Biochemistry Research Summaries (with Biographical Sketches). Volume 3

James T. Walker (Editor)
Catherine M. Jones (Editor)

Series: Biochemistry Research Trends
BISAC: MED008000

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This new book provides research summaries from a number of different focuses in this important field, as well as compiles biographical sketches of top professionals in the field of biochemistry research. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical)

Preface

Part I - Researcher Biographical Sketches

Chapter 1. Yong Lu

Chapter 2. Stefan Mihailescu

Chapter 3. Shin-ichi Miyashita

Chapter 4. Mogoanta Stelian Stefanita

Chapter 5. Juraj Pistl, Prof., DVM, PhD

Chapter 6. Danijela Ristic-Medic

Chapter 7. Vicente Rives

Chapter 8. Tatjana Stevanovic

Chapter 9. Toshihiko Sugiki

Chapter 10. Vesna Vasić

Chapter 11. Wentao Xu

Chapter 12. Jingcheng Zhang

Chapter 13. Mingchu Zhang

Part II - Research Summaries

Chapter 14. Integrated Bioprocess Approaches for the Microbial Production of Terpenoids
Marco Antonio Mirata, Hendrik Schewe and Jens Schrader

Chapter 15. Biologically Active Triterpenoids Usable As Prodrugs
Milan Urban, Miroslav Kvasnica, Niall J. Dickinson and Jan Sarek

Chapter 16. Terpenoids of the Saharan Medicinal Plants Launaea Cass. Genus (Asteraceae) and Their Biological Activities
Abdelkrim Cheriti and Nasser Belboukhari

Chapter 17. Squalene: Molecular Properties, Biological Importance and Applications
Ghayth Rigane and Ridha Ben Salem

Chapter 18. UV Protection of the Skin by Topically-Applied Forskolin
Alexandra Amaro-Ortiz, Mary Boulanger and John D’Orazio

Chapter 19. Oral Administration of Forskolin Decreases Retinal Damage after Experimental Induction of Ocular Hypertension in the Rat
Nicola Pescosolido, Gianfranco Scarsella and Dario Rusciano

Chapter 20. Forskolin Embryotoxicity in Initial Stages of the Embryonic Development in Chick
Lucia de Fatima Sobral Sampaio, Renato Correa Nogueira and Maria Auxiliadora Pantoja Ferreira

Chapter 21. Forskolin and Coleus Forskohlii: Clinical Applications for Overweight and Obesity
Seika Kamohara

Chapter 22. Distinctive Viscoelastic Behaviour and Sensory Features Introduced by Inulin/Extra Virgin Olive Oil Blends in Mashed Potatoes: Effects of Ingredients Ratio and Freeze/Thaw Cycle
María José Jiménez, Wenceslao Canet and María Dolores Alvarez

Chapter 23. Processing Plants Containing Inulin
Václav Veselý, Jana Budovičová, Jiří Hanika, Miroslav Punčochář and Martin Bárnet

Chapter 24. Inulin: Modulation of Intestinal Microbiota and Prospects in New Products
Marilyn Gonçalves Ferreira Kuntz, Ricardo Fernandes, Vinicius André do Rosário, Giovanna Medeiros Rataichesck Fiates and Erasmo Benicio Santos de Moraes Trindade

Chapter 25. Drug Delivery Approaches for Apigenin: A Review
Zsófia Edit Pápay, Emese Balogh, Mohammed Gulrez Zariwala, Satyanarayana Somavarapu and István Antal

Chapter 26. Antimetastatic Potential of Apigenin
Daniele Maggioni, PhD

Chapter 27. Nanotechnology Based Apigenin Drug Delivery Systems
Ranjita Shegokar

Chapter 28. Update on Properties of Apigenin Related to Inflammatory Process
Gorzalczany Susana

Chapter 29. Inhibitory Effects of Apigenin on Mammalian DNA Polymerase and Proliferation of Human Cancer Cells
Yoshiyuki Mizushina, Kazuaki Shiomi, Takefumi Onodera and Isoko Kuriyama

Chapter 30. Chemoprevention by Apigenin through Induction of Apoptosis and Autophagy
Bokyung Sung and Nam Deuk Kim

Chapter 31. Role of Apigenin in Cancer Prevention
Rit Bahadur Gurung, Ramesh Prasad Pandey and Jae Kyung Sohng

