Biofilms in Bioengineering

Manuel Simões, MD and Filipe Mergulhão (Editors)
LEPAE-Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal

Series: Microbiology Research Advances
BISAC: TEC009010

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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It is a natural tendency of microorganisms to attach to surfaces, to multiply and to embed themselves in a slimy matrix, resulting in biofilms. Biofilms constitute a protected growth modality that allows the microorganisms to survive in hostile environments.

Biofilm science is a relatively new technical discipline, which has emerged in response to the need of methodologies for biofilm control. Biofilms represent an interdisciplinary research area focused on the understanding and modulating of the combination of biological and chemical reactions, as well as in transport and interfacial transfer processes, that potentially affect the microbial accumulation and activity on abiotic and biotic surfaces. Research on biofilms has progressed rapidly in the last decade. Due to the fact that biofilms have required the development of new analytical tools, many recent advances have resulted from collaborations between biologists, engineers and mathematicians. The scientific community has come to understand many things about the particular biology of microbial biofilms through a variety of microscopic, physical, chemical and molecular techniques of study.

This book provides a remarkable amount of knowledge on the processes that regulate biofilm formation; on the methods used for their formation, monitoring, characterization and mathematical modeling; on the problems caused by their presence in the food industry, environment and medical fields; and describes the current and emergent strategies for their control.

The information in this book is designed to be of use to researchers and engineers working on fundamental aspects of biofilm formation and control, and also to be helpful in conducting biofilm studies and in the consistent interpretation of results. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical )

Preface

Chapter 1. Biofilm Formation, Development and Relevance
(Patrizia Messi, Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy)

Chapter 2. Methods for BIofilm Characterization
(Sofia Andersson and Gunaratna Kuttuva Rajarao, Department of Environmental Microbiology, School of Biotechnology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Sweden)

Chapter 3. Platforms for In Vitro Biofilm Studies
(J.S. Teodósio, M. Simões, L.F. Melo and F.J. Mergulhão, LEPAE, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal)

Chapter 4. Biofilm Monitoring Strategies
(Ana Pereira, LEPAE, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal)

Chapter 5. Biofilm Formation, Mathematical Modeling and Quorum Sensing
(Qi Wang, Xiangrong Xu, Tianyu Zhang and Hao Xu, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA, and others)

Chapter 6. Ecology of Environmental Biofilms
(Gavin Collins, Florence Abram, Therese Mahony, Vincent O’Flaherty, William T. Sloan and Christopher Quince, Microbiology, School of Natural Sciences and Ryan Institute, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland, and others)

Chapter 7. Biofilms in Drinking Water
(Lúcia Chaves Simões, IBB-Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Centre of Biological Engineering, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, Braga, Portugal)

Chapter 8. Biofilms and Biocorrosion
(C.K. Gunsch and A.S. Danko, Duke University, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Durham, NC, USA, and others)

Chapter 9. Medical Biofilms
(Randall Wolcott and Scot Dowd, Southwest Regional Wound Care Center, Lubbock, TX, USA, and others)

Chapter 10. Monofunctional to Multifunctional Coatings: The Changing Paradigm to Control Biofilm Formation on Biomedical Implants
(Yi Wang, Matthew Libera, Henk J. Busscher and Henny C. van der Mei, Department of Biomedical Engineering, W.J. Kolff Institute, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands, and others)

Chapter 11. Antibiofilm Strategies
(Ankita Pagedar Singh and Jitender Singh, A&R Patel Institute of Integrated Study & Research in Biotechnology and Allied Sciences (ARIBAS); New Vallabh Vidyanagar, Anand (Gujarat), India, and others)

Chapter 12. Mechanisms of Microbial Resistance in Biofilms
(Sonja Smole Možina, Anja Klančnik and Peter Raspor, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia)

Index

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