Bioethanol and Beyond: Advances in Production Process and Future Directions


Michel Brienzo (Editor)
Laboratory of Macromolecules, Division of Metrology Applied to life Science – National Institute of Metrology, Quality and Technology – INMETRO, Duque de Caxias – RJ, Brazil.

Series: Renewable Energy: Research, Development and Policies
BISAC: SCI024000

Bioethanol and Beyond: Advances in Production Process and Future Directions discusses the advances in the production process of bioethanol, ranging from first to fourth generation bioethanol. Bioethanol can be mixed with other fuels, such as gasoline and diesel, and used for generating renewable fuels, such as hydrogen. Advances in the industrial bioethanol (first and second generation) chain point towards the co-energy generation, in situ, and the possibility of generating outside the industry via energetic densification of the residues.

A biorefinery is suggested as a strategy to use the industrial residues by amplifying the products portfolio and, thus, collaborating with the process feasibility. This book covers the technological possibilities to produce bioethanol. These processes include the second generation with the use of structural sugars from the plant cell wall and residues from algae (third and fourth generation bioethanol). The fermentation process and contamination in the industrial fermentation is presented, as well as strategies for its control. Pretreatment technologies, enzymatic hydrolysis technologies, and the search for enzymes are described based on recent developments and finds. When it comes to commercialization, technical-analytical standards have been developed in order to control bioethanol quality, contributing to overcome technical barriers and providing product reliability.

This book covers the most important tasks in the production process and examines future uses. This book will answer the many questions of students and researchers regarding the bioethanol production process, as well as professionals in the industry supply chain.



Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Bioethanol: An Overview of Production Possibilities
(Felipe A. F. Antunes, Anuj K. Chandel, Júlio C. Santos, Talita M. Lacerda, Kelly J. M. Dussán, Débora D. V. Silva, Gerônimo V. Tagliaferro,Thaís S. S. Milessi, Paulo R. F. Marcelino, Larissa P. Brumano, Ruly Terán-Hilares, and Silvio S. da Silva, Department of Biotechnology, School of Engineering of São Paulo-University of São Paulo, Lorena, SP, Brazil)

Chapter 2. Bioethanol Production from Fermentable Sugars of Plant Cell Walls
(Vimal Kumar Balasubramanian, Ning Yuan and Venugopal Mendu, Fiber and Biopolymer Research Institute, Department of Plant & Soil Science, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, US)

Chapter 3. Contamination in Bioethanol Fermentation Processes
(Mariane Soares Raposo, Renata Maria Christofoleti-Furlan, Camila de Souza Varize, Cauré Barbosa Portugal, and Luiz Carlos Basso, Departament of Biological Science, Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz, University of São Paulo, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil)

Chapter 4. An Analysis of Trajectory Equivalence in Stirred Tank Bioreactors Using Unstructured Kinetic Models
(Hugo Iván Velázquez-Sánchez, Rafael Maya-Yescas and Ricardo Aguilar-López, Department of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, CINVESTAV-IPN, Mexico City, Mexico, and others)

Chapter 5. Brazilian Efforts in Technical Analytical Standards Applied to the Quality Control of Bioethanol
(Ana Carolina Gandini Panegossi, Rodrigo Sequinel, Luciana Antoniosi, Sandra Imaculada Maintinguer, and Danilo Luiz Flumignan, IFSP, São Paulo Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology, Matão, São Paulo, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 6. Ozonolysis Applied to Lignocellulosic Biomass
(Olavo Micali Perrone, Sidnei Emilio Bordignon, Mauricio Boscolo, Eleni Gomes and Roberto da Silva, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Institute of Biosciences, Letters and Exact Sciences (IBILCE), São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil)

Chapter 7. Bioethanol from Microalgae: Technical Aspects to Guide Technological Development
(Eduardo Bittencourt Sydney, Ana Maria Velez Escallon, Alessandra Cristine Novak Sydney, Juliana Vitoria Messias Bittencourt, Júlio Cesar de Carvalho and Carlos Ricardo Soccol, Federal University of Technology – Paraná (UTFPR), Ponta Grossa, PR, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 8. Perspectives for the Production of Bioethanol from Macroalgae Biomass
(Fernando Roberto Paz Cedeno, Eddyn Gabriel Solorzano Chavez, Levi Ezequiel de Oliveira, Valéria Cress Gelli, Rubens Monti and Fernando Masarin, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas, FCF, Departamento de Bioprocessos e Biotecnologiaa and Alimentos e Nutriçãob, Araraquara, SP, Brasil)

Chapter 9. Cellulose Enzymatic Hydrolysis and Its Technological Applications
(Marcos Paulo Vicentim, Directorate of Metrology Applied to Life Sciences (Dimav), National Institute of Metrology, Quality and Technology (Inmetro), Xerém, Duque de Caxias, RJ, Brazil)

Chapter 10. Cellulases from Invertebrate Animals
(Youssef Bacila Sade, Daniela Toma de Moraes, Paulo José Beltrão and Marcos Paulo Vicentim, Life Sciences Metrology, National Institute of Metrology, Quality and Technology – INMETRO, Duque de Caxias, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)

Chapter 11. Enzymes for the Biochemical Route of Second-Generation Ethanol: Production by Solid-State Cultivation as a Feasible and Sustainable Alternative
(Fernanda Perpétua Casciatori, PhD, and Priscila Aparecida Casciatori-Frassatto, Department of Chemical Engineering, Federal University of São Carlos, São Carlos, São Paulo State, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 12. The Uses of Bioethanol in Chemical Looping Processes
(F. García-Labiano, E. García-Díez, L. F. de Diego, A. Abad, P. Gayán and J. Adánez, Instituto de Carboquímica (ICB-CSIC), Zaragoza, Spain)

Chapter 13. Bioethanol Usage in Diesel Engines
(Breda Kegl and Marko Kegl, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maribor, Maribor, Slovenia)

Chapter 14. Hydrogen Production from Bioethanol on Mixed Oxide Catalysts
(Lidiya Yu. Dolgikh, Yuri I. Pyatnitsky and Peter E. Strizhak, L. V. Pisarzhevskii Institute of Physical Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine)

Chapter 15. Integration between the Ethanol Production and the Energy Co-Generation through the Energetical Densification of Lignocellulosic Residues and Gasification Process
(Andrea Cressoni De Conti, Cláudio De Conti and Nestor Proeza Perez, Energy Engineering, São Paulo State University (Unesp), Campus de Rosana, Rosana, São Paulo, Brazil, and others)


Postgraduates students
Undergraduate students
P&D companies in bioenergy and biorefinery
Privates laboratory on biomass analysis
Government institutes focused on standard developments

Additional information