Chapter 32. Naringenin Regulates the Intestinal Tight Junction Barrier and Inflammation
Takuya Suzuki

Chapter 33. Dietary Sources, Bioavailability and Biological Activities of Naringenin and Its Derivatives
Ramesh Prasad Pandey, Rit Bahadur Gurung and Jae Kyung Sohng

Chapter 34. Alkaloids: Biosynthesis, Biological Roles and Health Benefits
Eduardo Sobarzo-Sánchez

Chapter 35. Indoleamines: Sources, Role in Biological Processes and Health Effects
Ángel Catalá

Chapter 36. Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure of the Active Ingredient Chlorpyrifos in the Commercial Organophosphate Pesticide Attamix SB Used in Colombia
Rosalina Gonzalez, PhD

Chapter 37. The Organophosphorus Chlorpyrifos As a Breast Cancer Risk Factor
Clara Ventura, Mariel Núñez, Andrea Randi, Andrés Venturino and Claudia Cocca

Chapter 38. Acute Exposure of the Freshwater Snail Planorbarius Corneus to an Environmental Concentration of Chlorpyrifos: Recovery Studies of Enzyme Activities in Gonads and Effects on Reproduction
Pamela R. Rivadeneira, Macarena Agrelo and Gisela Kristoff

Chapter 39. Effect of Chlorpyrifos on Proliferative Activity of Various Cell Cultures
Natália Kovalkovičová, Juraj Pistl, Jana Polláková, Tomáš Csank and Jaroslav Legáth

Chapter 40. Toxic Effects of Chlorpyrifos and Its Metabolites on Some Physiologically Important Enzymes: ATPases, Cholinesterases, Peroxidases
Mirjana B. Čolović, Tamara D. Lazarević-Pašti and Vesna M. Vasić

Chapter 41. Developmental Neurotoxicity of Chlorpyrifos: Mechanistic Information and Predictive Safety Assessment Applications
Magda Sachana and Carmen Estevan Martinez

Chapter 42. Fate and Disposition of Chlorpyrifos in Human
Khaled Abass, Manal Abd-El-Razik and Gamal Abouelghar

Chapter 43. Chlorpyrifos Interactions with Sediments from Lake Victoria: Sorption on Container Walls and Concentration, Sorption and Degradation in Sediments
J. Wasswa, P. Nkedi-Kizza, G. N. Kasozi and B. T. Kiremire

Chapter 44. Chlorpyrifos: Environmental Occurrence in the Atmosphere and Water
Renata Raina-Fulton, Liu Yang and Noof Alzahrani

Chapter 45. Organic Phase Thick Film Biosensor for Chlorpyrifos Pesticide Detection
V. Somerset, P. Baker and E. Iwuoha

Chapter 46. General Aspects and Applications of Gibberelins and Gibberellic Acid in Plants
Marcela Candido Camara, Cristine Rodrigues, André Luis Lopes da Silva, Luciana Porto de Souza Vandenberghe and Carlos Ricardo Soccol

Chapter 47. On the Function of Gibberellins and Its Impact on Plant Metabolism and Growth
Dimas Mendes Ribeiro, Flávio Barcellos Cardoso, Auxiliadora O. Martins, Welliton Barros de Magalhães and Wagner L. Araújo

Chapter 48. Role of Gibberellins in Plant Pathogen Interaction
Magda Aparecida Beneventi, Maria Eugênia Lisei de Sá, Regina Maria Santos de Amorim and Maria Fatima Grossi–de–Sa

Chapter 49. The Role of Gibberellins in the Control of Tuberization in Potato (Solanum Tuberosum L.)
María Noelia Muñiz García, María Catalina Muro, Margarita Stritzler and Daniela Andrea Capiati

Chapter 50. New Fluorescence Microscopy Approaches to Explore the Influence of Sphingolipids on Lateral Organization of Biomembranes: From Artificial Systems to Cellular Membranes
Martín M. Dodes Traian, Susana A. Sánchez and Valeria Levi

Chapter 51. Potential Role for Ceramides in Neurodegenerative Diseases
A. V. Alessenko and S. V. Gurianova

