Biocomposites: Properties, Performance and Applications

Asim Shahzad (Editor)
Materials Research Center, College of Engineering Swansea University, Swansea, UK

Series: Materials Science and Technologies
BISAC: TEC021000

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Biocomposites are exciting, “new” materials which have experienced a renaissance in the 21st century in response to the societal concerns regarding global warming and environmental pollution, shifting the focus towards materials made from renewable, biodegradable and recyclable resources. As a consequence, research and development of these materials has increased in recent years, which is reflected in their applications in various industries, particularly the automotive and construction industries. These materials are estimated to experience a compound annual growth rate of 11.7% in the next five years, which is almost double that of conventional composite materials over the same time period.

This book attempts to increase the knowledge base of these materials, particularly in terms of their properties, performance and applications. It contains precisely referenced chapters, complete with illustrations and tables that maximize the reader’s insight into the current state-of-the-art applications on biocomposites. The chapters have been written by the leading experts of this field with various backgrounds and expertise. Apart from review articles, the book also contains chapters on recent developments in this field. A distinguishing feature of this book is the emphasis on the uses of these materials in biomedical applications.

This reference book is an invaluable source of guidance for researchers, academics and entrepreneurs working in the field of biocomposites.

Dedication

Preface

Part I. Materials

Chapter 1. Biocomposites: Past, Present and Future
Asim Shahzad (Materials Research Center, College of Engineering, Swansea University, Swansea, UK)

Chapter 2. Agricultural Waste Fibers and Biopolymer Matrices Used in Biocomposites
Tshwafo E. Motaung, Linda Z. Linganiso and Samson M. Mohomane (Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Agriculture, University of Zululand, KwaDlangezwa, South Africa)

Chapter 3. Hybrid Natural/Synthetic Fiber Biocomposites
Idowu David Ibrahim, Emmanuel Rotimi Sadiku, Tamba Jamiru, Williams Kehinde Kupolati, Stephen C. Agwuncha, Victoria Oluwaseun Fasiku, MC Khoathane, Washington Mhike, MK Dludlu, BR Avabaram, M Bandla, Oladimeji A Adeyeye, SJ Owonubi, OF Biotidara, E Mukwevho, VO Ojijo, G Makgatho, K Selatile, Oluranti Agboola, Abongile S. Ndamase, Rajkumar Kasilingam, Jayaramudu Jarugala, Anand P. Babu, Periyar S. Selvam, Reshma B. Nambiar and Bilainu Obozokhai Oboirien (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa, and others)

Chapter 4. Biomass Based Nanocomposites: Developments, Production Methods, Challenges and Future Scope
Deena Titus, E. James Jebaseelan Samuel and Selvaraj Mohana Roopan (Department of Physics, School of Advanced Sciences, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India, and others)

Chapter 5. Composites from Renewable Resources with Thermoplastic Starch Matrix
Eliana Paula Calegari, Jussara Porto Smidt, Clarissa Coussirat Angrizani, Branca Freitas de Oliveira, Lauren da Cunha Duarte and Sandro Campos Amico (Post-Graduation Program in Design with Emphasis on Design and Technology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 6. Preparation of Functional Polysaccharide Ion Gels by Composition with Ionic Liquids
Jun-ichi Kadokawa (Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, Japan)

Chapter 7. Polymer Bio-Composites Produced by Rotational Molding: Structure and Properties
Fatima Ezzahra Hanana and Denis Rodrigue (Department of Chemical Engineering and CERMA, University of Laval, Quebec, Canada)

Chapter 8. Bio-Based Polyurethanes and Composites from Passion Fruit Oil Methyl Esters and Coconut Husk Fibers
Jessica D. O. Rodrigues, Amanda Murawski, Brenda Beckler, Roseany V. V. Lopes, Leonardo G. Paterno, Rafael L. Quirino and Maria J. A. Sales (Institute of Chemisty, University of Brasília, Brasília, Brazil, and others)

Part II. Properties and Performance

Chapter 9. Biocomposites Based on Biomass
Tshwafo E. Motaung, Linda Z. Linganiso and Samson M. Mohomane (Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Agriculture, University of Zululand, KwaDlangezwa, South Africa)

Chapter 10. Surface Treatments of Natural Fibers, Their Effects on Properties and the Performance of Composites
Idowu David Ibrahim, Stephen C. Agwuncha, Emmanuel Rotimi Sadiku, Tamba Jamiru, Oludaisi Sunday Adekomaya, Williams Kehinde Kupolati, Oluranti Agboola, Victoria Oluwaseun Fasiku, John Shesan Owonubi, BabuReddy Avabaram, M Bandla, Azuna A Eze, Kokkarachedu Varaprasad, Tippabattini Jayaramudub, S.Periyar Selvam, Anand Babu, Reshma B Nambiar and Jayaramudu Jarugala (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa, and others)

Chapter 11. A Study on the Effects of Fiber-Matrix Interfacial Adhesion on the Performance of Bio-Composites
Vijay Chaudhary, Pramendra Kumar Bajpai and Sachin Maheshwari (Division of Manufacturing Process and Automation Engineering, Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India)

