Biodiversity of the Bulgarian-Romanian Section of the Lower Danube

Peter Stanislavov Shurulinkov, PhD
Assoc. Professor, National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia

Zdravko Hubenov, PhD
National Museum of Natural History, Sofia, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Stoyan Beshkov, PhD
National Museum of Natural History, Sofia, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Georgi Popgeorgiev, PhD
National Museum of Natural History, Sofia, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Series: Animal Science, Issues and Research
BISAC: SCI070000

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$230.00

Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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The Danube River is the second longest river in Europe; it flows through ten countries and is 2,850 km in length. In its lower stretches it passes through large lowlands and remains an almost intact natural ecosystem. For 470 km, the river acts as a border between Bulgaria and Romania and provides a refuge for very rich, yet insufficiently studied, biodiversity. The flora and fauna of this area, not far from the Danube Delta biosphere reserve, and its environmental importance are the topics of this book.

The book is comprised of 12 separate scientific articles (chapters) that each contain specialized information about key organism groups forming the typical Lower Danube ecosystem. Vertebrate fauna of the study region includes 392 species out of which 83 species are fishes, 19 are amphibians, 15 are reptiles, 201 are birds, and 74 are mammals. Birds are presented in three separate articles with a focus on heron colonies, water birds in the marshlands, and diurnal raptors. Among the invertebrates, several key groups which are comparatively well-studied, are presented, including mollusks; dragonflies and damselflies (in overall 52 species); dipterans of suborder Nematocera (153 species); mayflies (52 species); stoneflies (3 species); and caddisflies (49 species), butterflies (153 species). An article about habitats and typical plants of the Danube plain is also included.

The articles all contain information on the status, distribution and ecology of the study’s organism groups, and the threats they face. Overall numbers and population trends of some of the presented taxa are also included; 281 maps, 29 graphs, 21 tables and 49 photographs help illustrate various aspects of the collected data. The authors of the articles are well-known and experienced experts on specific organism groups, working mainly out of two institutions of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences: the National History Museum (Sofia) and the Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research (Sofia).
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Acknowledgements

Chapter 1. Important Plant Areas along the Bulgarian Stretch of the Danube River: Contemporary Knowledge and Gaps in Their Determination
(Rossen Tzonev, Chavdar Gussev, Valeri Georgiev and Sonya Tsoneva, Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Biology, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Sofia, Bulgaria, and others)

Chapter 2. Species Composition and Distribution of Mollusca (Gastropoda and Bivalvia) in the Bulgarian Sector of the Danube River and the Adjacent Wetlands
(Teodora Trichkova, Milcho Todorov, Dilian Georgiev and Zdravko Hubenov, Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria, and others)

Chapter 3. Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, and Trichoptera (Insecta) from the Bulgarian Stretch of the Danube River and Adjacent Territories
(Vesela Evtimova, Yanka Vidinova and Violeta Tyufekchieva, Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria)

Chapter 4. Dragonflies and Damselflies (Odonata: Insecta) from the Bulgarian Stretch of the Danube River and Adjacent Territories
(Yordan Kutsarov, Kalimok-Bruchlen Ltd., Tutrakan, Bulgaria)

Chapter 5. Species Composition and Distribution of Nematocera (Diptera: Insecta) from the Bulgarian Danube River Bank
(Zdravko Hubenov, National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria)

Chapter 6. The Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea) of the Danubian Plain and Adjacent Territories of North Bulgaria
(Zdravko Kolev, National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria)

Chapter 7. Ichthyofauna of the Bulgarian Stretch of the Danube River and Lower Courses of Its Tributaries
(Tihomir Stefanov, National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria)

Chapter 8. Diversity and Distribution of Amphibians and Reptiles in the Bulgarian Part of the Lower Danube
(Georgi Popgeorgiev, Borislav Naumov, Yurii V. Kornilev, Vladislav Vergilov, Miroslav Slavchev, Simeon Lukanov, Angel Dyugmegdzhiev, Andrey Stoyanov, Dobrin Dobrev, Nikolay Tzankov, National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria, and others)

Chapter 9. Heron and Cormorant Colonies along the Bulgarian-Romanian Section of Danube River – Status and Trends, 2010-2014

Chapter 10. Recent Data on the Distribution and Numbers of the Water Birds in the Wetlands along the Bulgarian Section of the Danube River
(Peter Shurulinkov, Girgina Daskalova, Svilen Cheshmedzhiev, Krassimir Kirov, Veselin Koev, Hristo Dinkov, Ivan Hristov, Ivailo Nikolov, Stoyan Mihov and Yordan Kutsarov, National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria, and others)

Chapter 11. Status and Distribution of Diurnal Birds of Prey and the Black Stork along the Bulgarian Section of the Danube River
(Svilen Cheshmedzhiev, Peter Shurulinkov and Girgina Daskalova, Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Sofia, Bulgaria, and others)

Chapter 12. Mammals in Danubian Region of Bulgaria: Species Composition, Distribution, Habitats, and Conservation
(Vasil Popov, Sirma Zidarova and Ivan Pandourski, Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria)

Index

"The Danube River flows across much of the European continent from its central part to its southeastern border. In addition to its high transport, commercial and economic importance, the River is also a key factor in biodiversity, especially in its lower course. Therefore, it is a good idea to summarize in one book the available information together with original unpublished data on the species diversity, chorology and ecology of key groups of animals and overview of significant vegetation areas in the Bulgarian section of the Danube," READ MORE... - Associate Professor Dr. Alexi Popov, Former Director (retired), National Museum of Natural History, Sofia, Bulgaria

Keywords: Danube, biodiversity, ecology, trends, endangered species, habitats

Audience: Specialists in life sciences and agriculture, students, forestry workers, fisherman, nature lovers, tourists.

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