Chapter 52. Interplay between Aβ, Ceramides and Hyperphosphorylated Tau in Alzheimer’s Disease
Maja Jazvinšćak Jembrek, Mirjana Babić, Nela Pivac and Goran Šimić

Chapter 53. Threonine Synthesis of Brevibacterium Flavum Mutant Strain
G. S. Andriiash, G. M. Zabolotnа, A. F. Tkachenko, Ya. B. Blume and S. М. Shulga

Chapter 54. Threonine Requirements for White-Egg Layers
Matheus Ramalho de Lima, Fernando Guilherme Perazzo Costa and Ricardo Romão Guerra

Chapter 55. Fluorescence, UV-vis, and CD Spectroscopic Study on Docking of Chiral Salen-Type Zn(II) Complexes and Lysozyme and HSA Proteins
Tomoko Hayashi and Takashiro Akitsu

Chapter 56. Spectroscopic and Electrochemical Studies on Metalloprotein (Laccase) and Cu(II) Complex Mediators As Model Systems for Biofuel Cell Cathodes
Yu Kurosawa, Erika Tsuda, Masahiro Takase, Nanami Yoshida, Yuto Takeuchi, Yuya Mitsumoto and Takashiro Akitsu

Chapter 57. Physiological Roles of Leucine and Effects of Leucine Supplementation
Tzi Bun Ng and Charlene Cheuk Wing Ng

Chapter 58. Leucine Based Polymers: Synthesis and Applications
Ramaz Katsarava and Jordi Puiggalí

Chapter 59. An Overview on Leucine Metabolites Alpha-Ketoisocaproate (KIC) and Beta-Hydroxi-Beta-Methyl Butyrate (HMB) in Skeletal Muscle Function and Sports Performance
Lucas Guimarães-Ferreira, Jason Cholewa, Isadora Clivatti Furigo, João Alfredo Bolivar Pedroso and Nelo Eidy Zanchi

Chapter 60. Bioactive Peptides in Wine: Recent Advances and Perspectives
Pedro A. Aredes-Fernández, Gisselle R. Apud, María G. Stivala and María J. Rodríguez-Vaquero

Chapter 61. Wine Polyphenols: Biological Activities and Reuse from Winery Waste
María J. Rodríguez-Vaquero, Sofía M. Sosa-Marmol, María G. Stivala, Gisselle R. Apud and Pedro A. Aredes-Fernández

Chapter 62. Factors Affecting Biogenic Amines Occurrence in Wine: An Overview of Analytical Methods
Silvana C. Ledesma, María G. Stivala and Pedro A. Aredes-Fernández

Chapter 63. Impact of Fungal Diseases in Grapes and Wine: General Aspects and Recent Advances
Gisselle R. Apud, Pedro A. Aredes-Fernández and Diego A. Sampietro

Chapter 64. Fumonisins: Occurrence, Prevention and Health Impacts
Milena Veronezi Silva, Simone Aparecida Galerani Mossini and Miguel Machinski Junior

Chapter 65. Fumonisin B1: A Potential Risk Factor for Neural Tube Defects
Ana-Marija Domijan, Maja Šegvić Klarić, Tihana Žanić Grubišić and Lada Rumora

Chapter 66. State-of-the-Art in the Analysis of Fumonisins by Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Paolo Lucci, Rocío Castro-Ríos and Oscar Núñez

Chapter 67. Involvement of Malondialdehyde in Oxidative Stress and Neurodegenerative Diseases
C. Fernández-Moriano, E. González-Burgos and M. P. Gómez-Serranillos

Chapter 68. Impact of Malondialdehyde on Cognitive Dysfunction in Obesity
Wasana Pratchayasakul, Nipon Chattipakorn and Siriporn C. Chattipakorn

Chapter 69. Glutathione and Lipoic Acid Benefit Effects on Liver, Kidney, Brain and Pancreatic Tissue from Cd-, Pb- and Cu- Provoked Lipid Peroxidation Monitoring via MDA Content among Wistar Rats
Ružica S. Nikolić, Jasmina M. Jovanović, Gordana M. Kocić and Nenad S. Krstić

Chapter 70. Vitamin B12: Chemical Aspects, Transport, Cause and Symptoms of Deficiency, Dietary Sources, and Health Benefits
Elena Mutti

