow, Glenson Samuel, Safinur Atay and Andrew K. Godwin)

Chapter 159. Extracellular Vesicles in the Reproductive Tracts: Roles in Sperm Maturation and Function
(Patricia A. Martin-DeLeon)

Chapter 160. Integrins: Form and Role in Myofibroblast Differentiation and Function
(Qiang Ma, Jie Dong and Bridget Hindman)

Chapter 161. The Role of Myofibroblasts in Normal Skin Wound Healing
(Véronique J. Moulin)

Chapter 162. Myofibroblasts in Cancer and Fibrosis: Two Sides of the Same Coin?
(Bridget Hindman and Qiang Ma)

Chapter 163. Role of Bone Marrow Stem Cells and Bone Marrow Stem Cell Derived Myofibroblasts in Carcinogenesis and Cancer Development, and Ways to Inhibit the Process of Malignization
(Viktor Shtilbans)

Chapter 164. Glycocalyx and its Roles in Inflammation and Atherosclerosis
(Ye Zeng)

Chapter 165. Oxidative Stress and Mitochondrial Defect in Neuromuscular Disorders: Source or Symptoms?
(Nanna Cornelius, Niels Gregersen, Zeynep Tümer and Rikke K. J. Olsen)

Chapter 166. Oxidative Stress in Biofilms: Causes, Role in Diseases and Biological Effects
(María Gabriela Paraje)

Chapter 167. Oxidative Stress and Age Related Macular Degeneration
(N. Manresa, J. Muler, M. Losada and P. Zafrilla)

Chapter 168. Traditional Chinese Medicine Exerts Cardioprotective Effects Against Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury
(Ru Tie, Wenjuan Xing, Lele Ji and Haifeng Zhang)

Chapter 169. Controlling Oxidative Stress in Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH)
(Akinobu Takaki, Daisuke Kawai and Kazuhide Yamamoto)

Chapter 170. Current Approaches to Redox Therapies in Multiple Sclerosis
(Elżbieta Miller, Jarosław Jakubik and B. Wachowicz)

Chapter 171. The Role of Nitric Oxide Toxicity and Oxidative Stress in Graft vs. Host Disease
(Osnat Almogi-Hazan, Reut Shainer, Eytan R. Barnea and Reuven Or)

Chapter 172. Review of the Oxidative Stress Role in the Pathophysiology of Different Hearing Disorders: New Insight in the Role of Oxidative Stress in the Pathophysiology of Otosclerosis
(Milan Rudić)

Chapter 173. Oxidative Stress in Eales' Disease: An Update
(R. Saravanan and K. N. Sulochana)

Chapter 174. Systems Synthetic Biology: System Models, User-Oriented Specifications, and Applications
(Bor-Sen Chen and Chih-Yuan Hsu)

Chapter 175. Marine Algae of the Lebanese Coast
(Hussein Kanaan and Oksana Belous)

Chapter 176. Caspases: A Driver in Programmed Cell Death
(Osim Aquatar, Pooja R. Mogarkar, Stephy Rangari and Tanvir Arfin)

Chapter 177. Caspases Importance in Cell Death and Disease
(Pooja R. Mogarkar, Osim Aquatar, Stephy Rangari and Tanvir Arfin)

Chapter 178. The Role of Executioner Caspases in Cancer Formation and Maintenance
(Marwan Hamed, Sharif Zaher and Gavin P. McStay)

Chapter 179. The Unknown Caspase: The Role of Caspase-14 in Cell Death and Disease
(C. M. Neophytou, I. Theofilou and A. I. Constantinou)

Chapter 180. Differential Regulation of Caspases in CNS
(Kyoungjoo Cho and Gyung Whan Kim)

Chapter 181. Regeneration of the Pulp-Dentin Complex
(João E. Gomes-Filho, Paulo C. T. Duarte, Carolina S. Lodi, Gustavo Sivieri-Araújo, Rogério de C. Jacinto, Elói Dezan-Júnior and Luciano T. A. Cintra)

Chapter 182. Growth Factors in Guided Tissue Regeneration
(Renata O. Samuel, João E. Gomes-Filho, Gustavo Sivieri-Araújo, Rogério de C. Jacinto, Elói Dezan-Júnior and Luciano T. A. Cintra)

Chapter 183. The Role of Platelet-Rich Plasma in Guided Tissue Regeneration
(Mariane M. Azuma, Luiz C. de O. Rocha, Pedro F. E. Bernabé and Luciano T. A. Cintra)

Chapter 184. Guided Tissue Regeneration in Apical Microsurgery
(Luciana L. Ferreira, Pedro F. E. Bernabé and Luciano T. A. Cintra)

Chapter 185. Guided Tissue Regeneration in Furcation Defects
(Gustav Guimarães, Francine Benetti, João E. Gomes-Filho, Gustavo Sivieri-Araújo, Rogério de C. Jacinto, Elói Dezan-Júnior and Luciano T. A. Cintra)

Chapter 186. Guided Tissue Regeneration in Intrabony Defects
(Cléverson O. Silva, André B. de Souza and Vítor M. Sapata)

Chapter 187. Guided Tissue Regeneration in Maxillofacial Surgery
(Francine Benetti, João E. Gomes-Filho, Gustavo Sivieri-Araújo, Rogério de C. Jacinto, Elói Dezan-Júnior and Luciano T. A. Cintra)

Chapter 188. Ontologies in Antibiotic Resistance
(José L. Martínez, Teresa M. Coque and Fernando Baquero)

Chapter 189. Antibiotic Resistance Genes in Environmental Bacteriophages
(Marta Colomer-Lluch, Juan Jofre and Maite Muniesa)

Chapter 190. Metagenomic Approaches to Uncover Antibiotic Resistance Genes in Natural Environments
(Salvador Mirete and Marcos López-Pérez)

Chapter 191. Antibiotic Resistance in Aquaculture
(Jie Feng, Chao Wang and Qinna Cui)

Chapter 192. Asian Waters as Hot Spots of Antibiotic Resistance Genes
(Satoru Suzuki)

Chapter 193. Evaluation of Anthropogenic Impacts on Nature by Analyzing the Distribution of Antibiotic Resistance Genes in a Glacier Environment
(Takahiro Segawa and Kazunari Ushida)

Chapter 194. Selection of Tetracycline and Ampicillin Resistance Genes During Long-Term Soil-Copper Exposure
(Seánín McCluskey and Charles W. Knapp)

Chapter 195. Agricultural Use of Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance
(Satoshi Koike, Roderick Mackie and Rustam Aminov)

Chapter 196. Sustainable Production of Seaweed in Malaysia: A Review of Policies and Future Prospects
(Velan Kunjuraman and Rosazman Hussin)

Chapter 197. The Identification of Macroalgae and the Assessment of Intertidal Rocky Shores’ Ecological Statuses in the Central Western Coast of Continental Portugal
(Ana Lucinda Lima, Rui Gaspar, João M. Neto and Leonel Pereira)

Chapter 198. Potential Applications of (Ulva Rigida) for Biofuel and Biochemical Production
(Indra Neel Pulidindi, Leor Korzen, Betina Tabah, Amudhavalli Victor, Alvaro Israel, Avigdor Abelson and Aharon Gedanken)

Chapter 199. Macroalgae for Functional Feed Development: Applications in Aquaculture, Ruminant and Swine Feed Industries
(Marta Miranda, Marta Lopez-Alonso and Marco Garcia-Vaquero)

Chapter 200. Environmental Impacts of Seaweed Co-Culture on Coastal Fisheries
(Joong Kyun Kim, Chang Hoon Kim, Hyun Yi Jung and Ja Young Cho)

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