Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements

Oleg S. Pokrovsky, Ph.D. and Jerome Viers (Editors)
University of Toulouse, GET CNRS, Toulouse, France

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications
BISAC: SCI013080

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This was especially true for freshwater aquatic systems, where direct measurements of more than forty trace elements have become possible provided that necessary precautions against pollution are made and required sample preparation protocol is maintained. Therefore, analyses of both liquid (water) and solid (biomass, sediments, soils, and aerosol particles) compartments of the landscape continuum allowed for a new perspective on biogeochemical factors of trace elements in a large panel of terrestrial environments. However, among all Earth biomes, the Arctic and subarctic regions are certainly less studied from a trace element biogeochemical view point.

This book adresses a variety of geochemical and biogeochemical issues of trace element behavior in soils, waters, and plants across the world, from Eastern Europe to Siberian subarctic and Arctic islands. It presents a synthesis of state-of-the-art studies—using precise analytical techniques—on trace element concentrations, fractionation, and migration in the main biogeochemical reservoirs of the Northern Hemisphere. This book combines chapters on trace elements in soils, plants, soil waters, lakes, rivers and their estuarine zones, and atmopsheric aerosols. As such, it provides a comprehensive view of current TE biogeochemistry and can serve as a reference compilation of available information for judging future changes in trace element biogeochemistry for terrestrial environments influenced by climate warming or increasing anthropogenic pollution.

Preface

Introduction

Chapter 1. Trace Metal Exposure in Different Livestock Production Systems
(I. Orjales, R. Rodríguez-Bermúdez, M. Miranda, M. López-Alonso and M. Garcia-Vaquero, Department of Anatomy, Animal Production and Clinical Veterinarian Sciences, Veterinary Faculty of Lugo, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Lugo, Spain, and others)

Chapter 2. Lithological Distribution of Rare Earth Elements in Soil and Atmospheric Precipitates in the Bregalnica River Basin
(Trajče Stafilov, Biljana Balabanova and Robert Šajn, Institute of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje, R. Macedonia, and others)

Chapter 3. Identification, Evaluation, and Estimation of the Levels of Potentially Harmful Trace Elements in Sediments Based on the Application of Different Methods
(Sanja M. Sakan, Nenad M. Sakan and Dragana S. Đorđević, Centre of Excellence in Environmental Chemistry and Engineering – ICTM, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia)

Chapter 4. Accumulation of Trace Elements in Sediments and Macrophytes of Thermokarst Lakes in Western Siberia
(R. M. Manasypov, O. S. Pokrovsky, L. S. Shirokova, S. N. Kirpotin and N. S. Zinner, Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia, and others)

Chapter 5. Trace Elements in Snow Cover of Western Siberia: Impact of Snow Deposition on Surface Water Chemistry
(V. P. Shevchenko, S. N. Vorobyev, I. V. Krickov, R. M. Manasypov, N. V. Politova, S. G. Kopysov, O. M. Dara, Y. Auda, L. S. Shirokova, L. G. Kolesnichenko, V. A. Zemtsov, S. N. Kirpotin and O. S. Pokrovsky, Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, and others)

Chapter 6. Major and Trace Elements in Peat Pore Water Found in the Permafrost Zone of Western Siberia
(T. V. Raudina, S. V. Loiko, A. Lim, I. V. Krickov, L. S. Shirokova, G. I. Istigechev, D. M. Kuzmina, S. P. Kulizhsky, S. N. Vorobyev and O. S. Pokrovsky, BIO-GEO-CLIM Laboratory, Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia, and others)

Chapter 7. Hot Spots of Permafrost Thawing Enhance Trace Metal Release into Thermokarst Waters
(S. V. Loiko, O. S. Pokrovsky, T. V. Raudina, A. G. Lim, L. G. Kolesnichenko, L. S. Shirokova, S. N. Vorobyev, S. N. Kirpotin and D. M. Kuzmina, Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia, and others)

Keywords: metals, speciation, migration, accumulation, toxicity, boreal, arctic, peat, river, lake, sediments

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