Chapter 71. The Role of Sphingomyelin in the Regulation of Membrane Physical State
Stefano Piotto, Lucia Sessa and Simona Concilio

Chapter 72. Tricyclic Antidepressants Are Modulators of Sphingolipid Turnover and Cell Sensitivity to Insulin Action
Nataliya A. Babenko

Chapter 73. Sphingolipid Variety, Biosynthesis and Regulation
Diana Molino and Jean-Denis Faure

Chapter 74. Metabolism of Glycolipids at the Cell Surface
Jose L. Daniotti, Aldo A. Vilcaes, Macarena Rodriguez-Walker and Fernando M. Ruggiero

Chapter 75. Unraveling the Specific Role of Sphingomyelins in Cell Physiology: Where Are We?
Joan Bestard-Escalas, María Dolores Ledesma, Makoto Taniguchi, Toshiro Okazaki, María Laura Martin and Gwendolyn Barceló-Coblijn

Chapter 76. Unravelling the Role of Sphingosine-Based Lipids Using Sphingolipidomics
M. Rosário M Domingues, Ana Reis, Daniela Couto and Pedro Domingues

Chapter 77. An Overview of Sphingolipids and Ceramides of Aqueous Humor and Trabecular Meshwork
Yenifer Guerra, Katyayini Aribindi, Genea Edwards, Hernando J. Olivos, Tasneem M. Bahrainwala, Nawajes A. Mandal and Sanjoy K. Bhattacharya

Chapter 78. Roles of Sphingolipids in Skeletal Development and Homeostasis
Garthiga Manickam and Jingjing Li

Chapter 79. The Effect of Membrane Microdomains Containing Sphingolipids on Lipid Peroxidation
Angel Catalá

Chapter 80. Positive Effects of Tryptophan and Serotonin on Cognition during Aging and Related-Diseases
David Moranta, Fiorella Sarubbo, Margarita R. Ramis, Sara Aparicio, Antonio Miralles and Susana Esteban

Chapter 81. The Etiology and Pathogenesis of Depression
Sang Won Jeon and Yong-Ku Kim

Chapter 82. L-Tryptophan in Perinatal Nutrition, A Putative Role in Circadian Rhythm Acquisition?
Elizabeth Nascimento and Bertrand Kaeffer

Chapter 83. Tryptophanase Enantioselectivity Transforming D-Serine from Inhibitor to Active Substrate in the Presence of Triammonium Phosphate
Akihiko Shimada and Ikumi Otsuka

Chapter 84. Tryptophan Molecule Fragmentation in Collisions with Low-Energy Electrons
A. V. Snegursky, J. Tamuliene, L. G. Romanova, V. S. Vukstich and A. V. Papp

Chapter 85. A Novel Tryptophan-Selective Amino Acid Transporter That Is Functionally Coupled to IDO1-Dependent Signaling Pathways
Yangzom D. Bhutia and Vadivel Ganapathy

Chapter 86. Food and Healthy Mind: Caffeic Acid and Its Derivatives
Satyabrata Ghosh

Chapter 87. Role of Caffeic Acid in Winemaking
Jose Luis Aleixandre-Tudo and Jose Luis Aleixandre

Chapter 88. The Comprehensive Understanding of Anti-Diabetic and Anti-Obesity Effects of Coffee Intake via Nutrigenomics
Wanping Aw, Huijuan Jia, Shoko Takahashi, Shinji Fukuda and Hisanori Kato

Chapter 89. Antimicrobial Properties and Potential Usefulness of Caffeic Acid
M. J. Rodríguez-Vaquero, C. V. Vallejo, O. A. Sosa, F. M. Saguir and P. A. Aredes-Fernandez

Chapter 90. Molecular, Pharmacological and Chemical Biology of Caffeic Acid and Derivatives
Cheorl-Ho Kim

Chapter 91. Therapeutic Potential of Caffeic Acid Phenethyl Ester in Neurodegenerative Diseases
Mushfiquddin Khan, Mauhammad Baarine and Inderjit Singh

Chapter 92. Caffeic Acid and Its Derivatives as Inhibitors of Lipoxygenases in Different Organisms
Miroslava Cuperlovic-Culf and Mohamed Touaibia

Chapter 93. The Role of Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry in the Analysis of Caffeic Acid
Paolo Lucci, Oscar Núñez and Javier Saurina

