Biofuel Production from Microalgae, Macroalgae and Larvae: Processes and Conversion Technologies


Man-Kee Lam, PhD, AMIChemE (Editor) – Senior Lecturer, Chemical Engineering Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia
Jun-Wei Lim, PhD, ChM, MRSC (Editor) – Senior Lecturer, Fundamental and Applied Sciences Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia
Yoke-Wang Cheng, PhD (Editor) – Senior Lecturer, Department of Chemical Engineering, Manipal International University, Malaysia
Inn-Shi Tan, PhD, FHEA, Grad I.E.M (Editor) – Lecturer, Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University Malaysia

Series: Renewable Energy: Research, Development and Policies
BISAC: TEC031010

Increasing energy demand due to the depletion of fossil fuels and the growth of the human population has prompted the search for renewable and sustainable energy feedstocks. Renewable and green biofuels, e.g., biodiesel and bioethanol, are touted as promising surrogates for fossil fuels. The first generation of biofuel feedstock is mainly derived from food sources, e.g., rapeseed oil and sugarcane, whereas second-generation feedstock is derived from inedible and waste sources, e.g., waste cooking oil and forest biomass. However, these feedstocks have several limitations such as a serious impact on the food supply chain, low productivity, and complicated pre-treatment processes. On the other hand, strategic biofuel production from third-generation feedstock, namely, microalgae, macroalgae and larvae, has opened a new direction in the renewable biofuel industries. The third-generation feedstocks offer several benefits, such as fast growing rate, less utilization of arable land and less impact on the food versus fuel feud. Thus, this book is intended to highlight the potential of these new feedstock for biofuel production as well as other applications. The book is mainly divided into three parts, which cover the discussion of upstream and downstream processing technologies of microalgae, macroalgae and larvae. This book is useful to undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as researchers in the biofuel field to understand the overall process chain and conversion technologies of biofuels from third-generation feedstock.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Microalgae Cultivation Modes and Systems
(Hong Li Tan, Yoke Wang Cheng, Man Kee Lam, Jun Wei Lim, Muhammad Rashid Shamsuddin, Pau Loke Show and Inn Shi Tan – Department of Chemical Engineering, HICoE-Centre for Biofuel and Biochemical Research (CBBR), Institute of Self-Sustainable Building, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Seri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia, et al.)

Chapter 2. Microalgae Cultivation in Open Pond and Photobioreactor
(Yaleeni Kanna Dasan, Man Kee Lam, Suzana Yusup, Jun Wei Lim, Yeek Chia Ho, Pau Loke Show, Inn Shi Tan and Peck Loo Kiew – Chemical Engineering Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Seri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia, et al.)

Chapter 3. Biofuels Production from Microalgae: Processes and Conversion Technologies
(Siew Hoong Shuit, Shiau Foon Tee, Lan Ching Sim and Steven Lim – Department of Chemical Engineering, Lee Kong Chian Faculty of Engineering and Science, University Tunku Abdul Rahman, Sungai Long Campus, Bandar Sungai Long, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia, et al.)

Chapter 4. Separation of Microalgae from Cultivation Medium
(Nur Hidayah Mat Yasin and Noor Raihana Abu Sepian – Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering Technology, College of Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia)

Chapter 5. Kinetic Study and Characterization of Nannochloropsis sp. Methyl Ester Produced Using 5Bi2O3/ZrO2 Heterogeneous Catalyst
(Nurul Jannah Abd Rahman and Anita Ramli – Pusat Tamhidi, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Bandar Baru Nilai, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia, et al.)

Chapter 6. Adsorption of Methylene Blue onto Macroalgae Biomass: Equilibriums and Kinetics Study
(Fatin Nadhirah Borhan, Man Kee Lam, Chi Cheng Chong, Yoke Wang Cheng, Uganeeswary Supramaniam, Inn Shi Tan, Henry Chee Yew Foo, Sie Yon Lau and Bridgid Lai Fui Chin – Chemical Engineering Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Seri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia, et al.)

Chapter 7. The Potential of Using Macroalgae Biomass to Harvest Microalgae for Lipid and Bioethanol Production
(Joshana Vadivelu, Yaleeni Kanna Dasan, Uganeeswary Suparmaniam, Man Kee Lam, Jun Wei Lim, Yeek Chia Ho, Inn Shi Tan and Henry Chee Yew Foo – Chemical Engineering Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Seri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia, et al.)

Chapter 8. Insect Life Cycle and Life Cycle Assessment for Insect-Based Biofuels Production
(Eman A. Abdelfattah – Entomology Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Egypt)

Chapter 9. Breeding of Insects for Biofuels Production
(Siew Yoong Leong and Shamsul Rahman Mohamed Kutty – Department of Petrochemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Green Technology, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Jalan Universiti, Bandar Barat, Kampar, Perak Darul Ridzuan, Malaysia, et al.)

Chapter 10. Life Cycle Assessment of Biodiesel Production from Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens) Larvae
(Kristopher Ray S. Pamintuan and Michelle C. Almendrala – School of Chemical, Biological, Materials Engineering and Sciences, Mapua University, Intramuros, Manila, Philippines, et al.)


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