Chapter 12. The Effects of Alkali and Furfuryl Alcohol on the Physico-Chemical, Thermo-Mechanical and Morphological Properties of Luffa Cylindrica Fibers
Sudhir Kumar Saw, Ashwini Kumar Singh and Khurshid Akhtar (CIF, Birla Institute of Technology (Deemed University), Mesra, Ranchi, India, and others)

Chapter 13. Visco-Elastic and Vibration Characteristics of Biocomposites: A Review
Narayanan Venkateshwaran and Sambandamoorthy Senthilrajan (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai, India, and others)

Chapter 14. Fracture Mechanisms and Failure Modes in Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites
E. R. Sadiku, O. Agboola, I. D. Ibrahim, P. A. Olubambi, B. R. Avabaram, M. Bandla, W. K. Kupolati, J. Tippabattini, K. Varaprasad, S. C. Agwuncha, B. O. Oboirien, G. Phiri, C. Nkuna, M. O. Durowoju, S. J. Owonubi, V. O. Fasiku, B. A. Aderibigbe, V. O. Ojijo, O. F. Biotidara, A.O.Adeboje, O.S. Adekomaya, I. Aderibigbe, T. Jamiru and M. K. Dludlu (Institute of NanoEngineering Research (INER), Department of Chemical, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa, and others)

Chapter 15. The Development of Bio-Sandwich Structures with Brazilian Curaua Fiber/Polyester as Face and PVC as Core for Anti-Frictional Applications
I. Siva1, M. Thirukumaran, S. Anand Kumar, J. T. Winowlin Jappes, I. Sankar and Sandro C. Amico (Center for Composite Materials, Department of Mechanical Engineering, and others)

Chapter 16. Post-Impact Fatigue Properties of Hemp and Glass Fibre Composites
Asim Shahzad (Materials Research Centre, College of Engineering, Swansea University, Swansea, UK)

Chapter 17. Modelling
Linda Z. Linganiso, Tshwafo E. Motaung and Mokgaotsa J. Mochan

e (Department of Chemistry, University of Zululand, KwaDlangezwa, South Africa)

Part III. Applications

Chapter 18. Calcium Orthophosphate-Containing Biocomposites and Their Biomedical Applications
Sergey V. Dorozhkin (Moscow, Russia)

Chapter 19. Biopolymers and Their Applications in Biocomposites
Manjula, A. Babul Reddy, E. R. Sadiku,*, O. Agboola, B.L. Bayode, V. Sivanjineyulu, Gomotsegang F. Molelekwa, J. Jayaramudu, K. Raj Kumar, Reshma B Nambiar, Anand Babu, S. Periyar Selvam, K Varaprasad, Idowu David Ibrahim, Azunna A. Eze, T. Jamiru, O.S. Adekomaya8 and I. Aderibigbe (Institute for NanoEngineering Research (INER) and Department of Chemical, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa, and others)

Chapter 20. Green Biocomposites from Renewable Biopolymers and Their Biomedical Applications
M. Nuruzzaman Khan, Shanta Biswas, Md. Sazedul Islam, Taslim Ur Rashid, Sadia Sharmeen, Md. Shahruzzaman, Md. Minhajul Islam, Md. Shirajur Rahman, Abul K Mallik, Asaduzzaman, Papia Haque and Mohammed Mizanur Rahman (Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh)

Chapter 21. Applications of Biocomposites in Automotive, Sports, Structural and Other Industries
Linda Z. Linganiso and Tshwafo E. Motaung (Department of Chemistry, University of Zululand, KwaDlangezwa, South Africa)

Index

“This book is a valuable up-to-date addition to the existing literature on the subject of biocomposites. Although many books have been recently published in this very active field of research, most of them focused mainly on just one aspect of the domain. We must keep in mind that biocomposites represent an interdisciplinary category of materials and a linear approach is rather theoretic. This book, on the other hand, focuses on various aspects like structure and properties, performance and applications of these materials, presenting these issues in a strong interdependency, as most of the factors affecting the level of performance of these materials are acting synergistically. Hence, this book addresses to the needs of scientists from universities, academia and industry R&D from multidisciplinary backgrounds.” - Dr. Carmen-Alice Teaca, "Petru Poni" Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry Romania

"Written by top experts in this field, this book is an excellent addition to the already expanding literature on biocomposites. This book offers up-to-date studies, as well as review articles, on biocomposites. This book is strongly recommended to students, academics and researchers working on biocomposites." - Dr. Mohammad Jawaid, Department of Biocomposite Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Audience: Academics teaching courses on biocomposites and the students of these courses, researchers working on research projects relating to biocomposites and entrepreneurs making products of biocomposites are the primary audience of this book. Biocomposites are being increasingly used in automotive, construction and sports industries, all of which can benefit from this book. This book will also be useful to many research organizations, particularly in Europe and North America, which have been established to explore further avenues in uses of these materials.

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