Chapter 94. Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives: Synthesis, Modification and Applications
Md. Ibrahim H. Mondal

Chapter 95. Physiological Roles and Possible Applications of Lecithin
Tzi Bun Ng and Charlene Cheuk Wing Ng

Chapter 96. Phospholipid-Based Drug Delivery Systems: Scopes and Limitations
Isabel Ribeiro and Célia Faustino

Chapter 97. Phospholipids and Metallodrugs: Is Their Interaction Essential for Cancer Therapy?
Marijana Petković, Jovana Bogojevski, Maja Nešić, Biljana Petrović, Iva Popović and Živadin Bugarčić

Chapter 98. Phospholipids Fatty Acid Profile as Biomarker of Dietary Intake and Indicator of Chronic Diseases
Aleksandra Arsic and Danijela Ristic-Medic

Chapter 99. Role of Membrane Phospholipids in Cardiovascular Diseases
Poulami Basu and Marica Bakovic

Chapter 100. Interactions of Natural Polyphenols With Phospholipids: Implication in Oxidative Stress and Neurodegenerative Diseases
Ekaterina A. Korobkova

Chapter 101. Characterization of Surface Properties of Calcium Carbonate
Izabela PolowczykAnna Bastrzyk and Tomasz Koźlecki

Chapter 102. Effect of Macromolecules on the Structures of Calcium Carbonate
Zygmunt Sadowski, Anna Bastrzyk and Izabela Polowczyk

Chapter 103. Structural Design of Siloxane-Containing Vaterite for Application in Bone Reconstruction Remedies
Jin Nakamura, Shinya Yamada, Yoshio Ota, Yoshio Sakka and Toshihiro Kasuga

Chapter 104. Porous Calcium Carbonate Cores As Templates for Preparation of Peroral Proteins Delivery Systems: The Influence of Composition of Simulated Gastrointestinal Fluids on the Structure and Morphology of Carbonate Cores
N. N. Sudareva, N. N. Saprykina, E. V. Popova and A. D. Vilesov

Chapter 105. Cellulose and Cellulose Composites: Modification, Characterization and Applications
Md. Ibrahim H. Mondal

Chapter 106. Green Polyurethanes and Biocomposites: Molecular Design and Characterization
Hyoe Hatakeyama and Tatsuko Hatakeyama

Chapter 107. Up-Regulation of Matrix Metalloproteases in Cancer and Atherosclerosis, Role of Inflammation
T. A. Korolenko, T. P. Johnston, Y. A. Kisarova and M. S. Cherkanova

Chapter 108. Roles of Matrix Metalloproteinases in Periodontal Diseases and Dental Caries
Eman Allam, Sabrina Feitosa, Jadesada Palasuk, Marco C. Bottino and L. Jack Windsor

Chapter 109. Metalloproteinases: Prognostic and Predictive Biomarkers of Radiation Response
S. Ríos-Arrabal, F. Artacho-Cordón, A. Olivares-Urbano, I. Calvente, M. Salinas and M. I. Núñez

Chapter 110. Matrix Metalloproteinases: Pathophysiological Mechanisms in Hypertension
Carla Speroni Ceron, Marcelo Rizzatti Luizon and Jose E Tanus-Santos

Chapter 111. Prognostic Value of Matrix Metalloproteinases in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Georgi Mishev and Valentin Djonov

Chapter 112. Mucosal Barriers, MMPs and Infectious Diseases: Conflict or Resolution?
Andrea Cristina Vetö Arnholdt

Chapter 113. Matrix Metalloproteinases and Bowel Diseases – A Clinical Point of View
Stelian Stefanita Mogoanta and Laurentiu Mogoanta

Chapter 114. Ochratoxin: An Overview
Eline P. Meulenberg

Chapter 115. Ochratoxin A (OTA) and Public Health
Daniel Lerda, PhD

Chapter 116. Ochratoxin A: Possible Mechanisms of Toxicity
R. K. Asrani, Vikram Patial and Meenakshi Thakur

Chapter 117. Prevention of Ochratoxin a Production by Using Food Grade Antioxidants
Carla Lorena Barberis, Carina Elizabeth Magnoli and Ana María Dalcero

