Biodegradation: Properties, Analysis and Performance


Jaime Alvarez (Editor)

Series: Air, Water and Soil Pollution Science and Technology
BISAC: SCI026000

This book provides an overview of biodegradation. The first chapter provides a detailed description on the ability of Rhodococcus UKMP-5M to act as a biological tool to remediate phenol, chlorinated compounds, nitrile, oil spillage and cyanide which selection was primarily based on their large-scale presence in industrial wastewater. Chapter Two presents advances made in recent decades on the understanding of the metabolic capabilities of sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) from marine and other types of sediment (i.e., freshwater, estuarine) for the biotransformation of carbon compounds and sulfate that are present as pollutants in several types of waters and soils. Chapter Three concentrates on the different parameters that influence biodegradation speed and energy release potential. Chapter Four reports and discusses several examples on biodegradation with bacteria and fungi of organochlorides, organophosphates, and more recently of pyrethroid pesticides. Chapter Five discusses heavy metals as biodegradation inhibitors of the forest litter in contaminated areas. Chapter Six introduces ecologically feasible ways of treating environments contaminated by BTEX (a mixture of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene) based on efficient microbial metabolism. (Imprint: Nova)


Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Rhodococcus UKMP-5M: A Versatile Bioremediation Microorganism
Maegala Nallapan Maniyam, Nor Suhaila Yaacob, Fridelina Sjahrir, Jayasudha Nagarajan, Jayesree Nagarajan, Anthony E. G. Cass, Norazah Mohamad Nawawi, and Abdul Latif Ibrahim (Institute of Bio-IT Selangor, Universiti Selangor, Jalan Zirkon, Seksyen, Shah Alam, Malaysia, and others)

Chapter 2. Sulfate Reduction Applied to Environmental Biotechnology using Marine and Freshwater Sediments as Inoculum: A Review
Emir Martínez-Gutiérrez and Claudia Guerrero-Baraja (Departamento de Bioprocesos, Unidad Profesional Interdisciplinaria de Biotecnología, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Av. Acueducto s/n, Col. Barrio La Laguna Ticomán, Mexico, City, Mexico)

Chapter 3. Energy Content of Different Biodegradable Materials for Heat Recovery from Aerobic Biodegradation
Laura Dzelzkalēja (Riga Technical University Cesis Affiliate Piebalgas, Cesis, Latvia)

Chapter 4. Isolation of Bacteria from a Reforested Brazilian Savannah for Biodegradation of Esfenvarelate
B. Meira, Charlene S. dos Anjos, Willian G. Birolli, Marília C. M. Peret, Luís Pina Fonseca, Marcia Nitschke, Isabel K. Sakamoto, Maria B. A. Varesche, and André L. M. Porto (Laboratory of Biocatalysis and Organic Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry of São Carlos, University of São Paulo, São Carlos, SP, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 5. Heavy Metals as a Biodegradation Inhibitor of the Forest Litter in Contaminated Areas
Yu. N. Vodyanitskii, E. L. Vorobeichik and A. T. Savichev (Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Soil Science, Moscow, Russia, and others)

Chapter 6. Remediation of BTEX Contaminated Areas: A Microbial Approach
Elis Marina Turini Claro, Ederio Dino Bidoia, Renato Nallin Montagnolli, Paulo Renato Matos Lopes, Jaqueline Matos Cruz, Gabriela Mercuri Quiterio, Ana Paula Justiniano Régo and José Rubens Moraes Júnior (UNESP, São Paulo State Universisty, Bioscience Institute, Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brazil)



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