Chapter 118. Alternative Method by Natural Products to Ochratoxin Control
Joana D’arc Felicio and Edlayne Gonçalez

Chapter 119. Adsorbent Biopolymers from Tannin Extracts for Water Treatment
Jesus Beltran-Heredia and Elena Beltran-Heredia

Chapter 120. Determinants of Tannin-Rich Food and Beverage Consumption: Oral Perception vs. Psychosocial Aspects
Elsa Lamy, Cristina Pinheiro, Lénia Rodrigues, Fernando Capela e Silva, Orlando Silva Lopes, Sofia Tavares and Rui Gaspar

Chapter 121. Grape Tannins: Structure, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activity
Kenneth J. Olejar, Charlotte Vandermeer and Paul A. Kilmartin

Chapter 122. Wine Tannin Structure and Extraction: Review of Current Research
Jacqui M. McRae, Keren A. Bindon, Josh L. Hixson and Paul A. Smith

Chapter 123. Tannins in Ruminant Nutrition: Impact on Animal Performance and Quality of Edible Products
Eliana Jerónimo, Cristina Pinheiro, Elsa Lamy, Maria Teresa Dentinho, Elvira Sales-Baptista, Orlando Lopes and Fernando Capela e Silva

Chapter 124. Effect of Flavonoid Compounds from Flemingia macrophylla on Milk Composition of Lactating Goat in the Tropics
Gisele Maria Fagundes, Elisa Cristina Modesto, Tatiana Saldanha, Carlos Elysio Moreira da Fonseca, James Pierre Muir,
Juarez Vicente, Vinícius Carneiro de Souza, Aline Barros da Silva, Rosiane Martins da Silva, Jenevaldo Barbosa da Silva
and Ives Claudio da Silva Bueno

Chapter 125. Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) and Perfluorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS): Global Occurrence, Exposure and Health Effects
Magdalena Surma, Juan Antonio Giménez-Bastida and Henryk Zieliński

Chapter 126. In Vitro Study of the Exposition of Human Myofibroblasts of Colon CCD-18Co to Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA)
Juan Antonio Giménez-Bastida, Magdalena Surma and Joanna Bukowska

Chapter 127. Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry in the Analysis of Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA): Occurrence in Food
Juan F. Ayala-Cabrera, Oscar Núñez and Encarnación Moyano

Chapter 128. Chromatographic Determination of PFOA, Other Selected Perfluorinated Organic Compounds, and Total Organic Fluorine in Natural Waters and Milk Samples
Mariusz Koc, Katarzyna Chorąży and Marek Trojanowicz

Chapter 129. Serum Perfluoroalkyl Acids Concentrations, T-Helper Cell-Specific Cytokines, and Asthma Outcomes in a Case-Control Study of Children
Guang-Hui Dong, Xiao-Wen Zeng, Li-Wen Hu, Xiao-Di Qin and Yang Zhou

Chapter 130. Is Arginine Truly a “Miracle Molecule”?: A Critical Evaluation of Nutritional Arginine Supplementation from a Biochemical Point of View
András Hrabák and Zoltán Kukor

Chapter 131. L-arginine and Nitric Oxide Homeostasis
Martina Antosova, Tomas Buday and Jana Plevkova

Chapter 132. L-arginine and Cardiometabolic Health: Brief Overview
Gabriela Gutiérrez-Salmeán, PhD

Chapter 133. Novel Synthetic Biodegradable Arginine-Rich Implantable Biomaterials and Devices for Human Body Repair and Reconstruction
C. C. Chu, PhD

Chapter 134. Beneficial Effects of L-arginine Supplementation in Controlling Blood Pressure
Cintia H Santuzzi, PhD, Renata V. Tiradentes, PhD, and Sonia A. Gouvea, PhD

Chapter 135. The Importance of Dietary L-arginine Supplementation on Female Reproductive Function in Mammals
A. Guzman, D. Zamora-Gutiérrez, C. G. Hernández-Coronado and A. M. Rosales-Torres

Chapter 136. Assessment of Geographical Origin of Honey by Chemometrics
Jose Manuel Camiña, Roberto Gerardo Pellerano and Eduardo Jorge Marchevsky

Chapter 137. The Confirmation of Botanic Origin of the Croatian Black Locust Honey from the Krapina-Zagorje Region
Natalija Uršulin-Trstenjak, Dinko Puntarić and Davor Levanić

Chapter 138. Prebiotic and Probiotic Properties of Honey
L. R. Gaifullina, E. S. Saltykova and A. G. Nikolenko

Chapter 139. Traditional and Modern Uses of Honey: An Updated Review
Lai Moon Dor Ginnie Ornella and Mahomoodally Mohamad Fawzi

Chapter 140. The Secrets of Honey: Why This Old Remedy Is Still Useful
Elia Ranzato and Simona Martinotti

Chapter 141. Manganese Superoxide Dismutase in Cardiovascular Disease
Yanqi Dang, Shuang Ling and Jin-Wen Xu

Chapter 142. Indispensable Roles of Superoxide Dismutation in Mammalian Erythrocytes
Takujiro Homma and Junichi Fujii

Chapter 143. The Family of Fe/Mn Superoxide Dismutase: Structure, Catalysis and Therapeutic Uses
Rosalin Bonetta, Gary J. Hunter and Thérèse Hunter

Chapter 144. Nanomedicines as a Strategy for the Therapeutic Use of Superoxide Dismutases
M. Luisa Corvo, H. Susana Marinho and M. Barbara F. Martins

Chapter 145. Emerging Role of Superoxide Dismutase 3 in Controlling Skin Inflammation and Immune Responses
Shyam Kishor Sah, PhD, and Tae-Yoon Kim, MD, PhD

Chapter 146. Designing G-Quadruplex Topologies by Focusing on Sequence Modifications
Janos Sagi

Chapter 147. G-Quadruplexes and I-Motifs as Scaffolds for Molecular Engineering of DNA Aptamers
Elena Zavyalova and Alexey Kopylov

Chapter 148. Double Helices Forming Unusual Binding Motifs: The Case of the Natural Alkaloids Coptisine and Chelerythrine
Marta Ferraroni, Carla Bazzicalupi, Francesco Papi and Paola Gratteri

Chapter 149. G-Quadruplex-Induced Fluorescence Signal
Rajen Kundu

Chapter 150. G-Quadruplex Interacting Small Molecules and Their Biological Implications
Sebastian Müller

Chapter 151. Assays for Telomerase Activity toward Applications
of Cancer Diagnosis
Hidenobu Yaku and Daisuke Miyoshi

Chapter 152. Impact of Feedstock Supply Systems Unit Operations on Feedstock Cost and Quality for Bioenergy Applications
Jaya Shankar Tumuluru, Erin Searcy, Kevin L. Kenney, William A. Smith, Garold L. Gresham and Neal A Yancey

Chapter 153. Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization During Pretreatment and Bioconversion
Yunqiao Pu, Xianzhi Meng, Chang Geun Yoo, Mi Li and Arthur J. Ragauskas

Chapter 154. Biochemical Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels
Ximing Zhang, Arun Athmanathan and Nathan S. Mosier

Chapter 155. Optimization of Biogas Production by Anaerobic Co-Digestion
Raphael M. Jingura and Reckson Kamusoko

Chapter 156. Current Developments in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass to Fuels and Chemicals
Chan Seung Park and Arun S. K. Raju

Chapter 157. Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Biomass for Biofuel
Florin G. Barla and Sandeep Kumar

Chapter 158. Application of Heterogeneous Catalysts for the Production of Fuel and Fuel Additives from Lignocellulosic Biomass
Małgorzata Wąchała, Agnieszka M. Ruppert, Olga Sneka-Płatek and Jacek Grams

Chapter 159. Lignin Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals
Yu Gao, Merima Beganovic and Marcus B. Foston

Chapter 160. Nanocelluloses from Lignocellulosic Biomass
G. Siqueira and V. Arantes

Chapter 161. Towards Economically Sustainable Lignocellulosic Biorefineries
N. V. S. N. Murthy Konda, Dominique Loqué and Corinne D. Scown

Chapter 162. Environmental and Performance Impacts of Alternative Fuels in Transportation Applications
Thomas D. Durbin, Georgios Karavalakis and Kent C. Johnson

Chapter 163. Kaempferol in Grape and Wine
Riccardo Flamini, Mirko De Rosso and Annarita Panighel

Chapter 164. Flavonols: Enhancement by Using Elicitors
Rocío Gil-Muñoz

Chapter 165. Therapeutic Uses of Kaempferol: Anticancer and Antiinflammatory Activity
Ignacio Gutiérrez-del-Río, Claudio J. Villar and Felipe Lombó

Chapter 166. Kaempferol: Review on Natural Sources and Bioavailability
Muhammad Jahangir Hossen, Md Bashir Uddin, Syed Sayeem Uddin Ahmed, Zhi-Ling Yu and Jae Youl Cho

Chapter 167. Kaempferol Glycosides in Crocus: Sources, Biosynthesis, and Uses
Natalia Moratalla-López, Cándida Lorenzo, Gonzalo L. Alonso and Ana M. Sánchez

Chapter 168. Saffron Crocus (Crocus sativus L.) as a Source of Kaempferol
Keti Zeka and Randolph Arroo

Chapter 169. Advanced Techniques to Detect Protein-Protein Interactions Using Solution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Part I: Chemical Shift Perturbation and Residual Dipolar Coupling
Young-Ho Lee and Toshihiko Sugiki

Chapter 170. Advanced Techniques to Detect Protein-Protein Interactions Using Solution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Part II: Cross-Saturation, Paramagnetic Effects, and In-Cell NMR
Toshihiko Sugiki and Young-Ho Lee

Chapter 171. Identifying Protein-Protein Interactions via Many Learning Methods Based on Protein Sequence Information
Yijie Ding, Jijun Tang and Fei Guo

Chapter 172. Thermodynamics of Protein-Protein Interactions Examined by Isothermal Titration Calorimetry
Ju Yaen Kim, Misaki Kinoshita, Takashi Inui, Genji Kurisu, Yuji Goto, Toshiharu Hase, Koichiro Ishimori and Young-Ho Lee

Chapter 173. Molecular Structure of Amyloid Fibrils Revealed by Thermodynamics
Tatsuya Ikenoue, Yuxi Lin, Misaki Kinoshita, Kazumasa Sakurai, Yuji Goto and Young-Ho Lee

Chapter 174. Protein Self-Interaction in Health and Disease: How Dimerization, Oligomerization and Polymerization Modulate Protein Function
Ailis O’Carroll, Mehdi Moustaqil, Andre D.G. Leitao, Yann Gambin and Emma Sierecki

Chapter 175. Carnosine: Benefits in Meat and Meat Products Quality and Consumer Health
Cristina Roseiro and Carlos Santos

Chapter 176. Perspective Role of Carnosine in Tumor-Related Phenomena
Filippo Iuliano, Lucia Csaderova, Martina Labudova, Miriam Zatovicova, Monika Barathova and Jaromir Pastorek

Chapter 177. Neuroprotective Effects of Carnosine: Possible Treatment for Neurodegenerative Disease
Masahiro Kawahara, Ken-ichiro Tanaka and Dai Mizuno

Chapter 178. Neurotropic and Protective Effects of L-carnosine: Studies In Vitro
Anatoly Mokrushin and Larisa Pavlinova

Chapter 179. Protective Effects of Carnosine and Its Derivative Trolox-Carnosine Against Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Experimental Arthritis, Carrageenan Induced Hind Paw Edema, Chondrocytes under H2O2 Injury and Degradation of Hyaluronan
S. Ponist, L. Slovak, T. Fedorova, F. Drafi, L. Rackova, K. Valachova and K. Bauerova

Chapter 180. Saponins: Occurrence in Nature and Biological Activities
Andresa Heemann Betti, PhD, Juliane Deise Fleck, PhD, and Simone Gasparin Verza, PhD

Chapter 181. Mini-Review: Ginsenoside Rg3 Modulating Lipid Metabolism
Yong-Seob Jeong and Jisun Oh

Chapter 182. Application of Saponins in Remediation of Metal-Contaminated Soils
Zygmunt Mariusz Gusiatin

Chapter 183. Application of Saponin from Soapnuts for Remediation of Oil Contaminated Sand
Meshari S. Almutairi, PhD

Chapter 184. Triterpenoids and Their Saponins from Ilex asprella: Types and Biological Studies
Hui Liu, Fan-Cheng Meng, Ying Wang, Rui-Bing Wang, Wen-Cai Ye and Qing-Wen Zhang

Index

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